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Sotion (2), Peripatetic  

William David Ross and Robert Sharples

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Peripatetic, not earlier than ce 14. Works: Cornucopia; Strange Stories about rivers, springs, and pools (formerly identified with the surviving Paradoxographus Florentinus); Dioclean ... More

soul  

Christopher Rowe

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
The term in Greek nearest to English ‘soul’, ψυχή (psyche, Latin anima), has a long history and a wide variety of senses in both philosophical and non-philosophical contexts. In *Homer, the psyche is ... More

Speusippus, Athenian philosopher, c. 407–339 BCE  

Gwilym Ellis Lane Owen and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Speusippus (c. 407–339 bce), Athenianphilosopher, son of Eurymedon and of *Plato (1)'s sister Potone. He accompanied Plato on his last visit to Sicily (361) and succeeded him as head of the *Academy ... More

Sphaerus, of Borysthenes, b. c. 285 or 265– d. c. 221 BCE  

Julia Annas

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Sphaerus of Borysthene (b. c. 285 or 265, lived at least to 221 bce), Stoic (See stoicism), pupil of *Zeno (2) and *Cleanthes; adviser of the Spartan reforming king *Cleomenes (2) III, he also ... More

Staseas, of Naples  

William David Ross and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Staseas of Naples, the first *Peripatetic philosopher known to have settled in Rome. M. *Pupius Piso Frugi became his pupil c.92 bce. He is frequently mentioned by *Cicero. He seems to ... More

Stertinius, Stoic writer  

Edward Courtney

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A Stoic writer (See stoicism), alleged source in Hor.Sat. 2. 3 (see l. 296) said by [Helenius Acro] (on Hor.Epist. 1. 12. 20) to have written 220 books; the implication that these were in ... More

Sthenidas, of Locri Epizephyrii  

D. O'Meara

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Sthenidas of *Locri Epizephyrii, nominal author of a Neopythagorean work On Kingship (variously dated between the 3rd cent. bce and the 2nd cent. ce) which calls for the king to imitate ... More

Stilpon, of Megara, d. early 3rd cent. BCE  

D. Sedley

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Third and perhaps last head of the *Megarian school. He was a familiar and popular figure in Athens. His numerous pupils included *Zeno (2) the founder of Stoicism, *Menedemus (1) the ... More

Stoa Poecile  

Karim Arafat

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Known from over 50 literary testimonia, and excavated from 1981, it lies in the NW part of the Athenian Agora; see athens, topography. It measures 12.5 by c.36 m., made of various limestones, with ... More

Stoicism  

Julia Annas

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Stoicism, philosophical movement, founded by *Zeno (2) of Citium, who came to Athens in 313 bce, and, after studying with various philosophers, taught in his own right in the *Stoa Poecile ... More

Straton (1), of Lampsacus, philosopher  

David John Furley

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Straton (1) of *Lampsacus, philosopher, head of the *Peripatetic school after *Theophrastus until his death (c.287–269 bce). The preserved list of his books (Diog. Laert. 5. 59–60) ... More

suicide  

M. T. Griffin

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
The Latin word suicidium, from which the English derives, is not classical Latin: pronouns were not used as prefixes in compounds, and the word could only have meant ‘the killing of a ... More

Teles, Cynic philosopher, fl. c. 235 BCE  

William David Ross

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Teles (Τέλης) (fl. c. 235 BCE), *Cynic philosopher, probably of *Megara, is the oldest of the many authors of Cynic or Stoic (see stoicism) *diatribes (short ethical discussions), fragments of whose ... More

Thales of Miletus  

Charles H. Kahn

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Thales of Miletus, the most scientific member of the *Seven Sages, was credited in antiquity with the prediction of a solar *eclipse (Hdt. 1. 74. 2) that modern scholars have dated in 585 bce. He was ... More

Theages  

William David Ross

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Theages, pupil of *Socrates(1). *Plato(1) refers in the Republic (496b) to ‘the bridle of Theages’, the bad health which kept him out of politics and saved him for philosophy. On the basis ... More

Theano  

Vicki Lynn Harper

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Theano was probably the wife of *Pythagoras(1), possibly a daughter or disciple. She is said to have written a few things (Diog. Laert. 8. 43). Letters attributed to her and a fragment On Piety are ... More

Theologumena arithmeticae  

John Dillon

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
This work is anonymous in the manuscripts, but has been attributed to *Iamblichus(2), on the ground of his promise at the end of his On Nicomachus' Arithmetical Introduction (In Nic.) to write about ... More

Theon (2), of Smyrna, Platonist, fl. c. 115–140 CE  

John Dillon

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Theon (2) of *Smyrna (fl. c. 115–40 ce), Platonist (cf. plato(1)), author of an extant work, Aspects of Mathematics Useful for the Reading of Plato (Expos.), and of a lost commentary on the Republic. ... More

Theophrastus  

Robert Sharples

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Theophrastus of *Eresus in Lesbos, associate and successor of *Aristotle. In spite of a tradition that he had been a pupil of *Plato(1), it is probable that he first joined Aristotle when the latter ... More

Thrasymachus of Chalcedon, fl. c. 430–400 BCE  

William David Ross and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Thrasymachus of Chalcedon (fl. c. 430–400 bce), *sophist and rhetorician, is best known for his defence, in *Plato(1)'s Republic, of the thesis that justice is the interest of the ... More

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