You are looking at  1-20 of 23 articles  for:

  • Central Asia x
Clear All

View:

A Historical Sketch of Buddhism in Tibet  

Dan Smyer Yü and Sonam Wangmo

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
With the available historical Tibetan written records from late 8th century on and the existing scholarly works on Buddhism, this historical overview recounts how Buddhism was Tibetanized ... More

Ancient Steppe Nomad Societies  

Nikolay Kradin

Online publication date:
May 2018
Throughout more than two millennia, the extensive droughty areas in East Asia were occupied by pastoral nomads. A long history exists of hybridity between steppe and agricultural areas. ... More

Asia in the Gunpowder Revolution  

Scott C. Levi

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Contrary to long-held notions that gunpowder weapons technologies were devised in the West and gradually transmitted eastward into Asia, more recent scholarship indicates that innovations ... More

The Early Silk Road(s)  

Armin Selbitschka

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Much has been said and written about the “Silk Road” since Ferdinand Freiherr von Richthofen coined the phrase in 1877. Fostered by spectacular discoveries by so-called explorers such as ... More

The Emirate of Bukhara  

Andreas Wilde

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
In the 19th century, the Emirate of Bukhara was one of three independent Uzbek principalities known as khanates. Ruled by the Manghit amīrs, Bukhara was the biggest and most important of ... More

Ethnic Conflict in Modern Central Asia  

Sergey Abashin

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Pre-modern Central Asia saw a lot of violence and wars that had religious underpinnings or originated from genealogical claims. The colonial and Soviet reforms brought about ... More

Ethnicity of Turkic Central Asia  

Peter Finke

Ethnic identity is a fuzzy concept for several reasons. On the one hand, the very question of what is an ethnic group is not an easy one to answer. On the other hand, once this is ... More

Georgia before the Mongols  

Stephen H. Rapp Jr.

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Central Asia
Nestled in one of Eurasia’s most energetic crossroads, Georgia has a long and multifaceted history. The remains of Homo georgicus excavated at Dmanisi in southern Georgia belong to the ... More

Historical Geography of the Pamirs  

Hermann Kreutzmann

Online publication date:
May 2017
The Pamirs have been a contested space in different periods of time. Access to fertile pastures characterized the local economic competition between nomads and mountain farmers. ... More

The Ismaili of Central Asia  

Daniel Beben

The Ismailis are one of the largest Muslim minority populations of Central Asia, and they make up the second largest Shiʿi Muslim community globally. First emerging in the second half of ... More

Khojas of Kashgar  

Alexandre Papas

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
The Khojas of Kashgar name a Sufi lineage, which became a ruling dynasty in eastern Turkestan or present-day Xinjiang in western China. Founded by the Samarkandi spiritual master Ahmad ... More

The Kök Türk Empires  

Michael R. Drompp

Online publication date:
May 2018
The people who called themselves Türk (Chinese Tujue突厥) appear in historical records only a few years before they overthrow their political masters in the middle of the 6th century CE and ... More

The Medieval Khwājagān and the Early Naqshbandīyya  

Ali Gibran Siddiqui

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
The Khwājagān (lit. “Masters”) were a constellation of Ṣūfīs in 13th- to 16th-century Mawara an-Nahr and Khurasan. The Naqshbandīyya were Ṣūfīs from among the Khwājagān who followed the ... More

The Medieval Uyghurs of the 8th through 14th Centuries  

Michael C. Brose

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Subject:
Central Asia
The medieval Uyghurs became a political entity in the mid-8th century when they established their steppe empire as the inheritors of the ancient Türk steppe tribal confederation. They ... More

Modern Armenia  

Simon Payaslian

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Asian History. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Nomadic Warfare before Firearms  

Timothy May

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Nomadic warfare in the Eurasian steppes centered on a mobile horse-archer whose composite bow was surpassed by firearms only in the 17th and 18th centuries. Until the rise of effective ... More

Tamerlane and the Timurids  

Beatrice Forbes Manz

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
The Timurid dynasty was founded in 1370 by the Turkic warlord Temür, usually known in the west as Tamerlane (Temür the lame). Rising to power within the realm of Chinggis Khan’s second son ... More

The Uyghur Empire (744–840)  

Michael R. Drompp

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The Uyghurs (Chinese Huihe迴 紇, Huihu回鶻) were a pastoral nomadic people living in the region of the Selenga and Orkhon river valleys in modern Mongolia; they spoke a Turkic language. The ... More

The Uyghurs: Making a Nation  

David Brophy

The Uyghurs comprise a Turkic-speaking and predominantly Muslim nationality of China, with communities living in the independent republics of Central Asia that date to the 19th century, ... More

Warfare and Arms of the Early Iron Age Steppe Nomads  

Oleksandr Symonenko

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
At the turn of Bronze and Early Iron Ages, the nomads of the Eurasian steppe brought about a new and progressive phenomenon in world military history: cavalry warfare. Spanning the vast ... More

View: