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Arrephoria  

Christiane Sourvinou-Inwood

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Athenian festival, at which a rite is performed by the arrhēphoroi, two or four girls between the ages of 7 and 11, chosen by the basileus (see archontes) to serve *Athena Polias (cf. e.g. schol. Ar. ... More

Arretium  

John Bryan Ward-Perkins and D. W. R. Ridgway

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Arretium (mod. Arezzo), north-easternmost of the cities of Etruria (see etruscans) and one of the latest founded. It is not certain when it passed under Roman rule, but in the 3rd cent. bce it was an ... More

Arria (1), 'the Elder', wife of A. Caecina Paetus, d. 42 CE  

Arnaldo Momigliano and M. T. Griffin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Arria the Elder, the wife of A. Caecina Paetus, celebrated for her courage and self-control. Thus when her husband was condemned by *Claudius for his part in the conspiracy of L. *Arruntius Camillus ... More

Arria (2), 'the Younger', wife of P. Clodius Thrasea Paetus, 1st cent. CE  

Arnaldo Momigliano and M. T. Griffin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Arria the Younger, daughter of *Arria (1), was wife of P. *Clodius Thrasea Paetus, mother of Fannia (who became the wife of *Helvidius Priscus), and relative of *Persius. She wished to die beside her ... More

Arrian, c. 86–160 CE  

Albert Brian Bosworth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Born in *Nicomedia in *Bithynia, he held local office and pursued studies with *Epictetus, whose lectures he later published (allegedly verbatim) as the Discourses and summarized in the Encheiridion ... More

Arrius Antoninus  

Guy Edward Farquhar Chilver

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Arrius Antoninus, maternal grandfather of the emperor *Antoninus Pius, was suffect consul in 69 ce, proconsul of Asia under *Vespasian, and consul again in 97 under his friend, the emperor *Nerva. He ... More

Arrius Varus  

Ronald Syme

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Arrius Varus, a Roman knight, served with distinction as praefectus cohortis under *Corbulo, but later is said to have defamed his old commander to Nero. In ce 69, when a *primipilus in one of the ... More

Ar(r)uns  

Tim Cornell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ar(r)uns, the Latinized form of a common Etruscan praenomen, widely attested in Etruscan inscriptions in the form arnθ. A legendary Arruns appears in the Aeneid (11. 759 f.) among the Etruscan allies ... More

Arruntius, Lucius (1), Roman consul, 22 BCE  

Geoffrey Walter Richardson and Barbara Levick

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Lucius Arruntius, of non-senatorial family from Atina, was proscribed in 43 bce (see proscription), but escaped to Sextus *Pompeius. He returned to Italy in 39 after the treaty of *Misenum ... More

Arruntius, Lucius (2), Roman consul, 6 CE  

Theodore John Cadoux and Barbara Levick

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Lucius Arruntius,consul 6 ce and son of *Arruntius (1), also an orator. Wealth, connections, energy, accomplishments, and integrity made him one of the most influential senators of his time, but the ... More

Arruntius Camillus Scribonianus, Lucius  

John Percy Vyvian Dacre Balsdon and Barbara Levick

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Lucius Arruntius Camillus Scribonianus, consul 32 ce. Adopted son of L. *Arruntius (2), and descended from *Sulla and *Pompey, he was legate of *Dalmatia under *Gaius (1) and *Claudius. In ... More

Arruntius Celsus  

R. A. Kaster

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Arruntius Celsus, grammatical authority of uncertain date (before mid-3rd cent. ce) cited by *Iulius Romanus (in Charisius), *Diomedes (3), *Consentius, *Priscian, and (perhaps) the ... More

Arruntius Scribonianus, Lucius (Furius)  

John Percy Vyvian Dacre Balsdon and Barbara Levick

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Arruntius, son of L. *Arruntius Camillus Scribonianus but spared by *Claudius, claimed descent from Pompeius Magnus, i.e. *Pompey (ILS976), and was banished in 52 ce for consulting ... More

Arruntius Stella, Lucius  

Mario Citroni

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Lucius Arruntius Stella, *suffect consul 101 or 102 ce(CIL 6. 1492; Mart. 12.2. 10). Born in Padua (*Patavium), he became quindecimvir sacris faciundis and was in charge (as aedile?) of the ... More

ars  

M. Winterbottom

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ars, Gk. technē, ‘art’, came to have the concrete sense ‘treatise’. Handbooks whose titles incorporated this word were often concerned with grammar or rhetoric. *Ovid's Ars ... More

Arsacids  

Josef Wiesehöfer

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
The Iranian royal dynasty with its original centre in *Parthiac.250 bce–224 ce. Named after the tribal chieftain Arsaces, who had invaded the former Seleucid satrapy of Parthia from the north and ... More

Arsameia  

Eric William Gray, Susan Mary Sherwin-White, and Josef Wiesehöfer

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Near East
Name of two cities in *Commagene:(1) Arsameia by the Euphrates (mod. Gerger);(2) Arsameia by the Nymphaeus (mod. Eski Kahta) identified by remarkable inscriptions (with a rock relief) recording the ... More

Arsinoë I, b. c. 300 BCE  

Dorothy J. Thompson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Arsinoë I (b. c. 300 bce), daughter of *Lysimachus, was married to *Ptolemy (1) II, perhaps in 285 bce when he became co-regent; they had three children: *Ptolemy (1) III, *Berenice (2) (who married ... More

Arsinoë II Philadelphus  

Dorothy J. Thompson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Arsinoë II Philadelphus (‘Brother-loving’) (c.316–270 bce), daughter of *Ptolemy (1) I and his mistress *Berenice (1), was married first (300/299) to *Lysimachus whom she aided in his bid for the ... More

Arsinoë III, b. c. 245 BCE  

Dorothy J. Thompson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Arsinoë III (b. c.245 bce), daughter of *Ptolemy (1) III and *Berenice (3) II, married her brother *Ptolemy (1) IV Philopator (see incest). Her murder, during the palace coup in 204, ... More

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