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alae  

Brian Campbell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
In the republic alae sociorum were two bodies of Roman allies, including cavalry and infantry, each equivalent in size to a *legion, which fought on the wings (alae) of the battle-line. After the ... More

Alamanni  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alamanni (Alemanni), a loose concentration of *Germanic communities, under various petty kings, located on former Roman territory west of the Rhine and north of the Danube in the 3rd and later ... More

Alans  

Peter Heather

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alans, *nomadic pastoralists who lived in the northern *Pontus in the early cents. ce, operating politically in a number of separate subgroups. They often tried to cross the Caucasus—*Arrian, when ... More

Alaric  

Peter Heather

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Alaric, Gothic leader c. 395–410 ce who created the *Visigoths. By 408 he had united the Tervingi and Greuthungi who had crossed the Danube in 376 with survivors of Radagaisus' force which ... More

Alastor  

Herbert Jennings Rose, B. C. Dietrich, and Alan A. D. Peatfield

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alastor, avenging deity or *daimōn, typically pursuing (there may be an etymological connexion with ἐλαύνειν, the form ἐλάστερος being also found) and punishing a killer or his kin. Similar words are ... More

Alba Fucens  

T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alba Fucens, a Latin colony of 6,000 (see ius latii) founded by Rome in 303 bce, on a hill above the Fucine lake (see fucinus lacus) in central Italy. It was connected to Rome by the *via ... More

Alba Longa  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alba Longa, on the *Albanus mons, near modern Castel Gandolfo, traditionally founded c.1152 bce by *Ascanius (Aen. 3. 390 f.), and supposed founder of other Latin cities. There are rich cemeteries of ... More

Albania, Transcaucasian  

David C. Braund

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Albania (Transcaucasian), the land between *Iberia and the *Caspian, to the north of *Media Atropatene: it now lies largely within northern Azerbaijan and Daghestan. Albania comprises an ... More

Albanus lacus  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Albanus lacus (mod. Lago Albano), ‘Alban Lake’, a crater lake in the *Albanus mons near Rome. Its wooded banks in imperial times were studded with *villas, e.g. *Domitian's. Lacking natural outlets, ... More

Albanus mons  

Edward Togo Salmon and D. W. R. Ridgway

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Albanus mons, the Alban hills and more specifically their dominating peak (Monte Cavo, 950m. (3, 115 ft)), 21km. (13 mi.) south-east of Rome. Until c.1150 bce the Albanus mons was an ... More

Albinovanus, Celsus  

Edward Courtney

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Albinovanus, Celsus, secretary of *Tiberius, whom he accompanied to Armenia in 21–20 bce, and friend of *Horace (Epist. 1. 3. 15–20, 8. 1), who gently rebukes him for writing excessively ... More

Albinovanus Pedo  

Edward Courtney

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Albinovanus Pedo, a well-known wit and raconteur (Sen. Ep. 122. 15; Quint. Inst. 9. 3. 61) who exercised his wit in writing epigrams; *Martial often mentions him as one of his models. He ... More

Albinus (1), Platonist philosopher  

John Dillon

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Albinus (1) Platonist philosopher, pupil of *Gaius (2). Taught at Smyrna, where Galen heard him lecture in ce 151–2. The only extant writing which is certainly his is a brief preface to Plato's ... More

Albinus (2), writer on music, geometry, and dialectic  

Edward Courtney and R. A. Kaster

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Albinus (2) writer on music, geometry, and dialectic, probably identical with Ceionius Rufius Albinus (PLRE 1 ‘Albinus’ 14), the consul of ce 335, and perhaps with the poet of works ... More

Albion  

Eric Herbert Warmington and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Albion, ancient (Celtic or pre-Celtic) name for the largest of the British Isles, first recorded in the 1st cent. ce, by when it had been superseded (among Romans) by ‘Britannia’: ps.-Arist.Mund. ... More

Albucius, Titus, senator and orator  

Christian James Fordyce and M. T. Griffin

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Albucius, Titus senator and orator, who in youth had studied in Athens. *Lucilius (1) satirized the absurdities of his Graecomania (88–93 Marx), and *Cicero called him ‘learned in Greek letters, or ... More

Albucius Silus, Gaius  

M. Winterbottom

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Albucius Silus, Gaius, Augustan orator and teacher of rhetoric, from Novaria (Novara) in *Cisalpine Gaul. His life is summarized by Suetonius (Gram. et Rhet.30). The elder Seneca, who ... More

album  

Tim Cornell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
An album was a whitened board or tablet on which information could be published in writing. Such tablets were widely used in Roman public life, for example to publicize the *praetors' edicts. Album ... More

Albunea  

Stephen J. Harrison

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Albunea, sulphurous spring and stream near *Tibur with a famous waterfall, and its homonymous nymph (cf. Hor. Carm. 1. 7. 12), classed as a *Sibyl by *Varro (Lactant. Div. Inst. 1. 6. 12) ... More

Alcaeus (1), lyric poet  

C. Carey

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alcaeus (1) lyric poet, of *Mytilene on Lesbos. Probably born c.625–620 bce, since he was old enough to participate in the struggle against Athens for *Sigeum in the Troad in the last decade of the ... More

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