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Berenice(4), daughter of M. Iulius Agrippa I, b. 28 CE

Berenice (4) (b. 28 ce), daughter of M. Iulius Agrippa I, was married to Marcus, brother of Ti. Iulius Alexander in 41, and then in 46 to her uncle Herod, king of Chalcis. From his death (48) she lived with her brother, M. Iulius Agrippa II. To quieten rumours of incest, she persuaded Polemon, priest-king of Olba in Cilicia, to marry her (53/54), but the marriage did not last long. She played some part in public affairs: in 66 she tried, at first single-handed and then with Agrippa, to prevent the Jewish Revolt, and in 69, in Agrippa's absence, she supported the Flavian cause. Titus fell in love with her while he was in Judaea (67–70), and when she visited Rome with Agrippa (75) he openly lived with her, perhaps for some years. He deferred, however, to public opinion and did not marry her, and on his accession (79) he dismissed her with regret on both sides (Suet. Tit. 7) and ignored her when she visited Rome again.

Bibliography

J. A. Crook, American Journal of Philology 1951, 162 ff.Find this resource:

    D. Braund, Historia, Zeitschrift für alte Geschichte 1984, 20 ff.Find this resource:

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