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Zela  

Thomas Robert Shannon Broughton and Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Zela (mod. Zile), an ancient temple-state of *Pontus with a large and fertile territory and a considerable population of sacred slaves (*hierodouloi) attached to the land and to the ... More

Zeno (1), of Elea, philosoper and friend of Parmenides  

Malcolm Schofield

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Zeno (1), of Elea is portrayed by *Plato(1) (Prm. 127b) as the pupil and friend of *Parmenides, and junior to him by 25 years. Their fictional meeting with a ‘very young’ *Socrates (ibid.) ... More

Zeno (2), of Citium, founder of Stoicism  

Julia Annas

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Zeno (2), of Citium (*Cyprus), (335–263 bce), founder of *Stoicism. He came to Athens in 313 and is said to have studied with or been influenced by various philosophers, notably *Crates (2) the ... More

Zeno (3), of Tarsus, Stoic  

Julia Annas

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Zeno (3) of *Tarsus, Stoic (See stoicism), *Chrysippus' successor as head of the Stoa in 204 bce. He had many followers, but wrote little; he had doubts about ekpyrōsis (conversion into ... More

Zeno (4), of Rhodes, politician, early 2nd cent. BCE  

Kenneth S. Sacks

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Zeno (4) was a politician who wrote a history of Rhodes from the beginnings to his own times. *Polybius (1) used it (along with the work of *Antisthenes(2)), although he criticized its patriotic ... More

Zeno (5), of Sidon, Epicurean, b. c. 150 BCE  

William David Ross and Dirk Obbink

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Epicurean (See epicurus), pupil of the Epicurean Apollodorus and probably head of the school between him and *Phaedrus(3). *Cicero heard him lecture in Athens in 79–78, and found him querulous and ... More

Zeno (6), of Sidon, Stoic  

Julia Annas

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy

Zeno (6) of *Sidon, Stoic (See stoicism), pupil of *Diodorus(2) Cronus and of *Zeno(2).

Zeno (7), Herophilean physician, 2nd cent. BCE  

Heinrich von Staden

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Zeno (7) (2nd cent. bce), a physician of the ‘school’ of *Herophilus, participated in the Herophilean traditions of innovative pulse theory, *pharmacology, and Hippocratic lexicography (see ... More

Zenobia  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Zenobia (Septimia), or in *AramaicBath Zabbai, one of the great women of classical antiquity (PLRE 1. 990 f.). The second wife of *Septimius Odaenathus of *Palmyra, on his death in ce 267, in ... More

Zenodorus, mathematician, fl. 200 BCE  

G. J. Toomer

Online publication date:
Mar 2016

Zenodorus, mathematician (fl. 200 bce), wrote Περὶ ἰσοπεριμέτρων σχημάτων (On figures of equal boundary), parts of which are preserved by *Theon(4) and *Pappus.

Zenodotus, of Ephesus, b. c. 325 BCE  

John Francis Lockwood, Robert Browning, and Nigel Wilson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Zenodotus of Ephesus (b. c. 325 bce), pupil of *Philitas, became the first head of the Library at *Alexandria (c. 284) and undertook the classification of the Greek epic and lyric poets, some of ... More

Zephyrus  

Alan H. Griffiths

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Zephyrus (W), Boreas (N), and Notus (S) winds catalogued by *Hesiod at Theog.378–80. But epic may conceive of them, as convenient, either as minor gods who feast in their own palaces (Il. 23. 200 ... More

zeugitai  

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Theodore John Cadoux, and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Zeugitai (from zeugos, ‘yoke’), at Athens, Solon's third property class, said (perhaps by false analogy with *pentakosiomedimnoi) to comprise men whose land yielded between 200 and 300 ... More

Zeugitana  

Brian Herbert Warmington

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The name, of unknown origin, sometimes applied to the northern part of the province of Africa (see africa, roman), centred on *Carthage. It is used by *Pliny(1) (HN 5. 23), but then seems to have ... More

Zeugma  

Margaret Stephana Drower, Eric William Gray, and Susan Mary Sherwin-White

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Zeugma (mod. Bâlkîs, opposite Bîrecik), in *Syria on the right bank of the *Euphrates at its chief crossing, about 112 km. (70 miles) below *Samosata. Twin colonies Seleuceia (right bank) ... More

Zeus  

Fritz Graf

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Zeus, the main divinity of the Greek pantheon (see olympian gods; religion, greek) and the only major Greek god whose *Indo-European origin is undisputed. His name is connected with Latin ... More

Zeus in art  

Karim Arafat

Although 8th-cent. figurines may represent Zeus, he does not assume a type until early Archaic, when he strides with thunderbolt and, rarely, eagle. In the Classical period, Zeus is quieter, often ... More

Zeuxis (1), of Heraclea (1) in Lucania, painter, 397 BCE  

Karim Arafat

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Zeuxis (1), painter, of *Heraclea(1) in Lucania, pupil of Neseus of Thasos or Damophilus of Himera. *Pliny(1) dates him 397 bce, rejecting 424. *Quintilian dates both him and *Parrhasius to the ... More

Zeuxis (2), 'the Empiricist', Greek physician, 2nd cent. BCE  

Heinrich von Staden

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Zeuxis (2), a physician of the Empiricist school (see medicine, § 5.3; probably 2nd cent. bce), wrote commentaries on all the ‘authentic’ works of *Hippocrates (2) (according to *Galen), often taking ... More

Zeuxis (3), Philalethes ('Truth-lover'), Greek physician  

Heinrich von Staden

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Philalethes (the ‘Truth-lover’), physician, founder of the Asian branch of the ‘school’ of *Herophilus. A contemporary of Strabo (Geography 12. 8. 20, 580c), he established the ‘school’ ... More

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