Herbert Jennings Rose and John North
Arthur Stanley Pease and David Potter
Herbert Jennings Rose and Antony Spawforth
Frank William Walbank and Ernst Badian
Silvius, son of *Aeneas and Lavinia, father of Silvius Aeneas and ancestor of the Alban royal house of Silvii (Verg.Aen. 6. 760–7; Livy 1. 3). A legend due to the name, but unknown to Virgil, told that Lavinia, fearing the jealousy of *Ascanius, fled to the woods and there gave birth to her son (Dion. Hal. 1. 70).
H. S. Versnel
Herbert Jennings Rose and John Scheid
Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter
The isolated mountain 691 m. (2,267 ft.) high to the north of Rome, from which it is sometimes visible. Celebrated by *Horace (Odes 1. 9), there were priests here called Hirpi, resembling Roman Luperci (cf. Lupercalia). They worshipped *Apollo Soranus by walking over hot coals (Plin.
Herbert Jennings Rose and Simon Price
C. Robert Phillips
C. Robert Phillips and Antony Spawforth
Strenae, originally the luck-bringing (mostly laurel) twigs (from the grove of the goddess Strenia), also figs, honey-cakes, and dates; later any gifts, lamps, coins, and even gold, exchanged by the Romans (and accompanied by good wishes) on New Year's Day. In the case of the houses of the *rex sacrorum and the major *flamines, the temple of Vesta, and the curiae (see
Suovetaurilia (suovi-), a purificatory sacrifice at the conclusion of lustratio of three (generic) victims: pig, sheep, bull (sus, ovis, taurus). Suovetaurilia lactentia (‘suckling’) consisted of porcus, agnus, vitulus, male pig, lamb, calf (Cato, Agr. 141), and were employed at the *lustration of private fields. At public lustrations (at the census, of the army) the suovetaurilia maiora (‘greater’) were used consisting of full-grown victims, verres, aries, taurus, boar, ram, bull (Varro, Rust. 2. 1. 10; Livy 1. 44. 2; Acta fr. Arv. p. 143 Henzen). The term solitauriliaQuintilian (Inst. 1. 5. 67) regarded as a corruption of suovetaurilia; others (in antiquity and recently) have proposed various etymologies, none fully convincing.