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US Foreign Policy in the Reagan Presidency  

Simon Miles

Ronald Reagan’s foreign policy legacy remains hotly contested, and as new archival sources come to light, those debates are more likely to intensify than to recede into the background. In ... More

U.S. Foreign Trade Policy from the Revolution to World War I  

Marc-William Palen

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Economic nationalism tended to dominate U.S. foreign trade policy throughout the long 19th century, from the end of the American Revolution to the beginning of World War I, owing to a ... More

U.S.-Franco Relations  

Kathryn C. Statler

Online publication date:
Sep 2016
U.S.-French relations are long-standing, complex, and primarily cooperative in nature. Various crises have punctuated long periods of stability in the alliance, but after each conflict the ... More

U.S. Imperialism, 1898–1914  

Robert McGreevey

U.S. imperialism took a variety of forms in the early 20th century, ranging from colonies in Puerto Rico and the Philippines to protectorates in Cuba, Panama, and other countries in Latin ... More

U.S. Indian Policy, 1783–1830  

David A. Nichols

Online publication date:
Oct 2015
From 1783 to 1830, American Indian policy reflected the new American nation-state’s desire to establish its own legitimacy and authority, by controlling Native American peoples and ... More

U.S.-Iraq Relations, 1920–2003  

Brandon Wolfe-Hunnicutt

Oil played a central role in shaping US policy toward Iraq over the course of the 20th century. The United States first became involved in Iraq in the 1920s as part of an effort secure a ... More

U.S.-Israel Relations  

Olivia L. Sohns

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Moral, political, and strategic factors have contributed to the emergence and durability of the U.S.-Israel alliance. It took decades for American support for Israel to evolve from “a ... More

U.S.-Mexican Relations from Independence to the Present  

Renata Keller

Relations between the United States and Mexico have rarely been easy. Ever since the United States invaded its southern neighbor and seized half of its national territory in the 19th ... More

The U.S.–Mexico War  

Omar Valerio-Jiménez

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
The United States–Mexico War was the first war in which the United States engaged in a conflict with a foreign nation for the purpose of conquest. It was also the first conflict in which ... More

US-NATO Relations  

Susan Colbourn

On April 4, 1949, twelve nations signed the North Atlantic Treaty: the United States, Canada, Iceland, the United Kingdom, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Portugal, Italy, ... More

Vietnamese Americans in Little Saigon, California  

Phuong Nguyen

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Little Saigon is the preferred name of Vietnamese refugee communities throughout the world. This article focuses primarily on the largest such community, in Orange County, California. This ... More

West Virginia Mine Wars  

Lou Martin

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
In the early 20th century, West Virginia coal miners and mine operators fought a series of bloody battles that raged for two decades and prompted national debates over workers’ rights. ... More

White Internal Migration to American Cities, 1940–1980  

Chad Berry

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
An overview of Euro-American internal migration in the United States between 1940 and 1980 explores the overall population movement away from rural areas to cities and suburban areas. ... More

The Woman Suffrage Movement in the United States  

Rebecca J. Mead

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Woman suffragists in the United States engaged in a sustained, difficult, and multigenerational struggle: seventy-two years elapsed between the Seneca Falls convention (1848) and the ... More

Women and Patriarchy in Early America, 1600–1800  

Kelly A. Ryan

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Patriarchy profoundly affected social relations and the daily lives of individuals in early America by supporting the elaboration of both racial differences and sexual hierarchies. ... More

Women and Politics in the Era of the American Revolution  

Sheila L. Skemp

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
Historians once assumed that, because women in the era of the American Revolution could not vote and showed very little interest in attaining the franchise, they were essentially ... More

Women and Religion in Colonial North America and the United States  

Catherine A. Brekus

Historically, women in colonial North America and the United States have been deeply influenced by their religious traditions. Even though world religions like Judaism, Christianity, ... More

Women and Reproduction in the United States during the 19th Century  

Shannon K. Withycombe

Throughout the 19th century, American women experienced vast changes regarding possibilities for childbirth and for enhancing or restricting fertility control. At the beginning of the ... More

Women and the US War in Vietnam  

Jessica M. Frazier

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Women on all sides of the US war in Vietnam pushed for an end to the conflict. At a time of renewed feminist fervor, women stepped outside conventional gender roles by publicly speaking ... More

Women, Gender, and World War II  

Melissa A. McEuen

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
The Second World War changed the United States for women, and women in turn transformed their nation. Over three hundred fifty thousand women volunteered for military service, while twenty ... More

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