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Abhisamayālaṃkāra (Ornament for Clear Realization)  

James B. Apple

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
The Abhisamayālaṃkāra (Ornament for clear realization) is an instructional treatise on the Prajñāpāramitā, or Perfect Wisdom, whose authorship is traditionally attributed to Maitreyanātha ... More

African American Islam  

Herbert Berg

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
The first Muslims arrived in the American colonies and later in the United States as African slaves. Although a few and noteworthy Muslim American slaves left written records of their ... More

African Americans and Religion  

Sylvester A. Johnson

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
Beginning with trans-Atlantic slavery, which forced hundreds of thousands of people into what is presently the United States, religion among African Americans consistently featured a ... More

Afterlife in American Religion  

Kathryn Gin Lum

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
Heaven and hell have survived in the United States beyond scientific critiques of the supernatural. For many Americans, the promise of eternal rewards and the threat of everlasting ... More

Agency, Voluntarism, and Predestination in American Religion  

Peter J. Thuesen

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
In the free marketplace of religious ideas that is the United States, Americans have disagreed over many things. The form of church government, the proper way to worship, the extent of the ... More

The Alawis  

Stephan Procházka

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
The ʿAlawis are adherents of an Islamic sect, the origin of which can be traced back to 9th-century Iraq. They are an offshoot of early Shiah Islam with ancient Iranian, Christian, and ... More

The Alevis  

Gisela Procházka-Eisl

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
The Alevis are a religious community on the periphery of Shia Islam. The name “Alevi” means “Adherents of ʿAli,” alluding to Muhammad’s son-in-law and cousin ʿAli ibn Abi Talib, who enjoys ... More

Alternative Religious Movements and Race in America  

Emily Suzanne Clark

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
Alternative religious movements have played a significant role in American history. There is no easy definition for these types of groups; their ideas and practices vary. One clear ... More

American Narratives of Sin and Salvation  

W. Clark Gilpin

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
Sin and salvation, as an interconnected pair of ideas, imply that human life as it is ordinarily lived has been diverted from its true good or distorted from its proper form. Taken ... More

The Anabaptist Tradition: Mennonites  

John D. Rempel

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Religion
Anabaptism and its descendant movement, Mennonitism, came into being through the illegal baptism of believers upon confession of faith. Anabaptist worship was characterized by form and ... More

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