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Aepytus  

Madeleine Jost

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aepytus, name of three heroes connected with Arcadia. (1) Aepytus son of Hippothoüs entered the abaton of *Poseidon at *Mantinea, and was blinded and killed by the god. (2) Youngest ... More

Aërope  

Jenny March

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aërope, daughter of *Catreus, king of Crete, and given by her father to *Nauplius (2) to be sold overseas. She married *Atreus (or, in some versions, Pleisthenes) and gave birth to *Agamemnon and ... More

Aesepus  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Aesepus, god of the Mysian river of that name, Hesiod, Theog.342.

Aethra  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Jenny March

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aethra, in mythology daughter of *Pittheus, king of Troezen, and mother of *Theseus by *Aegeus. Since Theseus was often said to be son of *Poseidon, various explanations were given: Aethra was sent ... More

aetiology  

Emily Kearns

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aetiology in religion and mythology refers to an explanation, normally in narrative form (hence ‘aetiological myth’), of a practice, epithet, monument, or similar. Typically such explanations ... More

Aetolian cults and myths  

Michael H. Jameson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Relatively isolated, after the Archaic period Aetolia had the reputation of a rough and violent region. In cult the massive conflagration of live birds and wild animals for Artemis Laphria at *Patrae ... More

Aetolus  

W. M. Murray

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Aetolus, eponym of the Aetolians. *Endymion, king of *Elis, had three sons: Paeon, Epeius, and Aetolus. He set them to race at Olympia, promising the kingship to the winner. Epeius won, hence the ... More

Agamemnon  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Jenny March

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Agamemnon, in mythology son of *Atreus (or, occasionally, of Atreus' son Pleisthenes), brother of *Menelaus (1), and husband of *Clytemnestra; king of *Mycenae, or *Argos (1), and, in Homer, ... More

Aganippe  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aganippe, in mythology, daughter of the river-god Permessus (Paus. 9. 29. 5: spelling ‘Ter-’), nymph of the spring of that name on *Helicon (Callim. fr. 696 Pf.), sacred to the *Muses. ... More

Agapenor  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Agapenor (Ἀγαπήνωρ), in mythology, leader of the Arcadian contingent against Troy (Il. 2. 609); son of *Ancaeus. On the way back from Troy he arrived at Cyprus (Lycoph. 479 ff.), where he ... More

Agathos Daimon  

Robert Parker

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Agathos Daimon (Ἀγαθὸς Δαίμων), ‘good god/destiny/fortune’. He is particularly closely associated with the proper use of *wine (cf. modern toasts such as ‘cheers’, ‘good luck’): he received small ... More

Agenor, Phoenician king  

A. Schachter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
When his daughter, *Europa, disappeared, he sent his sons—*Phoenix (1), Cilix, and *Cadmus—to find her. They failed (*Zeus having abducted her to Crete), but founded respectively the Phoenician and ... More

Aglaurus  

Emily Kearns

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Daughter of the Athenian king *Cecrops, Aglaurus makes her best-known appearance in myth and art alongside *Pandrosus and Herse; disobeying *Athena's instructions, the sisters opened the ... More

agriculture, Greek  

Michael H. Jameson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The agriculture of Greece in the historical period shared the basic cultigens and techniques of most of the other contemporary civilizations of the Mediterranean. Life was sustained by barley and ... More

Aias  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Jenny March

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aias (Αἴας, Lat. Aiax)(1) Son of *Telamon (1), king of *Salamis (1), hence Aias Telamonius, and also known as the Great(er) Ajax. He brought twelve ships from Salamis to Troy (Il. 2.557). In the ... More

Aion  

Robert Parker

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Was for late antiquity the personification and god of indefinitely extending time. In early Greek αἰών means ‘life’ (often in the sense of ‘vital force’), ‘whole lifetime’, ‘generation’. It was ... More

Aither  

Herbert Jennings Rose

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aither (Αἰθήρ), personification of the purer upper stratum of air (approximately the stratosphere), next to or identical with the sky; son of Erebus and Night (see nyx) (Hes., Theog. 124–5); of ... More

Alastor  

Herbert Jennings Rose, B. C. Dietrich, and Alan A. D. Peatfield

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alastor, avenging deity or *daimōn, typically pursuing (there may be an etymological connexion with ἐλαύνειν, the form ἐλάστερος being also found) and punishing a killer or his kin. Similar words are ... More

Alcathous  

Alan H. Griffiths

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alcathous, son of *Pelops and *Hippodamia, was exiled from his homeland for fratricide; finding that the kingship of *Megara was on offer to whoever could kill the ferocious lion of ... More

Alcestis  

Ken Dowden

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alcestis, in mythology, daughter of *Pelias, wife of Admetus king of *Pherae (Thessaly), who is prepared to die in his place.Pelias promised Alcestis to whoever could yoke a lion and boar to a ... More

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