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Agriculture, Food, and the Environment  

Kathleen A. Brosnan and Jacob Blackwell

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
Throughout history, food needs bonded humans to nature. The transition to agriculture constituted slow, but revolutionary ecological transformations. After 1500 ce, agricultural goods, as ... More

The American Antinuclear Movement  

Paul Rubinson

Spanning countries across the globe, the antinuclear movement was the combined effort of millions of people to challenge the superpowers’ reliance on nuclear weapons during the Cold War. ... More

The American Experience during World War II  

Michael C. C. Adams

On the eve of World War II many Americans were reluctant to see the United States embark on overseas involvements. Yet the Japanese attack on the U.S. Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor on ... More

American Film since 1945  

Joshua Gleich

Over the past seventy years, the American film industry has transformed from mass-producing movies to producing a limited number of massive blockbuster movies on a global scale. Hollywood ... More

American Food, Cooking, and Nutrition, 1900–1945  

Helen Zoe Veit

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
The first half of the 20th century saw extraordinary changes in the ways Americans produced, procured, cooked, and ate food. Exploding food production easily outstripped population growth ... More

American Mass Culture, 1900–1945  

Daniel Borus

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
The story of mass culture from 1900 to 1945 is the story of its growth and increasing centrality to American life. Sparked by the development of such new media as radios, phonographs, and ... More

American Radio and Technological Transformation from Invention to Broadcasting, 1900–1945  

Michael A. Krysko

Radio debuted as a wireless alternative to telegraphy in the late 19th century. At its inception, wireless technology could only transmit signals and was incapable of broadcasting actual ... More

Anti-Catholicism in the United States  

Mark S. Massa S. J.

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
Historian John Higham once referred to anti-Catholicism as “by far the oldest, and the most powerful of anti-foreign traditions” in North American intellectual and cultural history. But ... More

Asian American Literature, U.S. Empire, and the Eaton Sisters  

Edward Tang

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
The Eaton sisters, Edith Maude (b. 1865–d. 1914) and Winnifred (b. 1875–d. 1954), were biracial authors who wrote under their respective pseudonyms, Sui Sin Far and Onoto Watanna. Raised ... More

Asian Americans and the 1992 Los Angeles Riots/Uprising  

Shelley Sang-Hee Lee

Although the 1992 Los Angeles riots have been described as a “race riot” sparked by the acquittals of a group of mostly white police officers charged with excessively beating black ... More

Asian International Adoptions  

Allison Varzally

Although Americans have adopted and continue to adopt children from all over the world, Asian minors have immigrated and joined American families in the greatest numbers and most shaped ... More

Black Women and Beauty Culture in 20th-Century America  

Maxine Leeds Craig

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Black beauty culture developed in the context of widespread disparagement of black men and women in images produced by whites, and black women’s exclusion from mainstream cultural ... More

Buddhism in America  

Jeff Wilson

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Buddhist history in the United States traces to the mid-19th century, when early scholars and spiritual pioneers first introduced the subject to Americans, followed soon by the arrival of ... More

Calvinism in the United States  

Darryl Hart

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
The history of Calvinism in the United States is part of a much larger development, the globalization of western Christianity. American Calvinism owes its existence to the transplanting of ... More

Catholicism in the United States  

Margaret McGuinness

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
The Catholic Church has been a presence in the United States since the arrival of French and Spanish missionaries in the 16th and 17th centuries. The Spanish established a number of ... More

The City Beautiful Movement, 1890–1920  

John D. Fairfield

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
The City Beautiful movement arose in the 1890s in response to the accumulating dirt and disorder in industrial cities, which threatened economic efficiency and social peace. City Beautiful ... More

Contagious Disease and Public Health in the American City  

Daniel Wilson

Contagious diseases have long posed a public health challenge for cities, going back to the ancient world. Diseases traveled over trade routes from one city to another. Cities were also ... More

Deindustrialization and the Postindustrial City, 1950–Present  

Chloe E. Taft

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The process of urban deindustrialization has been long and uneven. Even the terms “deindustrial” and “postindustrial” are contested; most cities continue to host manufacturing on some ... More

Drug Subcultures in the American City, 1800–present  

Chris Elcock

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
The use of illicit drugs in US cities led to the development of important subcultures with shared practices, codes, discourses, and values. From the 19th century onward, American city ... More

The Enlightenment and America  

John M. Dixon

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
The Enlightenment, a complex cultural phenomenon that lasted approximately from the late seventeenth century until the early nineteenth century, contained a dynamic mix of contrary beliefs ... More

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