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Anarchy in International Relations  

Silviya Lechner

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
International Studies
The concept of anarchy is seen as the cardinal organizing category of the discipline of International Relations (IR), which differentiates it from cognate disciplines such as Political ... More

Biopower and International Relations  

Angélica Guerra-Barón

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
International Studies
Michel Foucault’s critical approach to understanding power has become very influential in the study of global politics, especially in the work of (critical) IR scholars. The Foucauldian ... More

Challenges to Traditional International Relations Theory Posed by Environmental Change  

Hugh Dyer

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
International Studies
Changes in the environment can impact international relations theory, despite enjoying only a limited amount of attention from scholars of the discipline. The sorts of influence that may ... More

Compliance With International Law  

Jana von Stein

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
International Studies
If there is no authority higher than the state, why do governments ever abide by the pacts they make with each other? For some, the answer is simple: states only respect agreements that ... More

Conflict Escalation  

Richard Bösch

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
International Studies
Even though most conflicts in everyday life manifest themselves as cursory bagatelles, there are conflicts that end up in situations of organized, collective violence (e.g., armed ... More

Critical Theory: International Relations' Engagement With the Frankfurt School and Marxism  

Faruk Yalvaç

Print publication date:
Dec 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
International Studies
Critical international relations theory (CIRT) is not only an academic approach but also an emancipatory project committed to the formation of a more equal and just world. It seeks to ... More

Deterrence and Crisis Bargaining  

Vesna Danilovic and Joe Clare

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
International Studies
Several strands of research on deterrence and crisis behavior were developed within different disciplinary, intellectual, and methodological traditions. Although sometimes coexisting as ... More

Developing Countries and International Law  

Shirley V. Scott

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
International Studies
The most fundamental characteristic of a developing state is that its income, usually calculated as gross national product (GNP) per capita, is relatively low in comparison with that of an ... More

Economics and Conflict: Moving beyond Conjectures and Correlations  

Gerald Schneider

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
International Studies
The theoretical and empirical literature on the reciprocal topics of economy and war have developed a fertile debate. Most contributions examine the liberal hope that growing economic ... More

Electronic Commerce  

Sarah Cleeland Knight and Catherine L. Mann

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
International Studies
Electronic commerce (or e-commerce) is the purchase or sale of goods or services over any kind of computer network. Possible networks include the Internet; an extranet, which is a private ... More

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