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alae  

Brian Campbell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
In the republic alae sociorum were two bodies of Roman allies, including cavalry and infantry, each equivalent in size to a *legion, which fought on the wings (alae) of the battle-line. After the ... More

Alba Fucens  

T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alba Fucens, a Latin colony of 6,000 (see ius latii) founded by Rome in 303 bce, on a hill above the Fucine lake (see fucinus lacus) in central Italy. It was connected to Rome by the *via ... More

Albinovanus, Celsus  

Edward Courtney

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Albinovanus, Celsus, secretary of *Tiberius, whom he accompanied to Armenia in 21–20 bce, and friend of *Horace (Epist. 1. 3. 15–20, 8. 1), who gently rebukes him for writing excessively ... More

Albucius, Titus, senator and orator  

Christian James Fordyce and M. T. Griffin

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Albucius, Titus senator and orator, who in youth had studied in Athens. *Lucilius (1) satirized the absurdities of his Graecomania (88–93 Marx), and *Cicero called him ‘learned in Greek letters, or ... More

alcoholism, Roman  

John Maxwell O'Brien and Barney Rickenbacker

The ancient Romans were as interested in the harmful effects of excessive drinking and chronic intoxication as their Greek counterparts. In On the Nature of Things, *Lucretius writes that wine's fury ... More

Alfenus Varus, Publius  

Ernst Badian and Tony Honoré

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alfenus Varus, Publius, suffect consul 39 bce. Born at *Cremona, he was the first Cisalpine to gain a consulship, and the only one under Augustus. (His son, consul ce 2, was presumably born in Rome, ... More

Alfenus Senecio, Lucius  

Anthony R. Birley

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alfenus Senecio, Lucius, from *Cuicul in Numidia, either the son of a procurator of the same names who became governor of Mauretania Caesariensis (see caesarea (3)), or perhaps identical with him—in ... More

Allobroges  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Allobroges, a developing iron age people of central Gaul. They were annexed to Rome in 121 bce by Cn. *Domitius Ahenobarbus (2) and Q. *Fabius Maximus (Allobrogicus). An attempted revolt was crushed ... More

Ambiorix  

Howard Hayes Scullard and John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ambiorix, chief of the Eburones, a Gallic tribe between the Meuse and the Rhine who were freed by *Caesar from dependence on the Atuatuci. However, in 54 bce Ambiorix revolted against Caesar: through ... More

ambitus  

Andrew Lintott

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ambitus, a ‘going round’, is related to ambitio, the pursuit of public office, but always, unlike ambitio, denotes reprehensible activity which has been declared illegal.Specifically it refers to ... More

Ampius Balbus, Titus  

Howard Hayes Scullard and Ernst Badian

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ampius Balbus, Titus, called by his enemies ‘the trumpet of Civil War’ (Cic. Fam. 6. 12. 3), was tribune (63 bce), pro-Pompeian, and proconsul in *Asia in 58 and possibly of *Cilicia after ... More

Amyntas (2), client king of the Romans, late 1st cent. BCE  

Max Cary, Theodore John Cadoux, and Barbara Levick

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Amyntas (2), a dependent king (see client kings) of the Romans in Asia Minor. Secretary of *Deiotarus, he commanded the Galatian auxiliaries of the Liberators in 42 bce, but deserted after ... More

Anicetus  

Arnaldo Momigliano and M. T. Griffin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anicetus or ‘Aniketos’, freedman and tutor of *Nero, who used him when prefect of the fleet at *Misenum to murder *Iulia Agrippina. Subsequently induced to confess himself the paramour of ... More

Anicius Faustus, Quintus  

Anthony R. Birley

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Anicius Faustus, Quintus, from Uzappa near Mactar in Africa, as legate of Legio III Augusta from 197–201 was responsible for extending the network of forts in southern Numidia and Tripolitania, from ... More

Annaeus Mela, Lucius  

E. Phillips Barker and M. T. Griffin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
, youngest son of the elder Seneca (L. *Annaeus Seneca (1)) and father of Lucan M. *Annaeus Lucanus, was an imperial procurator of equestrian status. Claiming Lucan's property after his death in the ... More

Annaeus Novatus  

Arnaldo Momigliano and M. T. Griffin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Annaeus Novatus, brother of the philosopher L. *Annaeus Seneca (2), was adopted (between 41 and 52) by the orator and senator L. Junius Gallio, by which name he was then known. As proconsul of Achaia ... More

annals and annalists  

Tim Cornell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The Latin word annales (‘yearbooks’, ‘annals’) became the standard term for historical records in a general sense, and was frequently used by historians as a title for their works, probably in ... More

Annia Aurelia Galeria Lucilla  

Anthony R. Birley

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Annia Aurelia Galeria Lucilla, daughter of M. *Aurelius and *Annia Galeria Faustina (2), was born on 7 March 150 ce and betrothed in 161 to L. *Verus, whom she married at Ephesus in 164, becoming ... More

Annia Galeria Faustina (1), aunt of Marcus Aurelius, d. 140 CE  

Anthony R. Birley

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Annia Galeria Faustina (1), daughter of M. *Annius Verus (3rd consulship 126 ce) and Rupilia Faustina, aunt of Marcus *Aurelius, was married to the future Emperor *Antoninus Pius and bore him two ... More

Annia Galeria Faustina (2), wife of Marcus Aurelius, d. 175 CE  

Anthony R. Birley

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Annia Galeria Faustina (2), younger daughter of *Antoninus Pius and the *elder Faustina, was betrothed at *Hadrian's wish to the future L. *Verus in ce 138; this was set aside by Antoninus after ... More

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