Alcamenes, Athenian (or Lemnian) sculptor, fl. C. 440–400 BCE
Phidias' favourite pupil, he made numerous statues of divinities in Athens and Boeotia, in gold and ivory, bronze, and marble. The sole survivor, from the Acropolis, is a group of Procne preparing to kill Itys, which Pausanias (1. 24. 3) says he dedicated. Copies exist of his Hermes Propylaeus and Hecate Epipyrgidia, also for the Acropolis, establishing him as a pioneer of the archaizing style (see retrospective styles). Pausanias (5. 10. 8) also gives him the west pediment of the temple of Zeus at Olympia, carved in the 460s, but this is presumably a mistake: for a solution to the problem, see paeonius. Val. Max. 8. 11, ext. 3 describes his bronze Hephaestus in the Hephaesteion at Athens, but attempts to identify it and its accompanying Athena in copy remain controversial.