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Alcestis  

Ken Dowden

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alcestis, in mythology, daughter of *Pelias, wife of Admetus king of *Pherae (Thessaly), who is prepared to die in his place.Pelias promised Alcestis to whoever could yoke a lion and boar to a ... More

Alcidamas, rhetorician and sophist, 4th cent. BCE  

M. B. Trapp

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alcidamas (4th cent. BCE), rhetorician and sophist, was born in Elaea in Aeolis, studied with *Gorgias (1) and taught in Athens. His professional rivalry with *Isocrates and his school emerges in On ... More

Alcinous (2)  

John Dillon

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alcinous (2), accredited in the MSS as author of the Didaskalikos, or ‘Handbook of Platonism’, a summary of *Plato (1)'s doctrines designed as a handbook for the general public. He was long ... More

Alciphron  

M. B. Trapp

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alciphron, sophist (see second sophistic), whose Letters, supposedly written by Athenians of the 4th cent. bce (fishermen, farmers, ‘*parasites’, courtesans (*hetairai)) attest his wide reading in ... More

Alcman, lyric poet, fl. mid-late 7th cent. BCE  

C. Carey

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
In *Sparta. His birthplace was disputed. Some believed him a *Laconian, while a number of ancient authors made him a *Lydian (Anth. Pal. 7. 18, 19, 709; Ael. VH 12. 50; Suda, entry under Ἀλκμάν, ... More

alcoholism, Greek  

John Maxwell O'Brien and Barney Rickenbacker

The ancient Greeks were unfamiliar with modern concepts of alcoholism, but they were well aware of self-destructive drinking and the effects of habitual drunkenness. In the Odyssey, *Homer makes a ... More

Alexander (12), Greek author, son of Numenius  

M. B. Trapp

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alexander (12) (2nd cent. ce), son of *Numenius, wrote a Rhetoric (Τέχνη) and an influential treatise On Figures (Περὶ σχημάτων), which discussed the distinction between ‘natural’ and ... More

Alexander (8), of Pleuron, 'the Aetolian'  

Ken Dowden

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alexander (8) of Pleuron, ‘the Aetolian’ (he is the only known Aetolian poet), *grammaticus and poet, born c.315 bce, contemporary with *Callimachus (3) and *Theocritus. Around 285–283, he undertook ... More

Alexander Romance  

Richard Stoneman

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
The Alexander Romance is a fictionalized life of Alexander III of Macedon (Alexander the Great, 356–323 bce), originating in the 3rd century BC, though the earliest evidence for its ... More

Alexis, c. 375–c. 275 BCE  

Geoffrey Arnott

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alexis c. 375–c. 275 BCE, poet of Middle and New Comedy (see comedy (greek), middle and new), born at *Thurii (Sudaα 1138), but apparently living most of his long life in *Athens. He wrote 245 plays ... More

allegory, Greek  

M. B. Trapp

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Elements of allegory are present in Greek literature from the earliest stage: in *Homer, in Phoenix' Prayers (Λιταί, Il. 9. 502–12), and *Achilles' image of *Zeus' jars (Il. 24. 527–33); in *Hesiod, ... More

Amarantus  

John Francis Lockwood

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Amarantus, of Alexandria (1) (1st–2nd cent. ce), an older contemporary of *Galen (Gal. 14. 208; Ath. 8. 343 f.), was the author of a commentary on *Theocritus (Etym. Magn. 156. 30, 273. 41), perhaps ... More

Ameipsias  

Kenneth Dover

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ameipsias, Athenian comic poet, contemporary with *Aristophanes (1). His Connus (see phrynichus (2)) was placed second to *Cratinus' Pytine and above *Aristophanes (1)'s Clouds in 423 bce ... More

Amelesagoras  

Richard Hunter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Amelesagoras, pseudonymous author of an *Atthis (c. 300 bce), who seems to have presented himself as an Eleusinian prophet (see eleusis), the name may be connected with Ameles, an Underworld river ... More

Ammonius (1)  

John Francis Lockwood and Nigel Wilson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ammonius (1), pupil and successor of *Aristarchus (2) (schol. Il. 10. 397; Suda, entry under the name), wrote besides a commentary on Homer (POxy. 2. 121), other works on the Homeric ... More

Amphiaraus  

Hanne Eisenfeld

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Seer and warrior, member of royal family of Argos, descended from Melampus. Son of Oecles, husband of Eriphyle, father of Alcmaeon (1) and Amphilochus. Unwilling participant in the expedition of the ... More

Amphis  

Geoffrey Arnott

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Amphis, Middle *comedy poet. His 28 titles come chiefly from mythology or daily life, but Gynaecocratia (‘Government by Women’) sounds like an Aristophanic theme, and Dithyrambus (‘*dithyramb’) may ... More

Anacreon, lyric poet  

C. Carey

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anacreon lyric poet, native of *Teos. Little is known of his life. Born perhaps c. 575–570 (Eusebius gives his floruit as 536/5), he probably joined in the foundation of *Abdera in Thrace by the ... More

Anacreontea  

Martin Litchfield West

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anacreontea, a collection of some 62 Greek poems preserved in the MS of the Palatine Anthology under the heading ‘Anacreon of Teos’ Sympotic Hemiambics'. Some of them refer to *Anacreon or actually ... More

Anaxandrides  

Kenneth Dover and Christopher Pelling

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anaxandrides, Middle Comedy poet (see comedy (greek), middle), possibly of Rhodian birth (Ath. 374b; see rhodes), won the first prize ten times (Suda, entry under the name), three times at ... More

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