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Archaeobotany: Methods  

Louis Champion and Dorian Q. Fuller

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
Archaeobotany’s goals are to investigate the interactions between human societies and the plant world in the past from the botanical remains preserved in archaeological sites, including ... More

Community-Based Approaches to African History  

Peter R. Schmidt and Kathryn Weedman Arthur

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
Several trends in the historical scholarship of Africa require recognition and remediation. The first is a quickly shrinking interest in African history of the past two millennia, with a ... More

Pottery chaînes opératoires as Historical Documents  

Olivier P. Gosselain

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
Technical processes—or chaînes opératoires—are heterogeneous cultural aggregates articulating raw materials, tools, knowledge, representations, and agents. The nature and arrangement of ... More

Scientific Dating Methods in African Archaeology  

Vincent J. Hare and Emma Loftus

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
The African archaeological record is particularly remarkable in that it covers timescales relevant to all human history and prehistory. Different dating techniques are therefore ... More

Stone Tools: Their Relevance for Historians and the Study of Historical Processes  

Justin Pargeter

From at least 3.4 million years ago to historic periods, humans and their ancestors used stone as the raw material for tool production. Archeologists find stone tools on all the planet’s ... More

Early African Pasts: Sources, Interpretations, and Meanings  

David Schoenbrun

Writing Africa’s history before the 10th century almost always means relying on sources other than written documents, which increase in number especially from the 16th century onward. ... More

Introduction to Archaeological Methods and Sources  

Peter Mitchell

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Archaeology’s focus on material culture provides it with unparalleled opportunities to investigate the entire span of the human past. For periods for which historical records (verbal as ... More

Rock Art Research Methods  

Jeremy Hollmann

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Rock art is an archaeological resource with the potential to reconstruct aspects of the ideologies of prehistoric societies. Research methods are distinguished here from theoretical, ... More

The Archaeology of Political Complexity in West Africa Through 1450 CE  

Stephen Dueppen

Political complexity in archaeological research has traditionally been defined as socio-political differentiation (roles, statuses, offices) integrated through centralized systems of power ... More

Archaeozoology: Methods  

Veerle Linseele

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Archaeozoology is the study of animal remains, mainly bones and other hard parts, from archaeological sites. It contributes to a more complete understanding of various aspects ... More

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