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Tibetan Book of the Dead (Bardo Thödol)  

Casey Alexandra Kemp

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
Although in Tibet there is no single text directly referred to as the Tibetan Book of the Dead, this English work is the primary source for Western understandings of Tibetan Buddhist ... More

Tibetan Buddhism and the Gesar Epic  

Solomon George FitzHerbert

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
In both eastern Tibet and in Mongolia, the Buddhist cult surrounding the figure of Ling Gesar (Gling ge sar) or Geser Khan in Mongolian versions is an outgrowth of Gesar’s standing as the ... More

Tri Songdétsen  

Brandon Dotson

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
Emperor Tri Songdétsen (Khri Srong lde brtsan; 742–c.800 ce) is one of the most fascinating figures in Tibet’s religious and political history. He played a central role in shaping the ... More

The Twofold Rule of God  

John R. Stumme

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
During the 20th century there was a remarkable change in the interpretation of Martin Luther’s approach to society. During the 19th and first part of the 20th centuries, many understood ... More

The Uganda Martyrs Guild  

Heike Behrend

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
The Uganda Martyrs Guild (UMG) was founded in 1897, after the killing of a number of young Catholics, Protestants, and Muslims, who had worked as pages at the court of the king of Buganda. ... More

Ugaritic and Biblical Literature  

Mark S. Smith

Online publication date:
Mar 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
The Ugaritic texts provide a rich resource for understanding the Late Bronze Age kingdom of Ugarit, located on the coast of Syria. The site has yielded about two thousand tablets in ... More

Urban Space and Religion in the United States  

Katie Day

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
Religion has always been a contextually based phenomenon, particularly in urban space. Cities of every size, in every period, and in every region of the country have been defined by the ... More

U.S. Foreign Mission Movement, c. 1800–1860  

Emily Conroy-Krutz

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
In the early 19th century, American Protestants began to send missionaries abroad as part of the foreign mission movement. They were responding to the Great Commission of the Bible: to go ... More

U.S. Foreign Relations and American Religious Liberalism  

Cara Lea Burnidge

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
Scholars of American religious liberalism, like the historical subjects they study, wrestle with the place and power of modernity in American history and culture. Recognizing and ... More

America’s Interactions with Islam and Judaism in North Africa  

Lawrence A. Peskin

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
Encounters between Americans, Muslims, and Jews in North Africa played a foundational role in Americans’ early understanding of Islam and Judaism. At a time when the United States ... More

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