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The History of Angola  

Jeremy Ball

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
Angola’s contemporary political boundaries resulted from 20th-century colonialism. The roots of Angola, however, reach far into the past. When Portuguese caravels arrived in the Congo ... More

History of South Africa’s Bantustans  

Laura Phillips

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
With the passing of the Bantu Authorities Act in 1951, the apartheid set in motion the creation of ten bantustans, one of South Africa’s most infamous projects of racial ordering. Also ... More

Interactions between Precolonial Foragers, Herders, and Farmers in Southern Africa  

James R. Denbow

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
Present data indicate that the domestication of wild cattle indigenous to the northern Sahara took place approximately eight to nine thousand years ago. This was followed around seven ... More

Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Precolonial Sub-Saharan African Farming and Herding Communities  

Paul Lane and Anna Shoemaker

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
Agricultural practices on the African continent are exceptionally diverse and have deep histories spanning at least eight millennia. Over time, farmers and herders have independently ... More

The Land Question in South Africa: 1913 and Beyond  

Cherryl Walker

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
Since 1913, the “land question” in South Africa has revolved around the major inequalities in access to and rights over land between the black majority and the white minority of the ... More

Mahdist Omdurman  

Robert S. Kramer

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
It is tempting to seek an auspicious beginning for the Sudanese city of Omdurman, given its eventual significance, but there is none to be found. From its humble origins as a watering ... More

The Marine Fisheries of South Africa  

Lance van Sittert

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
The South African fisheries are environmentally bifurcated by the different current regimes on the west (Benguela) and east (Agulhas) coasts. Limited precolonial subsistence use of the ... More

Climatology: Methods  

Sharon E. Nicholson

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
Environmental constraints have large impacts on populations, especially in semi-arid regions such as Africa. Climate and weather have long affected African societies, but unfortunately the ... More

North Africa and France: Imperialism, Colonialism, and Women, 1830–1962  

Julia Clancy-Smith

Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of African History. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Paleoenvironmental Science: Methods  

David K. Wright

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
African History
Understanding paleoclimates has been an important component of archaeological research for over a century. Human settlement, mobility, and subsistence activities are predicated on ... More

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