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Thirty Years Peace  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Agreement between Sparta and Athens in 446, which ended the First *Peloponnesian War after c.15 years. Its exact terms are unknown but by it Athens (after a recent defeat in *Boeotia, see coronea, ... More

Thrasybulus, d. 388 BCE  

Henry Dickinson Westlake and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Thrasybulus (d. 388 bce), son of Lycus, Athenian general and statesman. (Xen., Hell. 4. 8. 25 calls him Thrasybulus of (the *deme of) Steiria to distinguish him from Thrasybulus of Collytus, Hell. 5. ... More

Thrasyllus, Athenian democratic politician and soldier, 5th cent. BCE  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
At the time of the Athenian oligarchic coup of 411 bce, he organized democratic support in the fleet at *Samos, where he was elected general (see stratēgoi) for 411/10 by the fleet (Thuc. 8. 76. 2) ... More

Thucydides (1), Athenian politician  

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Tim Cornell, and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Thucydides (1), son of Melesias, Athenian politician (born c.500 bce). He was an aristocrat, connected by marriage with *Cimon. After the death of Cimon he succeeded him as the leading ... More

Thucydides (2), Athenian historian, 2nd half of 5th cent. BCE  

Henry Theodore Wade-Gery, John Dewar Denniston, and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Thucydides (2), author of the (incomplete) History of the War (*Peloponnesian War) between Athens and Sparta, 431–404 bce, in eight books.He was born probably between 460 and 455 bce: he was general ... More

Timaeus (2), of Tauromenium, western Greek historian  

Klaus Meister

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
In *Sicily, c.350–260 bce, the most important western Greek historian; son of Andromachus, the dynast who refounded Tauromenium in 358. Andromachus gave *Timoleon a warm welcome in 345 and lent him ... More

Timagenes, of Alexandria (1), Greek rhetor and historian  

Livia Capponi

Timagenes of Alexandria (1), according to Suda the son of a royal banker (βασιλικοῦ ἀργυραμοιβοῦ υἱός), was a Greek rhetor and historian, who came to Rome as a captive in 55 bce with Gabinius(2) and ... More

Timoleon  

John Salmon

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Timoleon, Corinthian who expelled *Dionysius (2) II from *Syracuse, put down other tyrants in *Sicily (see tyranny), and defeated *Carthage: the truth about him is not easy to discern behind our ... More

Timotheus (2), Athenian general  

C. J. Tuplin

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Timotheus (2), son of *Conon(1) (cf. Tod 128), Athenian general. He was a wealthy associate of *Plato(1) and *Isocrates and friend of *Jason(2), notable for modest physique, imaginative military ... More

tribute lists, Athenian  

Malcolm F. McGregor and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Tribute lists (Athenian), records of the aparchai (first-fruits; pl. of *aparchē) of one-sixtieth given as an offering to *Athena from the tribute paid by the members of the *Delian League after the ... More

trierarchy  

Chester G. Starr and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The word trierarchos means ‘*trireme-commander’, but at Athens in the 5th and 4th cents. bce the trierarchy was a *liturgy, which the richest citizens could be called on to perform for a year. The ... More

tyrannicides  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Tyrannicides, killers of tyrants (see tyranny) generally (see e.g. servilius ahala, c.) but specially used of (a) the killers of *Hipparchus(1) of Athens (see aristogiton; ... More

tyranny  

Victor Ehrenberg and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Tyranny is the name given to the form of monarchy set up by usurpers in many Greek states in the 7th and 6th cents. bce. The earliest occurrence of the term is in *Archilochus (tyrannis, fr. 19. 3 ... More

war, art of, Greek  

John F. Lazenby

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
War, art of, Greek, Before the second half of the 5th cent. bce, when some of the *sophists are said to have studied the art of war, the Greeks seem to have made no attempt to systematize ... More

warfare, attitudes to, Greek and Hellenistic  

Michel Austin

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Homer'sIliad, a poem about war, does not glorify war: it celebrates martial prowess but also portrays the sufferings caused by war, and *Ares, god of war, is rebuked by Zeus as the most hateful of ... More

West, Western Greeks  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Xanthippus (1), father of Pericles (1), early 5th cent. BCE  

Piero Treves and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Xanthippus (1), husband of *Cleisthenes(2)'s niece Agariste and father of *Pericles(1). He prosecuted *Miltiades after his unsuccessful attack on *Paros in 490–489 bce; he was ostracized ... More

Xanthippus (2), Spartan mercenary commander, 3rd cent. BCE  

John Briscoe

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Xanthippus (2) was a Spartan mercenary commander who fought for *Carthage against M. *Atilius Regulus in 255 bce (see punic wars). He reorganized the Carthaginian army and annihilated the Roman ... More

Xanthus (2), Lydian historian  

Klaus Meister

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Xanthus (2), Hellenized Lydian from *Sardis, older contemporary of *Herodotus(1), author of Lydiaca in 4 books on the origin and history of the Lydian people, maybe down to the capture of Sardis by ... More

Xenagoras, 3rd or 2nd cent. BCE  

Kenneth S. Sacks and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Xenagoras (3rd or 2nd cent. bce), a Greek, perhaps from *Rhodes, wrote Χρόνοι (Chronologies) of the Greek world, with special interest in *Sicily and the west, and Περὶ νήσων (On islands). He is ... More

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