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  • Natural Hazard Science x

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Adapting to Climate Sensitive Hazards through Architecture  

Allison Hoadley Anderson

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Natural Hazard Science
In architecture, mitigation reduces the magnitude of climate change by reducing demand for resources; anticipatory adaptation improves performance against hazards; and planned adaptation ... More

Agency Coordination and Cross-Sector Collaboration in Fragile States  

Abdul-Akeem Sadiq and Jenna Tyler

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Natural Hazard Science
Despite myriad descriptions and indicators used to define a fragile state, the international community has come to an agreement that a fragile state lacks the ability to maintain physical ... More

Agenda Setting and Natural Hazards  

Rob A. DeLeo

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Natural Hazard Science
Agenda setting describes the process through which issues are selected for consideration by a decision-making body. Among the myriad of issues policymakers can consider, few are more ... More

Assessment and Adaptation to Climate Change-Related Flood Risks  

Brenden Jongman, Hessel C. Winsemius, Stuart A. Fraser, Sanne Muis, and Philip J. Ward

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Natural Hazard Science
The flooding of rivers and coastlines is the most frequent and damaging of all natural hazards. Between 1980 and 2016, total direct damages exceeded $1.6 trillion, and at least 225,000 ... More

Benefit-Cost Analysis of Economic Resilience Actions  

Adam Rose

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Natural Hazard Science
Economic resilience, in its static form, refers to utilizing remaining resources efficiently to maintain functionality of a household, business, industry, or entire economy ... More

Bureaucratic Policymaking on Natural Hazards  

Kristin O'Donovan

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Natural Hazard Science
Bureaucratic politics, discretion, and decision-making for natural hazards governance present an important challenge of the use of autonomous bureaucratic discretion in the absence of ... More

Challenges for Natural Hazard and Risk Management in Mountain Regions of Europe  

Margreth Keiler and Sven Fuchs

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Natural Hazard Science
European mountain regions are diverse, from gently rolling hills to high mountain areas, and from low populated rural areas to urban regions or from communities dependent on agricultural ... More

Children, Youth, and Disaster  

Alice Fothergill

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Natural Hazard Science
Children and youth are greatly affected by disasters, and as climate instability leads to more weather-related disasters, the risks to the youngest members of societies will continue to ... More

Climatology of Flooding in the United States  

Gabriele Villarini and Louise Slater

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Natural Hazard Science
Flood losses in the United States have increased dramatically over the course of the past century, averaging US$7.96 billion in damages per year for the 30-year period ranging from 1985 to ... More

Collaboration and Cross-Sector Coordination for Humanitarian Assistance in a Disaster Recovery Setting  

David Sanderson

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Natural Hazard Science
While known to be important and essential for improved effectiveness and efficiency, cross-sector coordination and collaboration among different actors engaged in postdisaster recovery is ... More

Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction  

Rajib Shaw

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Natural Hazard Science
Community-based approaches existed even before the existence of the state and its formal governance structure. People and communities used to help and take care of each other’s disaster ... More

Corruption and the Governance of Disaster Risk  

David Alexander

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Natural Hazard Science
This article considers how corruption affects the management of disaster mitigation, relief, and recovery. Corruption is a very serious and pervasive issue that affects all countries and ... More

Debris-Flow Risk Assessment  

Matthias Jakob, Kris Holm, and Scott McDougall

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Natural Hazard Science
Debris flows are one of the most destructive landslide processes worldwide, given their ubiquity in mountainous areas occupied by human settlement or industrial facilities around the ... More

Disaster and Emergency Planning for Preparedness, Response, and Recovery  

David Alexander

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Natural Hazard Science
Emergency and disaster planning involves a coordinated, co-operative process of preparing to match urgent needs with available resources. The phases are research, writing, dissemination, ... More

Disaster and Response in an Experiment Called New Orleans, 1700s–2000s  

Richard Campanella

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Natural Hazard Science
As an urbanized river-dominated delta, New Orleans, Louisiana, ranks among the most experimental of cities, a test of whether the needs of a stable human settlement can coexist with the ... More

Disasters and Large-Scale Population Dislocations: International and National Responses  

Anthony Oliver-Smith

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Natural Hazard Science
Large-scale displacement takes place in the context of disaster because the threat or occurrence of hazard onset makes the region of residence of a population uninhabitable, either ... More

Disaster Volunteers  

Brenda Phillips

Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Natural Hazard Science
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Earthquakes in Political, Economic, and Cultural History  

Andrew Robinson

Online publication date:
May 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Natural Hazard Science
The immediate aftermath of a great urban earthquake is a dramatic and terrible event, comparable to a massive terrorist attack. Yet the shocking impact soon fades from the public mind and ... More

Economic and Business Recovery  

Joanne Stevenson, Ilan Noy, Garry McDonald, Erica Seville, and John Vargo

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Natural Hazard Science
The economics of disasters is a relatively new and emerging branch of economics. Advances made in analysis, including modeling the spatial economic impacts of disasters, is increasing our ... More

Evolution of Strategic Flood Risk Management in Support of Social Justice, Ecosystem Health, and Resilience  

Paul Sayers

Online publication date:
May 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Natural Hazard Science
Throughout history, flood management practice has evolved in response to flood events. This heuristic approach has yielded some important incremental shifts in both policy and planning ... More

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