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Documenting Precolonial Trade in Africa  

Shadreck Chirikure

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
Promoted by necessity, scarcity, and/or abundance, trade is one of the most essential cultural behaviors that promoted contact and exchange of ideas, commodities, and services between ... More

Education in Colonial Sudan, 1900–1957  

Iris Seri-Hersch

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
In the first half of the 20th century, Sudan, which included the territories of present-day Sudan and South Sudan, was ruled by a dual colonial government known as the Anglo-Egyptian ... More

The Ethiopian Red Terror  

Jacob Wiebel

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
The Red Terror was a period of intense political and inter-communal violence in revolutionary Ethiopia during the late 1970s. This violence erupted two years after the revolution of 1974 ... More

Ethnicity in Africa  

Gabrielle Lynch

Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of African History. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Ethnographic Analogy in Archaeology: Methodological Insights from Southern Africa  

Mark McGranaghan

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
Analogical arguments are central to and pervasive within archaeological discourse. Within these arguments, ethnographic analogies are often seen as being particularly problematic exercises ... More

Farming and Herding in Eastern Africa: Archaeological and Historical Perspectives  

Freda Nkirote M'Mbogori

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
The inception of agriculture in eastern Africa is a major topic of discussion among Africanist archaeologists, although very sparse evidence exists. Questions range from whether ... More

Food Production in the Forest Zone of West Africa: Archaeological and Historical Perspectives  

A. Catherine D'Andrea and Richard T. Chia

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
Recent narratives on the origin of food production in the West African forest zone have replaced earlier diffusion-based models with viewpoints that emphasize the diversity of sources for ... More

Forest History  

Christopher Conte

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
Natural and human histories intersect in Africa’s forested regions. Forests of several types cover the continent’s mountains, savannas, and river basins. Most current classifications ... More

Historiography in the Maghrib in the 19th and Early 20th Century  

Sahar Bazzaz

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
The Maghrebi tradition of historical literary production extends back to the early centuries of Islamic expansion and conquest in North Africa and comprises a rich corpus including ... More

The History of Agriculture in Ethiopia  

James C. McCann

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
Ethiopia’s highlands and their lowland peripheries offer a distinctive and, in many ways, ideal setting for human habitation and the evolution of agricultural ecologies. The ranges in ... More

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