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Alexandria (1)  

Dominic W. Rathbone

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alexandria (1) was founded by *Alexander (3) the Great in 331 bce when he took *Egypt from the Persians. It was developed principally by the first two Ptolemies, who made it the capital of their ... More

Alexandria (2), 'near Issus'  

Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alexandria (2) ‘near Issus’, close to Iskenderun (Alexandretta) on the gulf of Issus, a city founded by *Alexander (3) the Great or *Seleucus (1) I near the site of the battle (of *Issus) where ... More

Alexandria (3), 'of the Arachosians'  

Pierre Briant

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Alexandria (3) ‘of the Arachosians’, founded by *Alexander (3) the Great in 329 bce on the strategic site of the *Achaemenid capital of Arachosia (Old Kandahar). Besides a Graeco-Aramaic edict of ... More

Alexandria (4), 'of the Arians'  

Pierre Briant

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East

Alexandria (4) ‘of the Arians’, founded by *Alexander (3) the Great near Herat, on a different site from Artakoana. Important staging-point on route leading to Kandahar and India.

Alexandria (5) Eschate, 'the farthest'  

Pierre Briant

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Alexandria (5) Eschate (‘the farthest’), founded close to Cyreschata (mod. Leninabad/Khodjend) on the Syr-Darya (*Jaxartes), the largest of seven *‘Achaemenid' fortresses seized by ... More

Alexandria (6), 'among the Paropamisadae'  

Pierre Briant

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Alexandria (6) ‘among the Paropamisadae’, founded on the strategic site of Begram, about 80 km. (50 mi.) north of modern Kabul. (Also known as Alexandria under Caucasus, see Arrian Anab. 3. 28. 4 and ... More

Alexandria (7) Troas  

Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alexandria (7) Troas was originally founded in 310 bce as Antigoneia by *Antigonus (1) but renamed soon after by *Lysimachus. The site lies on the coast of *Troas opposite Tenedos, and ... More

Alexis, c. 375–c. 275 BCE  

Geoffrey Arnott

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alexis c. 375–c. 275 BCE, poet of Middle and New Comedy (see comedy (greek), middle and new), born at *Thurii (Sudaα 1138), but apparently living most of his long life in *Athens. He wrote 245 plays ... More

Alfenus Varus, Publius  

Ernst Badian and Tony Honoré

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alfenus Varus, Publius, suffect consul 39 bce. Born at *Cremona, he was the first Cisalpine to gain a consulship, and the only one under Augustus. (His son, consul ce 2, was presumably born in Rome, ... More

Alfenus Senecio, Lucius  

Anthony R. Birley

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alfenus Senecio, Lucius, from *Cuicul in Numidia, either the son of a procurator of the same names who became governor of Mauretania Caesariensis (see caesarea (3)), or perhaps identical with him—in ... More

Alfius  

Edward Courtney

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Wrote Libri rerum excellentium, a gallery of famous deeds in Roman history, in iambic dimeters. He seems to have lived in the first half of the 3rd cent. ce.

Algidus  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Algidus, the easternmost section of the outer edge of the *Albanus mons, famous for its temples of Diana and Fortune and its fashionable villas (Hor. Carm. saec. 69; Livy 21. 62; Sil. 12. 536). The ... More

alimenta  

John Percy Vyvian Dacre Balsdon and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The purpose of the alimentary foundations in the Roman empire was to give an allowance for feeding children, and this was achieved by the investment of capital in mortgage on land, the ... More

Alinda  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alinda (mod. Karpuzlu), town in *Caria (SW Asia Minor), possibly of great antiquity (the name may occur in Hittite documents). It paid tribute to the 5th-cent. Athenian empire (see delian ... More

Aliso  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aliso, a fort on or near the Lippe established during the wars of *Drusus, possibly the one mentioned by Cassius Dio (54. 33. 4) as set up in 11 bce ‘at the point where the Lupia and the Elison ... More

Allectus  

R. S. O. Tomlin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Allectus, probably finance minister (rationalis summae rei) of the usurper *Carausius, whom he succeeded by assassination in ce 293. His coinage and the archaeological evidence of ambitious ... More

allegory, Greek  

M. B. Trapp

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Elements of allegory are present in Greek literature from the earliest stage: in *Homer, in Phoenix' Prayers (Λιταί, Il. 9. 502–12), and *Achilles' image of *Zeus' jars (Il. 24. 527–33); in *Hesiod, ... More

allegory, Latin  

Jonathan Tate and Philip Hardie

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
An awareness of the Greek traditions of allegory (see allegory, greek) entered Rome with the Hellenization of Roman culture; *Ennius and *Varro adopted Greek methods with the Roman gods, and the ... More

Allia  

Andrew Drummond

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Allia, a stream flowing into the *Tiber on the east bank, 18 km. (11 mi.) north of Rome (probably modern Fosso della Bettina), where the Romans confronted, and were overwhelmed by, a Gallic war-band ... More

alliance, Greek  

P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Fundamentally, an agreement between states to fight together (symmachein) against a common enemy, so that the standard term is symmachia. Such alliances might be made either for a limited period or ... More

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