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The Comparative Study of Mysticism  

Michael Stoeber

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
The comparative study of mysticism began in the mid-19th century, with the development of the modern meaning of the word, which had begun to be used as a substantive, with the ... More

Constitutions and Islamic Law  

Christie S. Warren

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
The Constitution of Madinah, written by the Prophet after his flight from Mecca and arrival in Madinah (622 ce/1 ah), is considered by many to be the first written constitution. ... More

Contemporary Pagan, Wiccan, and Native Faith Movements  

Chas S. Clifton

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
Paganism is based largely in an Enlightenment-era rejection of Christianity and Romantic-era ideas of the individual experience, emotion, and creativity, combined with a search for true ... More

Cosmic War  

Mark Juergensmeyer

Online publication date:
May 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
A “cosmic war” is an imagined battle between metaphysical forces—good and evil, right and wrong, order and chaos—that lies behind many cases of religion-related violence in the ... More

The Cosmological Vision of Martin Luther  

Mickey L. Mattox

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
Martin Luther was not an original contributor to the study of cosmology, and if one were to judge only by his explicit remarks on the matter, it would seem to have been of little interest ... More

Creation and Contingency  

Dirk Evers

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
Contingency is a term that occurs in philosophical discourse as well as in theology in a number of contexts and with a number of meanings. In its modern sense the English term contingency ... More

Cybernetics and Religion  

Noreen Herzfeld

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
Cybernetics is the study of systems of control and communication. While often used to refer to control systems in or by machines, such as computers, cybernetic theory can be applied to ... More

The Debate between Martin Luther and Erasmus  

Robert Kolb

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
Martin Luther and Desiderius Erasmus played somewhat significant roles in each other’s lives. Their early relationship is not free from a sense of the serious differences that divided ... More

Desire, Love, and Romance in the Hebrew Bible  

J. Cheryl Exum

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
In the Hebrew Bible human sexual desire is, for the most part, constructed as male and as dangerous. In the patriarchal economy of ancient Israel, in which women were subordinated to men ... More

The Distinction between Law and Gospel in Martin Luther’s Theological Development  

Charles P. Arand

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
Martin Luther’s insistence on the proper distinction between law and gospel in theology marks one of his most important contributions to the Reformation movement and subsequent Protestant ... More

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