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Achaean Confederacy, Greek  

R. M. Errington

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Oxford Classical Dictionary
Achaean Confederacy, federal organization developed by the twelve Achaean cities (see achaea) united in the cult of Zeus Hamarios. First mentioned in 453 bce as Athenian allies, Achaea's independence ... More

Achaean Confederacy, Roman  

Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Oxford Classical Dictionary
Permitted to reform after 146 bce, at first on a local basis only, the confederacy survived until at least the mid-3rd cent. ce, chiefly as a vehicle (from c.ce 50) for a federal *ruler-cult based at ... More

Achaemenid art  

Michael Vickers

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Oxford Classical Dictionary
The official sculpture of the Persian empire was made in a distinctive style which owed much to Mesopotamian forerunners, and like them tended to the glorification of the ruler. It used to be thought ... More

Achaemenids  

Pierre Briant

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Oxford Classical Dictionary
The term, as used by Herodotus (1. 125), refers to one of the three clans (phrētrē) of the Pasargadae tribe to which the Persian kings belonged; its eponymous ancestor was supposedly Achaemenes (Hdt. ... More

Achaeus (1)  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Oxford Classical Dictionary
Achaeus (1), eponym of the Achaeans; in mythology, son of *Poseidon (Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 1. 17. 3), *Zeus (Serv. on Aen. 1. 242), *Xuthus (Apollod. 1. 50), or *Haemon (schol. Il. 2. ... More

Achaeus (2), of Eretria, Athenian tragic poet  

Andrew Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Oxford Classical Dictionary
Achaeus (2) of Eretria, Atheniantragic poet, to be distinguished from Achaeus of Syracuse, who may be the Achaeus who won a *Lenaean victory c.356. According to the *Suda the Eretrian was ... More

Achaeus (3), d. 213 BCE  

Guy Thompson Griffith and Susan Mary Sherwin-White

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Oxford Classical Dictionary
Achaeus (3) (d. 213 BCE), viceroy for *Antiochus (3) III of Seleucid Asia Minor and his kinsman (maternal uncle), probably the grandson of the Seleucid official Achaeus the Elder. In 223/2 ... More

Achaia  

Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Oxford Classical Dictionary
(correct spelling: J. Oliver, The Civic Tradition and Roman Athens (1983) 152 note 6), official name for the Roman province of *Greece, commemorating Rome's defeat of the *Achaean Confederacy in 146 ... More

Acharnae  

Charles William John Eliot and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Oxford Classical Dictionary
Acharnae, the largest Attic *deme. (The figure of 3,000 hoplites at Thuc. 2. 20. 4, cf. 21. 3, may be too high; 1,200 is likelier and a possible emendation; another is that πολῖται should ... More

Achates  

Stephen J. Harrison

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Oxford Classical Dictionary

Achates, character in mythology, faithful lieutenant of *Aeneas in the Aeneid; a late source ascribes to him the killing of *Protesilaus (Eust. Il. 2. 701).

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