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The Salem Witch Trials  

Emerson W. Baker

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
The Salem Witch Trials are one of the best known, most studied, and most important events in early American history. The afflictions started in Salem Village (present-day Danvers), ... More

Same-Sex Love among Early American Women  

Rachel Hope Cleves

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
The task of recovering the history of same-sex love among early American women faces daunting challenges of definition and sources. Modern conceptions of same-sex sexuality did not exist ... More

The Separation of Church and State in the United States  

Steven K. Green

Online publication date:
Dec 2014
Separation of church and state has long been viewed as a cornerstone of American democracy. At the same time, the concept has remained highly controversial in the popular culture and law. ... More

Sexuality and American Religion  

Kathryn Lofton

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Both sexuality and religion are terms as vexatious to define as they can be alluring to pursue. In the contemporary period, figuring out one’s sexual feelings, identity, and preferences ... More

Sherman’s March in American History and Cultural Memory  

Anne Sarah Rubin

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Sherman’s March, more accurately known as the Georgia and Carolinas Campaigns, cut a swath across three states in 1864–1865. It was one of the most significant campaigns of the war, making ... More

Skyscrapers and Tall Buildings  

Elihu Rubin

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
The tall building—the most popular and conspicuous emblem of the modern American city—stands as an index of economic activity, civic aspirations, and urban development. Enmeshed in the ... More

Slavery in North American Cities  

Leslie Harris

The patterns of urban slavery in North American and pre-Civil War US cities reveal the ways in which individual men and women, as well as businesses, institutions, and governmental bodies ... More

Nightlife in the City  

Peter C. Baldwin

Online publication date:
Mar 2015
Today the term nightlife typically refers to social activities in urban commercial spaces—particularly drinking, dancing, dining, and listening to live musical performances. This was not ... More

Temperance and Prohibition  

H. Paul Thompson Jr.

Online publication date:
May 2017
The temperance and prohibition movement—a social reform movement that pursued many approaches to limit or prohibit the use and/or sale of alcoholic beverages—is arguably the ... More

The American Experience during World War I  

Ross A. Kennedy

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
World War I profoundly affected the United States. It led to an expansion of America’s permanent military establishment, a foreign policy focused on reforming world politics, and American ... More

The Counterculture of the 1960s and 1970s  

Blake Slonecker

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
In the decade after 1965, radicals responded to the alienating features of America’s technocratic society by developing alternative cultures that emphasized authenticity, individualism, ... More

Transcendentalism  

David M. Robinson

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
New England transcendentalism is the first significant literary movement in American history, notable principally for the influential works of Ralph Waldo Emerson, Margaret Fuller, and ... More

The United States in the 1920s  

Paul V. Murphy

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Americans grappled with the implications of industrialization, technological progress, urbanization, and mass immigration with startling vigor and creativity in the 1920s even as wide ... More

Universities and Information Centers in U.S. Cities  

LaDale Winling

The transformation of post-industrial American life in the late 20th and early 21st centuries includes several economically robust metropolitan centers that stand as new models of urban ... More

Universities in America since 1945  

Christopher P. Loss

Until World War II, American universities were widely regarded as good but not great centers of research and learning. This changed completely in the press of wartime, when the federal ... More

Urban Destruction during the Civil War  

Megan Kate Nelson

During the American Civil War, Union and Confederate commanders made the capture and destruction of enemy cities a central feature of their military campaigns. They did so for two reasons. ... More

Urban Riots and Rioting in the United States, 1800–2000  

Alex Elkins

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Rioting in the United States since 1800 has adhered to three basic traditions: regulating communal morality, defending community from outside threats, and protesting government abuse of ... More

Urban Tourism in the U.S. since 1800  

J. Mark Souther

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Prior to the railroad age, American cities generally lacked reputations as tourist travel destinations. As railroads created fast, reliable, and comfortable transportation in the 19th ... More

Vietnamese Americans in Little Saigon, California  

Phuong Nguyen

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Little Saigon is the preferred name of Vietnamese refugee communities throughout the world. This article focuses primarily on the largest such community, in Orange County, California. This ... More

The Woman Suffrage Movement in the United States  

Rebecca J. Mead

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Woman suffragists in the United States engaged in a sustained, difficult, and multigenerational struggle: seventy-two years elapsed between the Seneca Falls convention (1848) and the ... More

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