Terramara derives from the Emilian dialect expression (‘terra marna’) for the fertile black soil that first brought a distinctive type of settlement site to the notice of 19th-cent. Italian archaeologists. It has given its name to an important culture of the Italian middle and late bronze age (c.1700–1150
The terramara settlements consisted of hut villages, often enclosed by a bank and ditch. Although some of them were clearly raised deliberately above the flood level of the surrounding plain, modern excavation suggests that the terramara sites were not restricted to low-lying areas; the relationship between the terramara sites and the palafitte (lake villages) to the north is not wholly clear.Less
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