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Documenting Precolonial Trade in Africa  

Shadreck Chirikure

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
Promoted by necessity, scarcity, and/or abundance, trade is one of the most essential cultural behaviors that promoted contact and exchange of ideas, commodities, and services between ... More

Education in Colonial Sudan, 1900–1957  

Iris Seri-Hersch

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
In the first half of the 20th century, Sudan, which included the territories of present-day Sudan and South Sudan, was ruled by a dual colonial government known as the Anglo-Egyptian ... More

Ethnicity in Africa  

Gabrielle Lynch

Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of African History. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Farming and Herding in Eastern Africa: Archaeological and Historical Perspectives  

Freda Nkirote M'Mbogori

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
The inception of agriculture in eastern Africa is a major topic of discussion among Africanist archaeologists, although very sparse evidence exists. Questions range from whether ... More

Forest History  

Christopher Conte

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
Natural and human histories intersect in Africa’s forested regions. Forests of several types cover the continent’s mountains, savannas, and river basins. Most current classifications ... More

Historiography in the Maghrib in the 19th and Early 20th Century  

Sahar Bazzaz

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
The Maghrebi tradition of historical literary production extends back to the early centuries of Islamic expansion and conquest in North Africa and comprises a rich corpus including ... More

The History of Agriculture in Ethiopia  

James C. McCann

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
Ethiopia’s highlands and their lowland peripheries offer a distinctive and, in many ways, ideal setting for human habitation and the evolution of agricultural ecologies. The ranges in ... More

History of South Africa’s Bantustans  

Laura Phillips

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
With the passing of the Bantu Authorities Act in 1951, the apartheid set in motion the creation of ten bantustans, one of South Africa’s most infamous projects of racial ordering. Also ... More

Interactions between Precolonial Foragers, Herders, and Farmers in Southern Africa  

James R. Denbow

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
Present data indicate that the domestication of wild cattle indigenous to the northern Sahara took place approximately eight to nine thousand years ago. This was followed around seven ... More

The Land Question in South Africa: 1913 and Beyond  

Cherryl Walker

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
Since 1913, the “land question” in South Africa has revolved around the major inequalities in access to and rights over land between the black majority and the white minority of the ... More

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