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Political Complexity North and South of the Zambezi River  

Maria Schoeman

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Complexity flourished in several regions north and south of the Zambezi during the second millennium ce. Four of these localities are explored here: the Greater Shashe-Limpopo region, the ... More

The Politics of Decolonization in French and British West Africa  

Frederick Cooper

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
At the end of World War II, Britain and France tried to find new bases for the legitimacy of empire. Their hesitant moves created openings that African political movements exploited. ... More

Popular Politics in East Africa from Precolonial to Postcolonial Times  

James R. Brennan

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Popular politics have influenced the development of East Africa’s political institutions from roughly two millennia ago up to contemporary times. Among the discernible political dynamics ... More

Portuguese Colonialism in Africa  

Miguel Bandeira Jerónimo

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
The Portuguese colonial empire was the first and the last European empire overseas, from the conquest of Ceuta (1415), in Morocco, North Africa, until the formal handover of Macau to the ... More

Postcolonial States and Societies in West Africa  

Ebenezer Obadare

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Postcolonial West African history can be understood in terms of transitions across three successive eras: a post-independence era of high nationalism; the military era, characterized by ... More

The 1924 Revolution in Sudan  

Elena Vezzadini

The 1924 Revolution marked the first time in Sudanese history a nationalist ideology became the language of politics and was successfully employed to mobilize the masses. It was a part of ... More

Socialist Politics in Lusophone Africa  

Michael G. Panzer

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
From the 1950s through the 1970s, several liberation movements emerged in Lusophone Africa (Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, São Tomé and Príncipe, and the Cape Verde Islands) that ... More

South Africa’s African National Congress in Exile  

Colin Bundy

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
The African National Congress (ANC) operated in exile for just over three decades, from 1960 to mid-1990. It developed from a flimsy and inexperienced “external mission” to an exiled ... More

Southern Africa before Colonial Times  

John Wright

Perspectives on southern Africa’s past in the eras before the establishment of European colonial rule have been heavily shaped by political conflicts rooted in South Africa’s history as a ... More

Steve Biko and the Black Consciousness Movement  

Leslie Anne Hadfield

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
The Black Consciousness movement of South Africa instigated a social, cultural, and political awakening in the country in the 1970s. By the mid-1960s, major anti-apartheid organizations in ... More

The Archaeology of Political Complexity in West Africa Through 1450 CE  

Stephen Dueppen

Political complexity in archaeological research has traditionally been defined as socio-political differentiation (roles, statuses, offices) integrated through centralized systems of power ... More

The Nile Waters Issue  

Terje Tvedt

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
To understand the role of the modern Nile in African history, it is first necessary to have familiarity with the premodern “natural” Nile, including both its hydrology and societal ... More

Ujamaa  

Michael Jennings

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The idea of Ujamaa emerged from the writing and speeches of Tanzania’s first president, Julius K Nyerere, from the late 1950s and into the 1960s. Usually translated as “familyhood,” it was ... More

Women and Apartheid  

Meghan Healy-Clancy

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Apartheid, the system of racial and ethnic separation introduced in South Africa in 1948, was a gendered project. The immediate goal of the white Afrikaner men who led the apartheid state ... More

Women and Politics in Africa  

Aili Mari Tripp

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
While women were never fully equal to men in the political sphere, women in precolonial Africa governed kingdoms, established cities, launched military conquests, and founded states. Some ... More

Women and Post-Independence African Politics  

Gretchen Bauer, Akosua Darkwah, and Donna Patterson

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Building upon their participation in anti-colonial struggles across Africa in the mid-20th century, African women have taken on many political roles in the post-independence period. While ... More

The Zanzibar Revolution and Its Aftermath  

G. Thomas Burgess

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
The term “Zanzibar Revolution” refers to (1) the overthrow in January 1964 of the islands’ first postcolonial regime, barely a month after gaining independence from British rule; (2) a ... More

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