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Acquired Brain Injury (Stroke and TBI) in Later Life  

Megan S. Barker, Emily C. Gibson, and Gail A. Robinson

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Psychology
The term “acquired brain injury” refers to any type of brain damage that occurs after birth. Two main types of acquired brain injury are stroke and traumatic brain injury (TBI). A stroke ... More

Action Regulation Theory  

Hannes Zacher

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Psychology
Action regulation theory is a meta-theory on the regulation of goal-directed behavior. The theory explains how workers regulate their behavior through cognitive processes, including goal ... More

ADHD in Children and Adolescents  

Kelsey E. Woods, Christina M. Danko, and Andrea Chronis-Tuscano

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Psychology
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by developmentally inappropriate levels of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and/or inattention. ... More

Ageism in the Workplace  

David M. Cadiz, Amy C. Pytlovany, and Donald M. Truxillo

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Psychology
The population is aging in most industrialized nations around the world, and this trend is anticipated to continue well into the future. This demographic shift impacts the workforce in ... More

Aging Couples: Benefits and Costs of Long Intimate Relations  

Victoria I. Michalowski, Denis Gerstorf, and Christiane A. Hoppmann

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Psychology
Aging does not occur in isolation, but often involves significant others such as spouses. Whether such dyadic associations involve gains or losses depends on a myriad of factors, including ... More

Aging Workforce Issues from a Multilevel Approach  

Lale M. Yaldiz, Franco Fraccaroli, and Donald M. Truxillo

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Psychology
The proportion of older people in the industrialized workforce is increasing owing to the aging of the baby-boom generation, improved health in industrialized countries, changing ... More

Alcohol Abuse and Drug Use in Sport and Performance  

Matthew P. Martens

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Psychology
Issues associated with athletics, alcohol abuse, and drug use continue to be salient aspects of popular culture. These issues include high-profile athletes experiencing public incidents as ... More

An Applied Approach to Psychology of Sustainability  

Robert G. Jones

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Psychology
Based on current earth science findings, survival of our species will rely on better management of our relationships with the environmental system in which we reside. Accomplishing this ... More

Arousal Control in Sport  

Martin Turner and Marc Jones

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Psychology
Sport and stress are intertwined. Muhammad Ali once said, “I always felt pressure before a big fight, because what was happening was real.” As this quote attests, sport is real, ... More

Attentional Processes in Sport and Performance  

Aidan Moran and John Toner

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Psychology
We are constantly bombarded by information. Therefore, during every waking moment of our lives, we face decisions about which stimuli to prioritize and which ones to ignore. To complicate ... More

Attitudes  

Lukas J. Wolf, Geoff Haddock, and Greg Maio

Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Psychology
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Autism Spectrum Disorders in Later Life  

Ye In (Jane) Hwang and Julian Trollor

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Psychology
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), or autism, is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is typically recognized and diagnosed in childhood. There is no established biological marker for autism; ... More

Automatic Regulation Used in Sport and Exercise Research  

Amanda L. Rebar

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Psychology
Much of our sport and physical activity behavior is regulated by processes occurring outside of conscious awareness. In contrast, most sport and physical activity research focuses on ... More

Awareness of Aging Processes  

Anne Josephine Dutt, Hans-Werner Wahl, and Manfred Diehl

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Psychology
The term Awareness of Aging (AoA) incorporates all aspects of individuals’ perceptions, behavioral experiences, and subjective interpretations related to their process of growing older. In ... More

Biodiversity Metrics in Lifespan Developmental Methodology  

Lizbeth Benson and Nilam Ram

Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Psychology
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology. Please check back later for the full article. In ... More

Blood Pressure as a Biomarker in Gerontological Research  

Thomas M. Hess, Erica L. O'Brien, and Claire M. Growney

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Psychology
Blood pressure is a frequently used measure in studies of adult development and aging, serving as a biomarker for health, physiological reactivity, and task engagement. Importantly, it has ... More

Bullying in Sport and Performance Psychology  

Leslee A. Fisher and Lars Dzikus

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Psychology
Bullying is a growing problem in sport and performance settings. Bullying falls under the umbrella of “athlete maltreatment,” which includes any form of harm and all relationships where ... More

Burnout in Sport and Performance  

Robert C. Eklund and J.D. Defreese

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Psychology
Athlete burnout is a cognitive-affective syndrome characterized by perceptions of emotional and physical exhaustion, reduced accomplishment, and devaluation of sport. A variety of ... More

Capacity Assessment Across Functional Domains in Later Life  

Benjamin T. Mast and Diana DiGasbarro

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Psychology
Clinicians conduct capacity evaluations to determine an older adult’s ability to make and execute a decision within key domains of functioning. Questions of capacity often arise when an ... More

Caregiving Issues for Older Adults  

Andres Losada

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Psychology
Caring for an older adult who needs help or supervision is in many cases associated with mental and physical health issues, especially if the care recipient has dementia, although positive ... More

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