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Amathus  

Hector Catling

Amathus, a major coastal city of *Cyprus, on a hill near mod. Ayios Tychonas, 10 km. (6 mi.) east of Limassol, surrounded by extensive and much excavated cemeteries, and immediately adjacent to its ... More

Amazons  

Ken Dowden

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Amazons, mythical race of female warriors. The name was popularly understood as ‘breastless’ (maza, ‘breast’) and the story told that they ‘pinched out’ or ‘cauterized’ the right breast so as not to ... More

Ambarvalia  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ambarvalia, Roman private and public field *lustration in May. The name appears only in Festus Gloss. Lat. 112, SHA Aurel. 20. 3; Strabo 5. 3. 2. Private rite: Cato, Agr. 141; ... More

amber  

D. W. R. Ridgway

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Amber, a fossil resin, has a wide natural distribution in northern Europe and is also found in Sicily: so far as is known, the amber from the classical Mediterranean was Baltic. It has been found at ... More

Ambiorix  

Howard Hayes Scullard and John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ambiorix, chief of the Eburones, a Gallic tribe between the Meuse and the Rhine who were freed by *Caesar from dependence on the Atuatuci. However, in 54 bce Ambiorix revolted against Caesar: through ... More

ambitus  

Andrew Lintott

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ambitus, a ‘going round’, is related to ambitio, the pursuit of public office, but always, unlike ambitio, denotes reprehensible activity which has been declared illegal.Specifically it refers to ... More

Ambivius Turpio, Lucius, actor and theatre-director  

Peter G. M. Brown

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Produced plays by *Caecilius Statius and (the *didascaliae record) all of *Terence's.

Ambracia  

Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Ambracia (mod. Arta), situated on the river Arachthus, 18 km. (11 mi.) from its harbour Ambracus on the north shore of the gulf of Arta. Founded as a Corinthian colony (see corinth) c.625 bce, it ... More

Ambrose, b. 340 CE  

Philip Rousseau

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Christianity
Ambrose (Ambrosius), son of a praetorian prefect of Gaul, Ambrose was well educated and achieved official success under the patronage of the great prefects Sex. Claudius *Petronius Probus and Q. ... More

ambrosia  

Alan H. Griffiths

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ambrosia and nectar are the food and drink of eternal life—usually in that order, though nectar is for eating in Alcman (fr. 42 Page, PMG) and Sappho thinks of ambrosia as a drink (fr. 141 LP). They ... More

Ambrosiaster  

Wolfram Kinzig

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Christianity
(i.e. pseudo-Ambrose), the author of the Commentary on Thirteen Pauline Letters (except Hebrews) handed down under the name of *Ambrose. Attempts at identifying the author have not yet ... More

Amburbium  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Amburbium, *lustration for Rome, seldom so named (Serv. on Verg. Ecl. 3. 77; SHA Aurel. 20. 3), usually linked with the *Ambarvalia's lustration of the fields (Festus Gloss. ... More

Ameipsias  

Kenneth Dover

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ameipsias, Athenian comic poet, contemporary with *Aristophanes (1). His Connus (see phrynichus (2)) was placed second to *Cratinus' Pytine and above *Aristophanes (1)'s Clouds in 423 bce ... More

Amelesagoras  

Richard Hunter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Amelesagoras, pseudonymous author of an *Atthis (c. 300 bce), who seems to have presented himself as an Eleusinian prophet (see eleusis), the name may be connected with Ameles, an Underworld river ... More

Amelius  

D. O'Meara

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Amelius (or Amerius) Gentilianus (3rd cent. ce), from Etruria, was *Plotinus̕ pupil 246–69. He wrote extensively, mainly presenting and defending Plotinus' philosophy, which he did not ... More

Ameria  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ameria (mod. Amelia), hill-town of southern *Umbria. Although very ancient (Plin. HN 3. 114), it is first mentioned by Cicero (Rosc. Amer. 15, 19, 20, 25), in whose day it was a ... More

amicitia  

Howard Hayes Scullard and Andrew Lintott

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Roman Law
Amicitia, friendship in Roman political terminology. The relationship might be between Rome and either another state or an individual (see client kings), or between individuals. Amici populi Romani ... More

amicus Augusti  

Nicholas Purcell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Roman Law
Drawing on the institutionalized philoi (friends) of Hellenistic rulers, political leaders of the 1st cent. bce made friendship a technical term of Roman political life (*popularis politicians were ... More

Amisus  

Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Amisus (mod. Samsun), a 6th-cent. colony of *Miletus or *Phocaea, was built on a peninsula site on the Black Sea coast, the best harbour between *Sinope and *Trapezus, at the head of a commercial ... More

Ammaedara  

R. J. A. Wilson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ammaedara (mod. Haidra), a Roman city in western Tunisia on the Carthage–Theveste trunk road, 36 km. (22 mi.) north-east of the latter. The first fortress of the Legio III Augusta was ... More

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