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Science and Innovation Policy  

Cristina Chaminade and Bengt-Åke Lundvall

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Social Movements and Their Impact on Business and Management  

Sarah A. Soule

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Do the activities of social movements (e.g., public protest, shareholder activism, boycotts, and sabotage) impact businesses, and if so, how do they impact businesses? When confronted by ... More

Social Norms in Organizations  

Jennifer E. Dannals and Dale T. Miller

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Social norms are a powerful force in organizations. While different literatures across fields have developed differing definitions and categories, social norms are commonly defined as and ... More

Strategic Flexibility and Competitive Advantage  

Kathryn Rudie Harrigan

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Concerns regarding strategic flexibility arose from companies’ need to survive excess capacity and flagging sales in the face of previously unforeseen competitive conditions. Strategic ... More

Strategic Planning in the Public Sector  

John Bryson and Lauren Hamilton Edwards

Strategic planning has become a fairly routine and common practice at all levels of government in the United States and elsewhere. It can be part of the broader practice of strategic ... More

The Swiss Watch Industry  

Pierre-Yves Donzé

The Swiss watch industry has enjoyed uncontested domination of the global market for more than two decades. Despite high costs and high wages, Switzerland is the home of most of the ... More

Tracking the Entrepreneurial Process with the Panel Study of Entrepreneurial Dynamics (PSED) Protocol  

Paul D. Reynolds

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
In the early 1990s business creation was receiving a great deal of attention after it was clear that new firms were a major source of job creation. There was not, however, reliable data on ... More

Transaction Cost Economics as a Theory of the Firm, Management, and Governance  

Mikko Ketokivi and Joseph T. Mahoney

Which components should a manufacturing firm make in-house, which should it co-produce, and which should it outsource? Who should sit on the firm’s board of directors? What is the right ... More

University Technology Commercialization  

Kathleen R. Allen

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
For decades researchers have studied various aspects of the technology transfer and commercialization process in universities in hopes of discovering effective methods for enabling more ... More

Vertical Integration and the Theory of the Firm  

Jongwook Kim

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Women in the Upper Echelons: Women on Corporate Boards and in Top Management Teams  

Jihae You, Siri Terjesen, and Diana Bilimoria

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
In light of the growing number of women in the upper echelons, it is necessary to integrate and synthesize research on women at the top of corporations. The extant literature occurs in ... More

Work-Family Conflict and Work-Life Conflict  

Ellen Ernst Kossek and Kyung-Hee Lee

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Work-family and work-life conflict are forms of inter-role conflict that occur when the energy, time, or behavioral demands of the work role conflicts with family or personal life roles. ... More

Workplace Deviance  

Rebecca J. Bennett, Shelly Marasi, and Lauren Locklear

Online publication date:
May 2018
The history of workplace deviance research has evolved from a focus on singular behaviors, such as theft or withdrawal in the 1970s and 1980s, to the broader focus on a range of behaviors ... More

Workplace Dishonesty and Deception as Socially Situated Organizational Behavior  

Keith Leavitt and David M. Sluss

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Truthfulness and accuracy are critical for effective organizational functioning, but dishonesty (in the form of lying, misrepresentation, and fraud) continue to be pervasive in ... More

Workplace Identity Construction: An Intersectional-Identity-Cultural Lens  

Lize A. E. Booysen

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
With the development of an integrated cross-disciplinary framework to study workplace identity construction, the current theoretical discussion on workplace identity construction is ... More

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