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Elementary and Secondary Education Policy, Post-1945  

Lawrence J. McAndrews

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
American History
Americans almost universally agree on the importance of education to the success of individuals and the strength of the nation. Yet they have long differed over the proper mission of ... More

Employers’ Associations and Open Shop in the United States  

Chad Pearson

Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
American History
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Energy in American History  

Aaron Sachs

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
American History
Energy systems have played a significant role in U.S. history; some scholars claim that they have determined a number of other developments. From the colonial period to the present, ... More

The Enlightenment and America  

John M. Dixon

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
American History
The Enlightenment, a complex cultural phenomenon that lasted approximately from the late seventeenth century until the early nineteenth century, contained a dynamic mix of contrary beliefs ... More

Epidemics in Indian Country  

David S. Jones

Online publication date:
Dec 2014
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
American History
Few developments in human history match the demographic consequences of the arrival of Europeans in the Americas. Between 1500 and 1900 the human populations of the Americas were ... More

Excavating Chinese America in the Sacramento Delta  

Kelly N. Fong

Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
American History
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Federal Indian Law  

N. Bruce Duthu

Online publication date:
Dec 2014
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
American History
United States law recognizes American Indian tribes as distinct political bodies with powers of self-government. Their status as sovereign entities predates the formation of the United ... More

Federalism  

Alison L. LaCroix

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
American History
Federalism refers to the constitutional and political structure of the United States of America, according to which political power is divided among multiple levels of ... More

Food and Agriculture in the 20th and 21st Centuries  

Gabriella M. Petrick

Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
American History
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Food in 19th-Century American Cities  

Cindy R. Lobel

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
American History
Over the course of the 19th century, American cities developed from small seaports and trading posts to large metropolises. Not surprisingly, foodways and other areas of daily life changed ... More

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