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Allifae  

Edward Togo Salmon and D. W. R. Ridgway

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Allifae, mountain town overlooking the *Volturnus the gateway between *Samnium and *Campania: modern Alife, which has an archaeological museum (an epigraphic collection is in nearby ... More

Allobroges  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Allobroges, a developing iron age people of central Gaul. They were annexed to Rome in 121 bce by Cn. *Domitius Ahenobarbus (2) and Q. *Fabius Maximus (Allobrogicus). An attempted revolt was crushed ... More

Aloadae  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Ken Dowden

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aloadae, in mythology, Otus and *Ep(h)ialtes (2), sons of Iphimedia and not in fact Aloeus but *Poseidon (Od. 11. 305; Hes. Catalogus mulierum fr. 19 M–W). After nine years they were 9 cubits broad ... More

alphabet, Greek  

John William Pirie, Lilian Hamilton Jeffery, and Alan Johnston

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
In early Greece various forms of alphabet were current but all derived from a *Phoenician (Semitic) source, which must have ... More

alphabets of Italy  

John Penney

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Subject:
Linguistics
There is no evidence for any form of writing in Italy before the arrival of Greek colonists in the 8th cent. bce. The Euboean alphabet brought by settlers at *Pithecusae (mod. Ischia) and *Cumae was ... More

Alphesiboea  

Herbert Jennings Rose

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alphesiboea, in mythology, daughter of *Phegeus of Psophis and wife of *Alcmaeon (1). According to Propertius 1. 15. 15, she and not Callirhoë's children avenged him; perhaps a mere ... More

Alpheus  

Thomas James Dunbabin, Robert J. Hopper, and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alpheus (Ἀλφειός), the largest river of the *Peloponnese, rises in south *Arcadia near Asea and flows past *Olympia to the Ionian Sea. Its main tributaries are the Arcadian Ladon and Erymanthus; the ... More

Alps  

Howard Hayes Scullard and T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Although the passes of the Alps had been used for trans-European commerce since prehistoric times, the early Greeks had no knowledge of these mountains, though a vague notion of them may lurk in ... More

altars, Greek  

Frederick Norman Pryce, John Boardman, Antony Spawforth, and J. Linderski

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Indispensable adjunct of *sacrifice in ancient religion.The chief type was the raised bōmos (βωμός) on which a wood fire was lit for the cremation of the victim's thigh-bones and spit-roasting of the ... More

altars, Roman  

Frederick Norman Pryce, John Boardman, Antony Spawforth, and J. Linderski

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The Latin terms altaria (plur.) and ara (variously explained by Roman antiquarians) derive from the roots denoting ‘burning’ (of sacrificial offerings). Normally of stone, of varying size, ... More

Althaemenes  

Herbert Jennings Rose

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Althaemenes, in mythology, son of *Catreus, king of Crete. Warned by an oracle that he would kill his father, he left Crete for Rhodes. Long after, his father came to seek him; Althaemenes ... More

Altinum  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Altinum (mod. Altino, near Venice), from the 5th cent. bce a centre of the *Veneti (2), and later a Roman *municipium. It prospered as a highway junction, where the *via Postumia, *via Popillia, ... More

Alyattes  

Rosalind Thomas

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alyattes, fourth *Lydian king (c.610–560 bce), of the house of *Gyges and father of *Croesus, finally drove back the *Cimmerians, extended Lydian control to the *Halys, and made war on ... More

Amadocus  

C. J. Tuplin

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Amadocus, name of two Thracian kings (see thrace). (1), Odrysian Thracian king who offered Athens military support against Sparta (405 bce)—fruitlessly since Athenian generals refused ... More

Amafinius, Gaius  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Amafinius, Gaius, older contemporary of Cicero, popularized the philosophy of *Epicurus in Latin. Cicero refers to him disparagingly (Fam. 15. 19. 2; Acad. Post. 1. 5. Cf. Tusc. 1. 6, 2. ... More

Amalthea  

J. N. Bremmer

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Amalthea, the goat that suckled *Zeus after his birth, when he was hidden in a cave to prevent his father *Cronus from devouring him (Callim. Hymn 1); later, rationalizing versions made the goat into ... More

Amanus  

Eric Herbert Warmington

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Amanus, the name applied to the mountain horseshoe of Elma Dağ above Alexandretta (see alexandria (2)), together with Giaour Dağ which trends north-eastwards. It is separated from *Taurus by the deep ... More

Amarantus  

John Francis Lockwood

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Amarantus, of Alexandria (1) (1st–2nd cent. ce), an older contemporary of *Galen (Gal. 14. 208; Ath. 8. 343 f.), was the author of a commentary on *Theocritus (Etym. Magn. 156. 30, 273. 41), perhaps ... More

Amaseia  

Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Amaseia (mod. Amasya), capital of the kings of *Pontus until soon after 183 bce, birthplace of *Mithradates VI Eupator, and home of the geographer *Strabo, who provides a detailed ... More

Amasis  

Alan Brian Lloyd

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Became pharaoh (see egypt, pre-ptolemaic; saites) in 570 bce as champion of the native Egyptians against *Apries. Though initially restricting Greek activities (e.g. channelling all trade ... More

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