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Constitution-Making in Comparative Perspective  

Gabriel L. Negretto

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Politics
Constitution-making has been a central political activity in the modern era. Enacting a new constitution was an essential ingredient in the foundation of republics, the creation of new ... More

Constructing a General Model Accounting for Interstate Rivalry Termination  

William R. Thompson

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Politics
Unlike many topics in international relations, a large number of models characterize interstate rivalry termination processes. But many of these models tend to focus on different parts of ... More

Constructivism  

Friedrich Kratochwil

Online publication date:
May 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Politics
Constructivism in the social sciences has known several ups and downs over the last decades. It was rather early successful in sociology but hotly contested in international relations. ... More

Constructivist Analyses of Foreign Policy  

David Houghton

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Politics
Most constructivist work in IR has attempted to account for very general outcomes in the international system, most notably the well-known research of Alexander Wendt. Whether we live in a ... More

The Content and Effect of Political Advertising in U.S. Campaigns  

Matthew P. Motta and Erika Franklin Fowler

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Politics
Political advertising, especially negative advertising, is a prominent feature of contemporary political campaigns in the United States. Campaigns use advertising strategically to persuade ... More

Contextualism in Normative Political Theory  

Sune Lægaard

Online publication date:
Oct 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Politics
Contextualism denotes a set of ideas about the importance of attention to context. The topic of the article is contextualism in normative political theory/philosophy, in relation to the ... More

Corporate Lobbying in Foreign Policy  

Amy Skonieczny

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Politics
More Americans than ever before believe that money in politics weakens our democracy. Public opinion polls show that the number of people who believe that the country is run by a few big ... More

The Council of Ministers of the European Union  

Jeffrey Lewis

Online publication date:
May 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Politics
The Council of Ministers, officially known as the Council of the European Union (EU), is a single legal composition of national ministers who meet in policy-specific formations to ... More

Counterfactuals and Foreign Policy Analysis  

Richard Ned Lebow

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Politics
Counterfactuals seek to alter some feature or event of the pass and by means of a chain of causal logic show how the present might, or would, be different. Counterfactual inquiry—or ... More

Coup-Proofing and Civil War  

Jun Koga Sudduth

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Politics
Political leaders face threats to their power from within and outside the regime. Leaders can be removed via a coup d’état undertaken by militaries that are part of the state apparatus. At ... More

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