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Antalcidas  

Stephen Hodkinson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Antalcidas (occasional deviant version, Antialcidas), Spartan statesman. He came from a prominent family and was probably related by marriage to King *Agesilaus II. He first appears as Sparta's ... More

Antichthon/Antipodes  

Alfred Hiatt

The terms antipodes and antichthones, along with others such as antoikoi and perioikoi, referred to hypothetical peoples dwelling beyond the extent of the known world. These terms were the product of ... More

Anticleides  

Frank William Walbank and Kenneth S. Sacks

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anticleides, of Athens (fl. early 3rd cent. bce), wrote a history of *Alexander (3) the Great (containing a long digression on Egyptian antiquities), a substantial mythological work reaching into ... More

Antigonus (1) I, 'Monophthalmos' ('the one-eyed'), c. 382–301 BCE  

Albert Brian Bosworth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Antigonus (1) I (c. 382–301 bce), ‘the One-eyed’ (Monophthalmos), Macedonian noble, was prominent under *Philip (1) II and governed Greater *Phrygia for *Alexander (3) the Great (334–323). Victorious ... More

Antigonus (2), 'Gonatas', c. 320–239 BCE  

R. M. Errington

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Antigonus (2) (c. 320–239 BCE), king of Macedonia (c.277/6–239 bce), son of *Demetrius (4) I and Phila, nicknamed ‘Gonatas’ (meaning unknown). He served under his father in Greece in 292, commanded ... More

Antigonus (3), 'Doson' ('the man who will give'), c. 263–221 BCE  

R. M. Errington

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Antigonus (3) (c. 263–221 bce), nicknamed ‘Doson’, ‘the man who will give’, regent and king of Macedonia 229–221. Son of *Demetrius (5) ‘the Fair’, who was half-brother of *Antigonus (2) Gonatas, ... More

Antiochus (10), of Syracuse, Greek historian, 5th cent. BCE  

Klaus Meister

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Antiochus (10), of *Syracuse, probably the oldest of the western Greek historians (see historiography, greek), active in the 5th cent. bce, after *Herodotus (1) but before *Thucydides (2). ... More

Antiochus (9), names of kings of Commagene  

Josef Wiesehöfer

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Antiochus (9), the name of some kings of *Commagene:(full title, Theos Dikaios Epiphanēs Philorhōmaios kai Philhellēn), son of Mithradates Callinicus and Laodice (daughter of the Seleucid king ... More

Antipater (1), Macedonian statesman, 397?–319 BCE  

Albert Brian Bosworth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Trusted lieutenant of *Philip (1) II, he represented the king at Athens in 346 and 338, and governed Macedon during the Danubian campaign of *Alexander (3) the Great (335). From 334 he acted as ... More

Antipater (6), procurator of Judaea, 1st cent. BCE  

Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Antipater (6), father of *Herod (1) the Great, dominated the politics of Palestine for a generation and paved the way for Herod. A wealthy Idumaean, he had close contacts with the monarchy ... More

Antisthenes (2), of Rhodes, Greek historian and Peripatetic philosopher, early 2nd cent. BCE  

Kenneth S. Sacks

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Antisthenes (2), of *Rhodes (fl. early 2nd cent. bce), wrote a history, perhaps of Rhodes, down to his own time (used by *Polybius (1) via *Zeno (4)). He is probably the Peripatetic philosopher who ... More

Antoninus Liberalis  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Antoninus Liberalis, *mythographer, probably of Antonine times, published a Μεταμορφώσεωνσυναγωγή (‘Collection of Metamorphoses’) based on Hellenistic sources, e.g. *Nicander.

Anytus  

Michael Gagarin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anytus, a wealthy Athenian and democratic leader, best known as a prosecutor of *Socrates (399 bce). As general in 409, he failed to prevent the loss of *Pylos (Ath. pol. 27. 5); at his trial he ... More

Apollonius (3), chief minister of Ptolemy (1), 3rd cent. BCE  

Dorothy J. Thompson

Apollonius (3) (3rd cent. bce) served *Ptolemy (1) II as chief minister (dioikētēs) in Egypt and is best known as holder of a 10,000-aroura (2,750-ha: 6,800-acre) crown-gift estate near ... More

Appian  

Kai Brodersen

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Appian (Ἀππιανός) of Alexandria, Greek historian. Born in *Alexandria (1) at the end of the 1st cent. ce, he experienced the Jewish rising of ce 116/7, became a Roman citizen, moved to Rome as an ... More

Aratus (2), 271–213 BCE  

Peter Sidney Derow

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
*Sicyonian statesman. He fled to *Argos (1) after the murder of his father Cleinias in 264 and was educated there. In 251 he expelled the tyrant Nicocles from *Sicyon and joined the city to the ... More

Arcadian League  

James Roy

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Common ethnic identity led to Arcadian federation (see federal states), particularly in the 4th cent. bce. The coin-legend Arkadikon suggests federal ambitions in the 5th cent. bce, and the Spartan ... More

Arcesilas I, II, III, IV  

Alexander John Graham and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Arcesilas I, II, III, IV, second, fourth, sixth, and eighth kings of the Battiads, who ruled *Cyrene from its foundation (c.630 bce) for some 200 years. Information on their reigns comes almost ... More

Archelaus (2), Macedonian king, 413–399 BCE  

C. J. Tuplin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A legitimized son of *Perdiccas (2) II, he gained the throne by murder and was eventually assassinated by two male lovers. His reign, for which see esp. Thuc. 2. 100. 2, is notable for ... More

archers, Greek and Hellenistic  

John F. Lazenby

Archaeological evidence shows that both the ‘self’ (i.e. made of one piece) and the ‘composite’ bow were known to bronze age Greece, and the considerable quantities of arrow-heads—flint, obsidian, ... More

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