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age  

Robert Garland

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The division of life into age-groups was prominently adhered to in antiquity, though there was considerable disagreement as to their precise identification. The Pythagorean philosophers (see ... More

age classes  

Robert Sallares

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A method of social and political organization in *Sparta and Crete in the Classical period. Traces of analogous institutions in other Greek states permit the hypothesis that age-class systems played ... More

Agennius Urbicus  

Brian Campbell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Agennius Urbicus, writer on surveying (see gromatici) produced commentary on *Frontinus' treatise On Land Disputes.

Agenor, Phoenician king  

A. Schachter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
When his daughter, *Europa, disappeared, he sent his sons—*Phoenix (1), Cilix, and *Cadmus—to find her. They failed (*Zeus having abducted her to Crete), but founded respectively the Phoenician and ... More

agentes in rebus  

Arnold Hugh Martin Jones and R. S. O. Tomlin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The detested frumentarii (see postal service) were abolished by *Diocletian, but were soon replaced by ‘agents’ perhaps purposely ill-defined, who likewise served as couriers between the court ... More

ager publicus  

Andrew Dominic Edwards Lewis

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Roman Law
Ager publicus, public land, comprised lands acquired by Rome by conquest from her enemies or confiscation from rebellious allies. By tradition there was, as early as the 5th cent. bce, dispute ... More

Agesilaus II, Spartan king of the Eurypontid house, c. 445–359 BCE  

Paul Cartledge

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Agesilaus II (c. 445–359 bce), Spartan king of the junior, *Eurypontid line. Son of *Archidamus II by his second wife, he was not expected to succeed his older half-brother *Agis II and so went ... More

Agiads  

Paul Cartledge

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Greek Law
The Agiads were the senior royal house at Sparta, descended mythically from the elder of Heraclid twins (Hdt. 6. 52; see heracles); the junior was known as the *Eurypontids. The origins of ... More

Agis II, Spartan king of the Eurypontid house, c. 427–400 BCE  

Paul Cartledge

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
(the first to be given a name belonging naturally to the *Agiads) from c.427 to 400 bce; he was son of *Archidamus II by his first wife. He achieved widespread prominence in 418, as nominal victor of ... More

Agis III, Spartan king, 338–330? BCE  

Albert Brian Bosworth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Agis III, king of Sparta (338–?330 bce), *Eurypontid. Ascending the throne at a time of humiliation, when Sparta had lost her borderlands to *Philip (1) II of Macedon, he devoted himself ... More

Agis IV, c. 262–241 BCE  

Paul Cartledge

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Agis IV (c. 262–241 bce), son of Eudamidas, ascended the *Eurypontid throne in c. 244, at a time of domestic crisis. Concentration of estates in a few hands, heavy indebtedness of the majority, ... More

Aglaurus  

Emily Kearns

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Daughter of the Athenian king *Cecrops, Aglaurus makes her best-known appearance in myth and art alongside *Pandrosus and Herse; disobeying *Athena's instructions, the sisters opened the ... More

Agnodice  

Helen King

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Appears in *Hyginus (3) (Fab.274) in a list of discoverers and inventors. She is described as an Athenian girl who lived at a time when there were no *midwives, because women and slaves ... More

agōgē  

Stephen Hodkinson and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The Spartan public upbringing (never in fact so-called in surviving writers of the 5th and 4th cents. bce). Its reconstruction is bedevilled by poor and conflicting sources and modern debate over how ... More

agōnes  

Stephen Instone and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
(1) The term agōn (ἀγών) and its derivatives can denote the informal and extempore competitive struggles and rivalries that permeated Greek life in the general fight for success and ... More

Agonium  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Agonium, name for 9 January, 17 March, 21 May, and 11 December in the Roman calendar; also Agonalia (Ov. Fast. 1. 324; possibly Agnalia at 1. 325), Agonia (Varro, Ling. 6. 14), and Dies agonales ... More

agora  

Richard Allan Tomlinson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Greek term for an area where people gather together, most particularly for the political functions of the *polis, normally sited centrally in cities (as at *Priene), or at least central to the street ... More

Agoracritus, Parian sculptor  

Andrew F. Stewart

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Agoracritus, Parian sculptor, active c. 440–400 bce. A pupil of *Phidias, he made a bronze Athena Itonia and Zeus/Hades for *Coronea in Boeotia, a marble Mother of the Gods for the Metroon in the ... More

agoranomoi  

Arnold Wycombe Gomme and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Greek Law
Agoranomoi, overseers of the *market, an office known in many Greek states. In Athens there were ten, five for the city and five for the *Piraeus. They kept order in the market, saw to the quality of ... More

agrarian laws and policy  

Andrew Lintott

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Roman Law
Allocation of land by the community is attested in the Greek world at the times of new city foundations (colonies; see colonization, greek), and when land was annexed (*cleruchies). There is also ... More

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