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Amaseia  

Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Amaseia (mod. Amasya), capital of the kings of *Pontus until soon after 183 bce, birthplace of *Mithradates VI Eupator, and home of the geographer *Strabo, who provides a detailed ... More

Amasis  

Alan Brian Lloyd

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Became pharaoh (see egypt, pre-ptolemaic; saites) in 570 bce as champion of the native Egyptians against *Apries. Though initially restricting Greek activities (e.g. channelling all trade ... More

Anāhitā  

Heleen Sancisi-Weerdenburg and W. F. M. Henkelman

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Subject:
Near East
Name or epithet (‘immaculate’) of an Old Iranian goddess. *Artaxerxes (2) II (404–358 bce) is credited with introducing cult-images of her into the empire’s major centres (Berosus in Clem. Al. Protr. ... More

Anatolian deities  

J. David Hawkins

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Deities of prehistoric Anatolia may be inferred from such monuments as the painted shrines of neolithic Çatal Hüyük, or the figurines and ‘standards’ of early bronze age Alaca Hüyük, but ... More

Ancyra  

Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Ancyra (mod. Ankara), a settlement in the part of central Asia Minor occupied by the Galatian Tectosagan tribe, which became the most important city of the province of *Galatia after 25 bce. The ... More

Antioch (1), Seleucid royal capital city  

Arnold Hugh Martin Jones, Henri Seyrig, J. H. W. G. Liebeschuetz, Susan Mary Sherwin-White, and Amélie Kuhrt

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Antioch (1), in *Syria, one of the Seleucid royal capitals, on the left bank of the *Orontes, some 24 km. (15 mi.) from the sea, was founded in 300 bce by *Seleucus (1) I, in a favourable position ... More

Antioch (2), Roman Colonia Caesareia  

Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Near East
(Pisidian, or more correctly ‘near Pisidia’), a city in Phrygia Paroreius north of *Pisidia, to be distinguished from the other Phrygian Antioch on the Maeander. It was a Seleucid; Fraser, GET, 328 ... More

Antioch (3) Margiana  

Eric Herbert Warmington and Susan Mary Sherwin-White

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Antioch (3) Margiana (southern Turkmenistan, 30 km. (18 mi.) east of modern Merv), situated in the narrow, fertile valley of the Murghab river, separated by the Kopet Dağ mountains on the west from ... More

Antioch (4), in Persis  

William Woodthorpe Tarn and Susan Mary Sherwin-White

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Antioch (4) -Persis, probably mod. Bushir, on the Persian Gulf, or perhaps Achaemenid Taoke (mod. Borazjan, 32 km. (20 mi.) from Bushir, on the main route inland to Shiraz and *Persepolis). Probably ... More

Antiochus (1) I, 'Soter' ('Saviour'), Seleucid king, c. 324–261 BCE  

Guy Thompson Griffith, Susan Mary Sherwin-White, and R. J. van der Spek

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Antiochus (1) I Soter (Saviour (c. 324–261 bce), king of the Seleucid empire (281–261) eldest son of *Seleucus (1) I and the Bactrian *Apame, co-regent with Seleucus I (294–281); given responsibility ... More

Antiochus (2) II, 'Theos' ('God'), Seleucid king, 286–246 BCE  

Guy Thompson Griffith, Susan Mary Sherwin-White, and R. J. van der Spek

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Antiochus (2) II Theos (God) (286–246 bce), king of the *Seleucid empire (261–246), second son of *Antiochus (1) I and *Stratonice, co-regent with his father since 268. Married *Laodice ... More

Antiochus (3) III, 'Megas' ('the Great'), Seleucid king, c. 242–187 BCE  

Guy Thompson Griffith, Susan Mary Sherwin-White, and R. J. van der Spek

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Near East
Antiochus (3) III Megas (the Great (c. 242–187 BCE), second son of *Seleucus (2) II, king of the *Seleucid empire (222–187). After the assassination of his elder brother, *Seleucus (3) III, who was ... More

Antiochus (4) IV, 'Epiphanes' ('Manifest God'), c. 215–164 BCE  

Guy Thompson Griffith, Susan Mary Sherwin-White, and R. J. van der Spek

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Antiochus (4) (Manifest God) (c. 215–164 bce), original name Mithradates (Livy 33.19), king of the Seleucid empire (175–164), third son of *Antiochus (3) III, hostage in Rome since 189, succeeded his ... More

Antiochus (5) V, 'Eupator' ('with a good father'), c. 173–162/161 BCE  

Guy Thompson Griffith, Susan Mary Sherwin-White, and R. J. van der Spek

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Antiochus (5) V Eupator (with a good father) (c. 173–162/1 bce), king of the Seleucid empire (164-162/1), infant, son of *Antiochus (4) IV, reigned less than two years through the regent Lysias, and ... More

Antiochus (6) VI, 'Epiphanes Dionysus', Seleucid king  

Guy Thompson Griffith, Susan Mary Sherwin-White, and R. J. van der Spek

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Antiochus (6) VI Epiphanes Dionysus, rival king of the Seleucid empire (145/4–141/0 bce), infant, son of *Alexander (10) Balas. He was put forward by the general Diodotus (later called Tryphon) ... More

Antiochus (7) VII, 'Sidetes', Seleucid king, c. 159–129 BCE  

Guy Thompson Griffith, Susan Mary Sherwin-White, and R. J. van der Spek

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Antiochus (7) VII Sidetes ( = from *Side) (c. 159–129 bce), last great king of the Seleucid empire (138-129) second son of *Demetrius (10) I, succeeded his brother *Demetrius (11) II, who ... More

Antiochus (8), 'Hierax', ruler of Seleucid Anatolia, c. 263–226 BCE  

Guy Thompson Griffith, Susan Mary Sherwin-White, and R. J. van der Spek

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Antiochus (8) Hierax (c. 263–226 bce), second son of *Antiochus (2) II and *Laodice (2), brother of *Seleucus (2) II, became independent ruler of Seleucid Anatolia when his brother fought ... More

Aornos  

Pierre Briant

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Aornos, a mighty ‘eagles' nest’ in the land of the Assacenae, located by Sir Aurel Stein at Pir Sar, beside a bend of the upper Indus on the border of Swat. Two great ridges, Pir-Sar and Una-Sar, ... More

apadana  

Michael Vickers

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Apadana, ‘the public part of a royal palace’. Only attested at Susa, the Old Persian word is usually applied to the large multi-columned halls in the palaces at *Susa and *Persepolis, ... More

Apame  

Amélie Kuhrt

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Apame, name of several Iranian noblewomen. The best known was the daughter of Spitamenes, a Bactrian-Sogdian noble and opponent of *Alexander (3) the Great. Apame was married to ... More

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