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Alcinous (1)  

Herbert Jennings Rose

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alcinous (1) (Ἀλκίνοος), in mythology, son of Nausithous (Od. 7.63), husband of Arete, his niece (7. 66), king of the Phaeacians in Scheria (6. 12, etc.), father of *Nausicaa. He received ... More

Alcmaeon (1), Greek mythical hero, son of Amphiarus and Eriphyle  

Christiane Sourvinou-Inwood

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alcmaeon (1), the son of *Amphiaraus and Eriphyle, who killed his mother in revenge for his father's death. Bribed by Polynices with the necklace of Harmonia, Eriphyle gave a judgement in favour of ... More

Alcmene  

Emily Kearns

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alcmene, mother of *Heracles. Her father was Electryon, who was accidentally killed by her husband *Amphitryon; she followed Amphitryon into exile in *Thebes (1), but refused to sleep with him until ... More

Aletes (1)  

Emily Kearns

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Son of *Aegisthus, killed by *Orestes in Mycenae (Hyg., Fab. 122, perhaps from the Attic tragedy Aletes, TrGF 3. 2. fr. 1b). His name (‘Wanderer’) may suggest an aetiological connection with the ... More

Aloadae  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Ken Dowden

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aloadae, in mythology, Otus and *Ep(h)ialtes (2), sons of Iphimedia and not in fact Aloeus but *Poseidon (Od. 11. 305; Hes. Catalogus mulierum fr. 19 M–W). After nine years they were 9 cubits broad ... More

Alphesiboea  

Herbert Jennings Rose

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alphesiboea, in mythology, daughter of *Phegeus of Psophis and wife of *Alcmaeon (1). According to Propertius 1. 15. 15, she and not Callirhoë's children avenged him; perhaps a mere ... More

Alpheus  

Thomas James Dunbabin, Robert J. Hopper, and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alpheus (Ἀλφειός), the largest river of the *Peloponnese, rises in south *Arcadia near Asea and flows past *Olympia to the Ionian Sea. Its main tributaries are the Arcadian Ladon and Erymanthus; the ... More

altars, Greek  

Frederick Norman Pryce, John Boardman, Antony Spawforth, and J. Linderski

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Indispensable adjunct of *sacrifice in ancient religion.The chief type was the raised bōmos (βωμός) on which a wood fire was lit for the cremation of the victim's thigh-bones and spit-roasting of the ... More

Althaemenes  

Herbert Jennings Rose

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Althaemenes, in mythology, son of *Catreus, king of Crete. Warned by an oracle that he would kill his father, he left Crete for Rhodes. Long after, his father came to seek him; Althaemenes ... More

Amalthea  

J. N. Bremmer

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Amalthea, the goat that suckled *Zeus after his birth, when he was hidden in a cave to prevent his father *Cronus from devouring him (Callim. Hymn 1); later, rationalizing versions made the goat into ... More

Amazons  

Ken Dowden

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Amazons, mythical race of female warriors. The name was popularly understood as ‘breastless’ (maza, ‘breast’) and the story told that they ‘pinched out’ or ‘cauterized’ the right breast so as not to ... More

ambrosia  

Alan H. Griffiths

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ambrosia and nectar are the food and drink of eternal life—usually in that order, though nectar is for eating in Alcman (fr. 42 Page, PMG) and Sappho thinks of ambrosia as a drink (fr. 141 LP). They ... More

Ammon  

Alan H. Griffiths

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Ammon (Ἄμμων), *Hellenized name of Amun, the great god of Egyptian *Thebes (2) and chief divinity of the developed Egyptian pantheon; thus naturally identified with *Zeus (so first in Pindar, who ... More

Amphiaraus  

Hanne Eisenfeld

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Seer and warrior, member of royal family of Argos, descended from Melampus. Son of Oecles, husband of Eriphyle, father of Alcmaeon (1) and Amphilochus. Unwilling participant in the expedition of the ... More

amphictiony  

Jakob Aall Ottesen Larsen and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Amphictiony (from amphiktiones, ‘dwellers around’) is the name given to Greek leagues connected with *sanctuaries and the maintenance of their cults. Most were concentrated in the locality of the ... More

Amphilochus  

Herbert Jennings Rose

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Amphilochus, in mythology, brother of *Alcmaeon (1), and, in some accounts (as Apollod. 3. 82 and 86), his comrade in the expedition of the *Epigoni and helper in slaying Eriphyle. After ... More

Amphion and Zethus  

A. Schachter

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Amphion and Zethus, sons of *Zeus and *Antiope: they founded and walled seven-gated *Thebes (1) (Od. 11. 260–5). The story is fleshed out by Sophocles (Niobe) and Euripides ... More

Amphitryon  

A. Schachter

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Amphitryon, son of Alcaeus king of Tiryns. He and his fiancée *Alcmene (daughter of Electryon king of *Mycenae) were forced to flee to *Thebes (1) after he had accidentally killed ... More

amulets  

H. S. Versnel

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Amulets were magically potent objects worn (hence the Greek names: περίαμμα, περίαπτον) for protection against witchcraft, illness, the evil eye, accidents, robbery, etc. (hence the Greek name: ... More

Amycus  

Herbert Jennings Rose

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Amycus, in mythology, king of the Bebryces, a savage people of *Bithynia. He was of gigantic strength and compelled all comers to the land to box with him, the loser to be at the absolute disposal of ... More

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