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  • Latin American History x

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Agrarian Reform in Bolivia in the 20th and 21st Centuries  

Carmen Soliz

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Latin American History
Until the 1950s, the distribution of land in Bolivia, as in the rest of Latin America, was very unequal. But in 1953, a year after the 1952 national revolution, the nationalist ... More

Agrarian Revolt in the Sierra of Chihuahua  

Elizabeth A. Henson

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Latin American History
On September 23, 1965, several years of protest, including land invasions, strikes, sit-ins, and cross-country marches, culminated in an armed attack on an army base located in the remote ... More

Agricultural Transformations in Sugarcane and Labor in Brazil  

Thomas D. Rogers

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Latin American History
The Portuguese took sugarcane from their Atlantic island holdings to Brazil in the first decades of the 16th century, using their model of extensive agriculture and coerced labor to turn ... More

Alcohol in the Atlantic  

David Carey Jr.

Online publication date:
Apr 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Latin American History
Dating from the earliest times in Latin America, alcohol has played a crucial social, economic, political, and cultural role. Often reserved for politico-religious leaders, alcohol was a ... More

Alfred Métraux: Between Ethnography and Applied Knowledge  

Rodrigo Bulamah

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Latin American History
Alfred Métraux was part of a prolific moment in which French sociology and ethnology were enlarging their scientific scope and advancing toward new fields. Following the colonial expansion ... More

Alien Sightings and OVNI Culture in Argentina  

David M. K. Sheinin

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Latin American History
During the Cold War, there were thousands of Unidentified Flying Object (UFO) sightings in Argentina (in Spanish, Objeto volador no identificado or OVNI). The mainstream media reported on ... More

Alliance for Progress  

Stephen G. Rabe

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Latin American History
On March 13, 1961, President John F. Kennedy announced the Alliance for Progress, an economic assistance program to promote political democracy, economic growth, and social justice in ... More

The Alphabetic Colonization of Amerindian Oral Ecologies in Early Brazil  

Diogo de Carvalho Cabral

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Latin American History
Although it has received less scholarly attention than firearms, microbes, domestic animals and plants, market economy, and statecraft, alphabetic reading and writing was crucial in the ... More

Animals in Latin American History  

Germán Vergara

Online publication date:
May 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Latin American History
The evolutionary history of vertebrate nonhuman animals such as mammals in what is now Latin America extends back tens of millions of years. Given that anatomically modern humans first ... More

Architecture in Mexico City, 1940–1980  

Kathryn E. O’Rourke

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Latin American History
Architecture in Mexico City in the mid-20th century was shaped by rapid economic and urban growth, demographic change, new construction technologies, and politics. Architects adapted ... More

Argentine Intellectual Circles and the European Crisis of the 1930s  

Jorge Nállim

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Latin American History
Beginning in the second half of the 19th century, Argentina became closely linked to the North Atlantic world, as the founding fathers of the modern state established a political order ... More

The Association of Communitarian Health Services (ASECSA) and the Role of Religion and Health in Central America  

Susan Fitzpatrick-Behrens

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Latin American History
The Association of Communitarian Health Services (ASECSA) is a transnational, religiously influenced health program in Central America created during the Cold War. ASECSA was founded in ... More

Atoms for Peace in Latin America  

Gisela Mateos and Edna Suárez-Díaz

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Latin American History
On December 8, 1953, in the midst of increasing nuclear weapons testing and geopolitical polarization, United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower launched the Atoms for Peace initiative. ... More

Atrocity, Race, and Region in the Early Haitian Revolution: The Fond d’Icaque Rising  

David Geggus

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Latin American History
Set within a larger analysis of class relations in the Haitian Revolution, this is a microhistory that intersects with several important themes in the revolution: rumor, atrocity, the ... More

The Autonomous Department of Press and Publicity (Departamento Autónomo de Prensa y Publicidad)  

Ana Laura de la Torre

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Latin American History
The Autonomous Department of Press and Publicity (DAPP) created by Lazaro Cardenas’s administration responded to the need for a fixed ideological framework that would allow for the ... More

Aztec Apocalypse, 1519–1521  

Ross Hassig

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Latin American History
The Conquest of Mexico is typically explained in terms of European military superiority, and although this offered an advantage to the forces arrayed against the Aztecs, it was merely part ... More

Basques in the Atlantic World, 1450–1824  

Xabier Lamikiz

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Latin American History
Basques formed a minority ethnic group whose diaspora had a significant impact on the history of colonial Latin America. Basques from the four Spanish or peninsular Basque territories—the ... More

Benito Juárez and Liberalism  

Guy Thomson

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Latin American History
Benito Juárez was born on March 21, 1806, in San Pablo Guelatao, a Zapotec-speaking hamlet in Sierra de Ixtlán (renamed the Sierra de Juárez on July 30, 1857) in Mexico’s southeastern ... More

Biography of a Colonial Document  

Sylvia Sellers-García

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Latin American History
What can we learn about the documents we work with if we incorporate a study of document creation, travel, and storage into the consideration of document content? Some well-known ... More

Black Associational Politics in 20th-Century Brazil  

Petrônio Domingues

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Latin American History
The population of African descent in Brazil has always maintained vibrant associative communities, whether in the form of mutual aid societies, confraternities, and religious brotherhoods ... More

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