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The Creek Confederacy  

Andrew Frank

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The Creek Confederacy was a loose coalition of ethnically and linguistically diverse Native American towns that slowly coalesced as a political entity in the 18th and early 19th centuries. ... More

Daily Life in the Jim Crow South, 1900–1945  

Jennifer Ritterhouse

Online publication date:
May 2018
Distinctive patterns of daily life defined the Jim Crow South. Contrary to many observers’ emphasis on de jure segregation—meaning racial separation demanded by law—neither law nor the ... More

DDT and Pesticides  

Frederick Rowe Davis

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
The history of DDT and pesticides in America is overshadowed by four broad myths. The first myth suggests that DDT was the first insecticide deployed widely by American farmers. The second ... More

Death in Colonial North America: Cross-Cultural Encounters  

Erik R. Seeman

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Death is universal yet is experienced in culturally specific ways. Because of this, when individuals in colonial North America encountered others from different cultural backgrounds, they ... More

Deindustrialization and the Postindustrial City, 1950–Present  

Chloe E. Taft

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The process of urban deindustrialization has been long and uneven. Even the terms “deindustrial” and “postindustrial” are contested; most cities continue to host manufacturing on some ... More

Dockworkers in America  

Peter Cole

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
The history of dockworkers in America is as fascinating and important as it is unfamiliar. Those who worked along the shore loading and unloading ships played an invaluable role in an ... More

Domestic Workers in U.S. History  

Vanessa May

Online publication date:
May 2017
Domestic work was, until 1940, the largest category of women’s paid labor. Despite the number of women who performed domestic labor for pay, the wages and working conditions were often ... More

Drug Subcultures in the American City, 1800–present  

Chris Elcock

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
The use of illicit drugs in US cities led to the development of important subcultures with shared practices, codes, discourses, and values. From the 19th century onward, American city ... More

Elementary and Secondary Education Policy, Post-1945  

Lawrence J. McAndrews

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Americans almost universally agree on the importance of education to the success of individuals and the strength of the nation. Yet they have long differed over the proper mission of ... More

Ellis Island Immigration Station  

Vincent J. Cannato

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
The Ellis Island Immigration Station, located in New York Harbor, opened in 1892 and closed in 1954. During peak years from the 1890s until the 1920s, the station processed an estimated ... More

Employers’ Associations and Open Shops in the United States  

Chad Pearson

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Employers began organizing with one another to reduce the power of organized labor in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Irritated by strikes, boycotts, and unions’ desire to achieve ... More

Energy in American History  

Aaron Sachs

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Energy systems have played a significant role in U.S. history; some scholars claim that they have determined a number of other developments. From the colonial period to the present, ... More

The Enlightenment and America  

John M. Dixon

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
The Enlightenment, a complex cultural phenomenon that lasted approximately from the late seventeenth century until the early nineteenth century, contained a dynamic mix of contrary beliefs ... More

Environmental and Conservation Movements in Metropolitan America  

Robert R. Gioielli

By the late 19th century, American cities like Chicago and New York were marvels of the industrializing world. The shock urbanization of the previous quarter century, however, brought on a ... More

The Environment in the Atomic Age  

Rachel Rothschild

The development of nuclear technology had a profound influence on the global environment following the Second World War, with ramifications for scientific research, the modern ... More

Epidemics in Indian Country  

David S. Jones

Online publication date:
Dec 2014
Few developments in human history match the demographic consequences of the arrival of Europeans in the Americas. Between 1500 and 1900 the human populations of the Americas were ... More

Ethnicity and US Neighborhoods  

Jordan Stanger-Ross

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
Ethnicity is a concept employed to understand the social, cultural, and political processes whereby immigrants and their children cease to be “foreign” and yet retain practices and ... More

Excavating Asian America in the Sacramento Delta  

Kelly N. Fong

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The Sacramento Delta is an agricultural region in northern California with deep historic significance for Asian Americans. Asian American laborers were instrumental to the development of ... More

Federal Indian Law  

N. Bruce Duthu

Online publication date:
Dec 2014
United States law recognizes American Indian tribes as distinct political bodies with powers of self-government. Their status as sovereign entities predates the formation of the United ... More

Federalism  

Alison L. LaCroix

Federalism refers to the constitutional and political structure of the United States of America, according to which political power is divided among multiple levels of ... More

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