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Thyia  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Thyia (Θυία), apparently the same word as θυιάς, a Bacchante (see dionysus; maenads). There being a spot so named at *Delphi (Hdt. 7. 178. 2), she is occasionally heard of (in Herodotus) ... More

Tiresias  

A. Schachter

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Tiresias, legendary seer whose ghost was consulted by *Odysseus (Od. 10. 490–5, 11. 90–9). He was the resident mantis (seer) of the Cadmeans of *Thebes (1), surviving from the time of *Cadmus (when ... More

Titan  

Ken Dowden

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Titan, name inherited by *Hesiod for gods of the generation preceding the Olympians (see olympian gods). There is no plausible etymology unless once it meant ‘king’ (Hesychius interprets a word ... More

tithe  

Nils Martin Persson Nilsson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Tithe, dekatē, the tenth part of a revenue offered as thank-offering to a god; the sense is often the same as that of *votive offering, *aparchē. For example, a certain Aeschines offered a statue to ... More

Tityus  

Herbert Jennings Rose

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Tityus, a son of Earth (*Gaia), whom *Odysseus saw in *Hades, covering nine acres of ground, while two vultures tore at his liver, as a punishment for assaulting *Leto (Od. 11. 576–81). The seat of ... More

Tlepolemus  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Emily Kearns

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Tlepolemus, son of *Heracles (by Astyoche or Astydamia) and founder of the Rhodian cities (see rhodes). On reaching maturity he killed his father's uncle *Licymnius(1), either accidentally or in a ... More

Tmolus  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Tmolus (Τμῶλος), the deity of the Lydian mountain so named (see lydia). He appears, with *Midas(1), as judge of the contest between *Apollo and *Pan (Ov.Met. 11. 156 ff.), and as a ... More

torch-race  

Robert Parker

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Torch-race (lampadedromia), a spectacular ritual race, normally a relay, in which fire was taken from one altar to another. Most of the evidence comes from Athens, where lexicographers ... More

transvestism, ritual  

Fritz Graf

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The wearing of a dress of the opposite gender during *ritual. Ritual transvestism belongs to rituals of reversal where the values of ordinary life are temporarily abandoned; it is often ... More

trees, sacred  

Sam Eitrem, Johan Harm Croon, B. C. Dietrich, and Alan A. D. Peatfield

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Trees have been involved in cult in the Aegean world since the bronze age (see religion, minoan and mycenaean). They perhaps symbolized the renewal of life, appearing as central features in a ... More

Triopas  

Richard Hunter

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Triopas, a *Dorian culture-hero, usually the son of *Helios, but sometimes of *Poseidon, and associated with *Cnidus. ‘Concerning the genealogy of Triopas many historians and poets disagree’ (Diod. ... More

Triptolemus  

Nicholas J. Richardson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Triptolemus, one of the princes of *Eleusis in the Homeric*Hymn to Demeter (153, 474), to whom the goddess teaches her *mysteries. Athens claimed that he was given corn and the ... More

Triton  

Karim Arafat

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The meaning of the name is unknown. Tritons sometimes play a subordinate part in a legend: a triton in human form appears to the *Argonauts at Lake Tritonis and gives them a clod of earth which was ... More

tritopatores, tritopatreis  

Michael H. Jameson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The spirits of the collective ancestors of a gentilitial group (such as a *genos, ‘clan’) or of a community, they were concerned with its propagation and continuation. Known from *Attica, ... More

Troezen  

Michael H. Jameson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Troezen, a city-state at the eastern end of the Argolic peninsula (see argos(1)). The town (Geometric to early Byzantine) lay inland from the large anchorage, Pogon, where the Greek fleet ... More

Troilus  

Jenny March

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Troilus (Τρωΐλος), in mythology son of *Priam and *Hecuba, though sometimes said to be son of *Apollo (Apollod. 3. 12. 5). In Homer's Iliad he is mentioned only as being dead (24. 257). Later ... More

Trophonius  

A. Schachter

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Trophonius, son of Erginus, was with his brother Agamedes a renowned master-builder whose work included the lower courses of *Apollo's first temple at Delphi (Homeric Hymn to Apollo295–7), the ... More

Tyche  

Noel Robertson and B. C. Dietrich

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Fate, fortune both good and bad. The connection with τυγχάνειν always remains evident, reinforcing the sense of sudden change and fortuitous happenings in the individual's life. Like Moira (see ... More

Tydeus  

Alan H. Griffiths

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Tydeus (Τυδεύς), son of *Oeneus, legendary warrior of the generation before the Trojan War. Leaving his homeland in *Aetolia he came to *Argos (1), where *Adrastus(1) gave him his daughter Deipyle in ... More

Tyndareos  

Jenny March

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Tyndareos (Τυνδάρεως or -ος), in mythology husband of *Leda and father, real or putative, of *Helen, *Clytemnestra, the *Dioscuri, Timandra, and Philonoe. His brothers were said to be Leucippus, ... More

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