You are looking at  21-40 of 316 articles  for:

  • Roman Myth and Religion x
Clear All

View:

Anubis  

Richard Gordon

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anubis, one of several local divine guardians of the dead in Egypt, originally in the form of a jackal, later as a human figure with a dog's head. As lord of the necropolis, he supervised embalmment, ... More

apex  

Herbert Jennings Rose and John North

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Apex, a special kind of cap worn by Roman *flamines, *Salii, and some other priests. The word is said originally to have meant not the whole cap, but the spike or twig at the top of it, tied on with ... More

Apis  

Richard Gordon

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Apis, the sacred bull at *Memphis in Egypt, oracular ‘herald’ of *Ptah (cf. Plin. HN 8. 185), with distinctive markings (Hdt 3. 28; Ael. NA 11. 10). The cult probably goes back to the earliest Old ... More

apocalyptic literature  

Christopher Rowland

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The apocalyptic literature composed by Jews and Christians in antiquity purports to offer information on God's purposes by means of revelation. In the apocalypses, understanding of God and ... More

Apollonius (12), of Tyana  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Apollonius (12), of Tyana (ἈπολλώνιοςὁΤυανεύς), a Neo-pythagorean holy man (see neopythagoreanism), conceivably the L. Pompeius Apollonius of an inscription from *Ephesus (C. P. Jones in Demoen and ... More

apologists, Christian  

Wolfram Kinzig

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The modern collective term appears to go back to F. Morel (Corpus Apologetarum, 1615) and P. Maran (1742; cf. PG 6). The idea as such, however, is much older, as can be seen from the codex Paris. gr. ... More

Argei  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
On 16 and 17 March in Rome a procession went to the shrine of the puppets (itur ad Argeos: Ov. Fast. 3. 791), i.e. to the 27 shrines (sacraria) of the Argei (Varro, Ling. 5. 45–54) situated at ... More

Armilustrium  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Roman festival on 19 October to *Mars which purified (see lustration) the army (Varro, Ling. 5. 153, 6. 22); this took place at the *Aventine's Armilustrium (Livy 27. 37. 4, Plut. Rom. 23. 3), which ... More

Artemidorus (3), of Ephesus, Greek author, interpreter of dreams, mid-late 2nd cent. CE  

Simon Price

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Artemidorus (3), of *Ephesus but called himself ‘of Daldis’ after his mother's native city in Lydia, whose chief deity *Apollo instigated his work on predictive *dreams. His Onirocritica, ... More

Artemon (4), of Miletus, Greek author, mid-1st cent. CE  

M. B. Trapp and Simon Price

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Artemon (4), of Miletus, wrote, under Nero, a work in 22 books on *dreams and their consequences, with special reference to cures by *Sarapis. He is criticized by *Artemidorus (3), see 1. ... More

Ascanius  

Stephen J. Harrison

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ascanius, character in literature and mythology, son of *Aeneas. Not mentioned in Homer, he appears in the Aeneas-legend by the 5th cent. bce, at first as one of several sons of Aeneas (Hellanicus, ... More

Athenagoras  

David Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Christian apologist from Athens and author of two extant works, The Resurrection of the Dead, and the Legatio. The latter is a defence of Christianity composed in the form of a letter to the emperors ... More

Attis  

Francis Redding Walton and John Scheid

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Attis, in mythology, the youthful consort of *Cybele and prototype of her eunuch devotees. The myth exists in two main forms, with many variants. According to the Phrygian tale (Paus. 7. ... More

augures  

J. Linderski

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Augures, official Roman diviners. They formed one of the four great colleges of priests (see collegium), instituted (so the tradition) in the regal period; originally made up of three (patrician) ... More

augurium canarium  

J. Linderski

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Augurium canarium, a ceremony so called by Pliny (HN 18. 14, quoting the commentarii pontificum (pontifical records), see libri pontificales), and canarium sacrificium by *Ateius Capito (2), who says ... More

augurium salutis  

J. Linderski

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Augurium salutis, an augural inquiry as to whether it was permissible (for the magistrates) to pray for the safety of the people. This (annual) prayer could be said only on a day free of all wars. It ... More

Augustales  

James Rives

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Augustales, members of a religious and social institution common in the cities of the western Roman empire. There are numerous variations on the title, which taken together appear in some 2,500 ... More

auspicium  

J. Linderski

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Auspicium, literally ‘watching the birds’ (avis, specio), but the term was applied to various types of *divination. Festus (Paulus, Gloss. Lat. 367) records five types of auspical signs: from the sky ... More

Bacchanalia  

John North

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Bacchanalia can be used to mean either ‘Bacchic festival’ or ‘Bacchic places of worship’, but usually translates the Greek *mysteries (orgia), with special reference to the worship ... More

belief, ancient religious  

Charles Stewart and John North

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Currently ‘belief’ has at least three different meanings in the context of religion: (1) an inner psychological state of pious commitment; (2) the acceptance of received ideas; and (3) the doctrines ... More

View: