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Aenus  

James Maxwell Ross Cormack and Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aenus, a flourishing Greek city, originally an Aeolic foundation (Hdt. 7. 58. 3), just east of the river Hebrus (Alc. fr. 29 Lobel) on the coast of *Thrace. The modern Enez is on the site of the ... More

Aeoliae insulae  

D. W. R. Ridgway

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aeoliae insulae, the volcanic Aeolian islands, 40 km. (25 mi.) north-east of Sicily, had a flourishing neolithic culture based on the obsidian industry and well represented in the Diana plain and ... More

Aeolis  

Donald Ernest Wilson Wormell and Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aeolis, the territory of the northernmost group of Greek immigrants to the western coast of Asia Minor, covering the coastal strip from the entrance of the Hellespont to the mouth of the Hermus—a ... More

Aesernia  

T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aesernia (mod. Isernia), a strong site near the upper Volturnus river, controlling NW *Samnium. Originally a Samnite town, a Latin colony (see ius latii) established here after the Samnite Wars (263 ... More

Aetna (1), volcano of Sicily  

Arthur Geoffrey Woodhead and R. J. A. Wilson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aetna (1), Europe's highest active volcano (3,326 m. (10,912 ft.) in 1966), lying between *Tauromenium and *Catana in eastern Sicily. The lower slopes are remarkably fertile, principally today in ... More

Aetna (2)  

Arthur Geoffrey Woodhead and R. J. A. Wilson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Aetna (2), the name given to *Catana when *Hieron (1) I settled a colony there. In 461 bce these colonists were expelled, and transferred themselves and the name to Sicel Inessa. *Ducetius ... More

Aetolia  

W. M. Murray

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aetolia, a region in west-central Greece roughly shaped like a triangle with its base on the Corinthian Gulf, its apex at Mt. Tymphrestus, and its sides along the lower and middle *Acheloüs ... More

Aezani  

Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Was the most important city of northern *Phrygia in Roman times. The well-preserved ruins of the site are dominated by the peripteral (colonnaded) Ionic temple of *Zeus, dedicated under Domitian in ... More

Africa, Roman  

William Nassau Weech, Brian Herbert Warmington, and R. J. A. Wilson

The *Punic Wars made Rome heir to the Carthaginian empire. In 146 bce she left most territory in the hands of *Masinissa's descendants, but formed a new province (Africa) in the most fertile part. ... More

Agatharchides, of Cnidus, Greek historian, geographer, and Peripatetic philosopher, c. 215–after 145 BCE  

Kenneth S. Sacks

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Who lived most of his adult life in *Alexandria (1), eventually leaving, perhaps in flight to Athens after 145. He was not, as previously believed, regent to *Ptolemy (1) IX but was in the ... More

Agri Decumates  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Agri Decumates, a territory comprising the Black Forest, the basin of the Neckar, and the Swabian Alp, annexed by the Flavian emperors to shorten communications between the Rhine and the ... More

Alabanda  

William Moir Calder and Susan Mary Sherwin-White

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alabanda, a city in northern *Caria, on the Marsyas, a tributary of the *Maeander, at the point where the road from *Tralles branches westward to *Halicarnassus and south to the coast opposite ... More

Alba Longa  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alba Longa, on the *Albanus mons, near modern Castel Gandolfo, traditionally founded c.1152 bce by *Ascanius (Aen. 3. 390 f.), and supposed founder of other Latin cities. There are rich cemeteries of ... More

Albania, Transcaucasian  

David C. Braund

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Albania (Transcaucasian), the land between *Iberia and the *Caspian, to the north of *Media Atropatene: it now lies largely within northern Azerbaijan and Daghestan. Albania comprises an ... More

Albanus mons  

Edward Togo Salmon and D. W. R. Ridgway

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Albanus mons, the Alban hills and more specifically their dominating peak (Monte Cavo, 950m. (3, 115 ft)), 21km. (13 mi.) south-east of Rome. Until c.1150 bce the Albanus mons was an ... More

Albion  

Eric Herbert Warmington and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Albion, ancient (Celtic or pre-Celtic) name for the largest of the British Isles, first recorded in the 1st cent. ce, by when it had been superseded (among Romans) by ‘Britannia’: ps.-Arist.Mund. ... More

Albunea  

Stephen J. Harrison

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Albunea, sulphurous spring and stream near *Tibur with a famous waterfall, and its homonymous nymph (cf. Hor. Carm. 1. 7. 12), classed as a *Sibyl by *Varro (Lactant. Div. Inst. 1. 6. 12) ... More

Alesia  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alesia, a hill-fort of the Mandubii, modern Alise-Ste Reine, where, in 52 bce, Caesar besieged and captured *Vercingetorix. The site was not abandoned, but developed as a thriving ... More

Aletrium  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aletrium (mod. Alatri), town of the *Hernici 70 km. (43 mi.) south-east of Rome. Always loyal to Rome after 358 bce, Aletrium became a prosperous *municipium (Cic. Clu.46) and remained such (reject ... More

Alexander (11) 'Polyhistor', Greek polymath and ethnographer  

Christopher Pelling

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Born c.105 bce at *Miletus, he was captured in the Mithradatic Wars (see mithradates vi) and came to Rome as a slave of an unidentifiable Cornelius Lentulus; he was freed and given Roman ... More

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