You are looking at  241-260 of 6,487 articles

View:

Alcaeus (2)  

Kenneth Dover and Christopher Pelling

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Is called by the Suda a comedian of the Old Comedy (see comedy (greek), old) (κωμικὸς τῆς ἀρχαίας κωμῳδίας) and author of ten plays. His Pasiphae took the fifth (last) prize in 388 bce ... More

Alcaeus (3), of Messene, fl. 200 BCE  

Alan Douglas Edward Cameron and Christopher Pelling

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alcaeus (3) of Messen (fl. 200 bce), author of 22 epigrams from the Garland of *Meleager (2) on various themes, notably political attacks on *Philip (3) V of Macedon (who replied to one of ... More

Alcamenes, Athenian (or Lemnian) sculptor, fl. C. 440–400 BCE  

Andrew F. Stewart

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
*Phidias' favourite pupil, he made numerous statues of divinities in Athens and Boeotia, in gold and ivory, bronze, and marble. The sole survivor, from the Acropolis, is a group of Procne ... More

Alcathous  

Alan H. Griffiths

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alcathous, son of *Pelops and *Hippodamia, was exiled from his homeland for fratricide; finding that the kingship of *Megara was on offer to whoever could kill the ferocious lion of ... More

Alcestis  

Ken Dowden

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alcestis, in mythology, daughter of *Pelias, wife of Admetus king of *Pherae (Thessaly), who is prepared to die in his place.Pelias promised Alcestis to whoever could yoke a lion and boar to a ... More

alchemy  

R. Halleux

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Of ancient texts on Greek alchemy there survive two papyri, three vast corpora of differing date and content, and a few isolated treatises. (a) Papyrus X from Leiden and the Stockholm papyrus can be ... More

Alcibiades, 451/450–404/403 BCE  

Henry Dickinson Westlake and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alcibiades (451/0–404/3 BCE), son of Cleinias, Athenian general and politician. Brought up in the household of his guardian *Pericles (1), he became the pupil and intimate friend of *Socrates. A ... More

Alcidamas, rhetorician and sophist, 4th cent. BCE  

M. B. Trapp

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alcidamas (4th cent. BCE), rhetorician and sophist, was born in Elaea in Aeolis, studied with *Gorgias (1) and taught in Athens. His professional rivalry with *Isocrates and his school emerges in On ... More

Alcidas  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alcidas, Spartan commander in the early part of the *Peloponnesian War, failed to help *Mytilene in its revolt from Athens 428–7 and treated prisoners brutally (Thuc. 3. 17, 29–33) so ... More

Alcinous (1)  

Herbert Jennings Rose

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alcinous (1) (Ἀλκίνοος), in mythology, son of Nausithous (Od. 7.63), husband of Arete, his niece (7. 66), king of the Phaeacians in Scheria (6. 12, etc.), father of *Nausicaa. He received ... More

Alcinous (2)  

John Dillon

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alcinous (2), accredited in the MSS as author of the Didaskalikos, or ‘Handbook of Platonism’, a summary of *Plato (1)'s doctrines designed as a handbook for the general public. He was long ... More

Alciphron  

M. B. Trapp

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alciphron, sophist (see second sophistic), whose Letters, supposedly written by Athenians of the 4th cent. bce (fishermen, farmers, ‘*parasites’, courtesans (*hetairai)) attest his wide reading in ... More

Alcmaeon (1), Greek mythical hero, son of Amphiarus and Eriphyle  

Christiane Sourvinou-Inwood

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alcmaeon (1), the son of *Amphiaraus and Eriphyle, who killed his mother in revenge for his father's death. Bribed by Polynices with the necklace of Harmonia, Eriphyle gave a judgement in favour of ... More

Alcmaeon (2), of Croton, Greek philosopher, 5th cent. BCE  

Gwilym Ellis Lane Owen and Malcolm Schofield

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Wrote a philosophical book dedicated to a group of Pythagoreans (see pythagoras (1)), and known to *Aristotle and *Theophrastus. It mostly concerned the nature of man. Alcmaeon explained ... More

Alcmaeonidae  

Rosalind Thomas

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alcmaeonidae, a noble Athenian family prominent in politics. Its first eminent member was Megacles, who as archon (see archontes), perhaps in 632/1 bce, involved it in a hereditary *curse (see ... More

Alcman, lyric poet, fl. mid-late 7th cent. BCE  

C. Carey

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
In *Sparta. His birthplace was disputed. Some believed him a *Laconian, while a number of ancient authors made him a *Lydian (Anth. Pal. 7. 18, 19, 709; Ael. VH 12. 50; Suda, entry under Ἀλκμάν, ... More

Alcmene  

Emily Kearns

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alcmene, mother of *Heracles. Her father was Electryon, who was accidentally killed by her husband *Amphitryon; she followed Amphitryon into exile in *Thebes (1), but refused to sleep with him until ... More

alcoholism, Greek  

John Maxwell O'Brien and Barney Rickenbacker

The ancient Greeks were unfamiliar with modern concepts of alcoholism, but they were well aware of self-destructive drinking and the effects of habitual drunkenness. In the Odyssey, *Homer makes a ... More

alcoholism, Roman  

John Maxwell O'Brien and Barney Rickenbacker

The ancient Romans were as interested in the harmful effects of excessive drinking and chronic intoxication as their Greek counterparts. In On the Nature of Things, *Lucretius writes that wine's fury ... More

Alesia  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alesia, a hill-fort of the Mandubii, modern Alise-Ste Reine, where, in 52 bce, Caesar besieged and captured *Vercingetorix. The site was not abandoned, but developed as a thriving ... More

View: