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The Creation of Pakistan  

Ayesha Jalal

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Asian History
The All-India Muslim League first voiced the demand for a Muslim homeland based on India’s northwestern and northeastern provinces in March 1940. Seven years later at the moment of British ... More

Daoism and Popular Religion in Imperial China  

Terry Kleeman

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Asian History
Throughout the course of premodern China’s history, the planning and performance of religious ritual has been a primary concern. These offerings of bloody victuals, drink, and, later, ... More

Early Buddhism  

Xinru Liu

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Asian History
South Asia around the mid-1st millennium bce was a politically and socially turbulent time. Siddhartha, a young man of the Shakya ganasanga, witnessed the cruelty of warfare and the rising ... More

The Emirate of Bukhara  

Andreas Wilde

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Asian History
In the 19th century, the Emirate of Bukhara was one of three independent Uzbek principalities known as khanates. Ruled by the Manghit amīrs, Bukhara was the biggest and most important of ... More

Ethnicity in Turkic Central Asia  

Peter Finke

Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Asian History
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Asian History. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Ethnicity and Identity in the Ancient Steppe  

Nikolay Kradin

Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Asian History
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Asian History. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Famine in Imperial and Modern China  

Kathryn Edgerton-Tarpley

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Asian History
Famines have played an important role in China’s history. Because the Confucian classics interpreted natural disasters as warnings from Heaven, in ancient and imperial China feeding the ... More

Georgia before the Mongols  

Stephen H. Rapp Jr.

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Asian History
Nestled in one of Eurasia’s most energetic crossroads, Georgia has a long and multifaceted history. The remains of Homo georgicus excavated at Dmanisi in southern Georgia belong to the ... More

Historical Geography of the Pamirs  

Hermann Kreutzmann

Online publication date:
May 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Asian History
The Pamirs have been a contested space in different periods of time. Access to fertile pastures characterized the local economic competition between nomads and mountain farmers. ... More

India’s Middle Class  

Sanjay Joshi

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Asian History
The category “middle class” can refer to quite different social entities. In the United States, it is often used as a synonym for “ordinary folk.” In the United Kingdom it references an ... More

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