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Annaeus Cornutus, Lucius  

Leofranc Holford-Strevens

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Annaeus Cornutus, Lucius, Stoic philosopher, grammarian, and rhetorician whose pupils included *Lucan and *Persius (who honoured him in Sat. 5, and whose Satires he reportedly revised after the ... More

Anniceris, philosopher of the Cyrenaic school, 4th cent. BCE  

C. C. W. Taylor

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
He, *Hegesias (1), and Theodorus ‘the godless’ became leaders of three divergent branches of the school, his own originality consisting, so far as we know, in stressing the importance of the ... More

Antiochus (11), of Ascalon, Academic philosopher, b. c. 130 BCE  

Gisela Striker

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
(see academy) Antiochus studied under *Philon (3) of Larissa, but later founded his own school. He joined L. *Licinius Lucullus (2) on a mission to *Alexandria (1) and the eastern provinces in 87/6. ... More

Antipater (2), of Tarsus, Greek Stoic philosopher, 2nd cent. BCE  

Julia Annas

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Antipater (2), Stoic, succeeded *Diogenes (3) of Babylon as head of the Stoa at Athens, and taught *Panaetius. His basic positions differed little from those of *Chrysippus, apart from his definition ... More

Antipater (4), of Tyre, Greek Stoic philosopher, 1st cent. BCE  

Julia Annas

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy

Antipater (4), who introduced *Cato (Uticensis) to Stoic philosophy, died shortly before 44 bce. He wrote on physical, metaphysical, and ethical issues.

Antiphon (2), Sophist, 5th cent. BCE  

C. C. W. Taylor

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Antiphon (2), of Athens (5th. cent. bce), *sophist. Scholars are divided on whether he was identical with the orator (see antiphon (1)). Works attributed to him include Concord and Truth; ... More

Antisthenes (1), Greek teacher, mid-5th cent.–mid-4th cent. BCE  

C. C. W. Taylor

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Antisthenes (1) (mid-5th–mid-4th cent. bce), associate of *Socrates, one of those named by *Plato (1) as having been present at his final conversation. A professional teacher, he continued the ... More

Antisthenes (2), of Rhodes, Greek historian and Peripatetic philosopher, early 2nd cent. BCE  

Kenneth S. Sacks

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Antisthenes (2), of *Rhodes (fl. early 2nd cent. bce), wrote a history, perhaps of Rhodes, down to his own time (used by *Polybius (1) via *Zeno (4)). He is probably the Peripatetic philosopher who ... More

Anytus  

Michael Gagarin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anytus, a wealthy Athenian and democratic leader, best known as a prosecutor of *Socrates (399 bce). As general in 409, he failed to prevent the loss of *Pylos (Ath. pol. 27. 5); at his trial he ... More

Apollodorus (6), of Athens, Greek author, c. 180–after 120 BCE  

Kenneth S. Sacks

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Apollodorus (6), of Athens (c.180–after 120 bce), studied in Athens with the Stoic *Diogenes (3) of Babylon, collaborated with *Aristarchus (2) in Alexandria, perhaps fled (in 146 ?), probably to ... More

Apollodorus (8), of Seleuceia on Tigris, Greek Stoic philosopher  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Apollodorus (8), of Seleuceia (1) on Tigris, Stoic philosopher (see stoicism), the author of an Ethics and a Physics cited by Diog. Laert. 7. 102, 129; 125, 135. He also wrote logical ... More

Arcesilaus (1), of Pitane in Aeolia, Greek philosopher, 316/315–242/241 BCE  

Gisela Striker

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Arcesilaus or Arcesilas (both forms given in the sources), of Pitane in *Aeolia, 316/5 –242/1 bce, head of the *Academy from c.268. In his youth, Arcesilaus studied mathematics with *Autolycus (2) at ... More

Archelaus (1), philosopher, fl. 5th cent. BCE  

William David Ross

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Archelaus (1) philosopher (fl. 5th cent. bce), probably of Athenian birth, was a pupil of *Anaxagoras and followed him in the main, but in some details adhered to the views of the Ionians and ... More

Aristippus (1)  

C. C. W. Taylor

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Aristippus (1), from *Cyrene, an associate of *Socrates. His writings are said to have included dialogues and historical works, and he is said to have been the first of Socrates' associates to charge ... More

Aristius Fuscus, Marcus  

Peter G. M. Brown

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Friend of *Horace and addressee of Ode 1. 22 and Epist. 1. 10; also mentioned in Sat. 1. 9. 60 ff. and 1. 10. 83. Said by *Pomponius Porphyrio to have been an eminent *grammaticus and an author of ... More

Aristocles  

M. B. Trapp

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Aristocles of Messene (Sicily or Peloponnese?), Peripatetic philosopher conventionally dated to 2nd cent. ce and identified with the teacher of *Alexander (14) of Aphrodisias, but perhaps belonging ... More

Ariston (1), of Chios, Greek Stoic philosopher  

Julia Annas

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Ariston (1), of Chios, Stoic, pupil of *Zeno (2), developed Zeno's ideas in a way later regarded as unorthodox after *Chrysippus' writings had established a Stoic orthodoxy. He enjoyed a wide but ... More

Ariston (2), of Ceos, Greek Peripatetic philosopher, 3rd cent. BCE  

Robert Sharples

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Ariston of *Ceos, *Peripatetic, probably succeeded *Lyco as head of the Lyceum c.225 bce. *Diogenes (6) Laertius appears to have derived from him the wills of *Aristotle and his ... More

Ariston (3), of Alexandria, Greek philosopher, 1st cent. BCE  

Gisela Striker

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Ariston (3), of Alexandria (1), 1st cent. bce philosopher, pupil of Aristus the brother of *Antiochus (11) of Ascalon. He later became a *Peripatetic and may be identical with the Ariston ... More

Aristotle, philosopher, 384–322 BCE  

Martha C. Nussbaum and Catherine Osborne

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Aristotle (384–322 BCE), philosopher, pupil of *Plato (1), was born in *Stagira in *Chalcidice. His father Nicomachus, a member of the medical guild of the Asclepiadae (see asclepius), was ... More

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