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China and the Asian World, 1500–1900  

Matthew W. Mosca

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Subject:
China, Political
China’s relations with the Asian world between 1500 and 1900 were shaped by a variety of political, economic, and cultural factors. A common denominator in these international ... More

The Creation of Pakistan  

Ayesha Jalal

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
The All-India Muslim League first voiced the demand for a Muslim homeland based on India’s northwestern and northeastern provinces in March 1940. Seven years later at the moment of British ... More

Empire and Historiography in Southwest China  

John Herman

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Although frontier studies enjoy a long and robust history in China, a disproportionate amount of attention has focused on North China and its relations with Central and Northeast Asia, ... More

India and Africa  

Edward A. Alpers

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Connections between India and Africa have existed for thousands of years, with the intensity of linkages varying over time. The earliest known relations involve the anonymous exchange of ... More

Japanese Empire in Manchuria  

Emer O'Dwyer

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Japan, Political
China’s three northeastern provinces (Fengtian, Heilongjiang, and Jilin) were transfigured by Japanese imperialism in the opening decades of the 20th century. South Manchuria and the ... More

Kashmir: From Princely State to Insurgency  

Mridu Rai

Paradise lost, on fire, or on a river of hell: purple prose abounds in descriptions of Kashmir today. But in this instance, the hyperbole may be alarmingly close to reality. Since ... More

Kievan Rus’ and Muscovy Under the Riurikids  

Janet Martin

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
The medieval state of Kievan Rus’ took shape in the late 10th century when Vladimir (Volodimer), reportedly a descendant of the semi-legendary Ri͡urik, established his exclusive rule over ... More

The Kök Türk Empires  

Michael R. Drompp

Online publication date:
May 2018
The people who called themselves Türk (Chinese Tujue突厥) appear in historical records only a few years before they overthrow their political masters in the middle of the 6th century CE and ... More

The Medieval Khwājagān and the Early Naqshbandīyya  

Ali Gibran Siddiqui

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
The Khwājagān (lit. “Masters”) were a constellation of Ṣūfīs in 13th- to 16th-century Mawara an-Nahr and Khurasan. The Naqshbandīyya were Ṣūfīs from among the Khwājagān who followed the ... More

Mu Dan’s Poetry as a History of Modern China  

Huiwen Helen Zhang

An expeditionary force soldier. A jungle war survivor. A patriot who traded opportunities in the United States for a tedious journey home to the newly founded People’s Republic of China. A ... More

Nationalism and Minorities in China  

Sabine Dabringhaus

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Subject:
China, Political
China’s minority policy after 1949 combined the Qing legacy with a socialist affirmative strategy. The concept of a multiethnic Chinese state derived from Qing ideology and policy in the ... More

The Origins and Growth of the Chinese Communist Movement  

Xiaohong Xu

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Subject:
China, Political
When the origins and development of the Chinese Communist Movement before it seized the state power in 1949 are examined, while conventionally the movement is periodized according to its ... More

Rohingya: The History of a Muslim Identity in Myanmar  

Jacques Leider

Online publication date:
May 2018
The name Rohingya denotes an ethnoreligious identity of Muslims in North Rakhine State, Myanmar (formerly Burma). The term became part of public discourse in the late 1950s and spread ... More

Spatial Organization of Chinese Imperial Government and Society  

Nicolas Tackett

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Despite important continuities in imperial practices and bureaucratic structures, the spatial organization of Chinese government and society evolved in significant ways over the course of ... More

Tamerlane and the Timurids  

Beatrice Forbes Manz

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
The Timurid dynasty was founded in 1370 by the Turkic warlord Temür, usually known in the west as Tamerlane (Temür the lame). Rising to power within the realm of Chinggis Khan’s second son ... More

The Uyghurs in Modern China  

Rian Thum

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Subject:
China, Political
The Uyghurs are a Turkic-speaking ethnic group, most of whom live today within the People’s Republic of China. Virtually all Uyghurs are Muslims, and most are oasis farmers, small-time ... More

Xinjiang Under the Qing  

Kwangmin Kim

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Xinjiang is a 642,800-square-mile area about the size of Iran, comprised of two different ecological zones (northern steppe and southern oases) in the heart of Eurasia. After subjugating ... More

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