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Archidamian War  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The Archidamian War is the name given to the first decade (431–421 bce) of the main *Peloponnesian War. The name derives from King *Archidamus II of Sparta, who had, however, opposed the war. ... More

Archidamus, 'leader of the damos'  

Paul Cartledge

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Archidamus, ‘leader of the damos’, was the name of several *Eurypontid kings of Sparta, of whom the most notable were:Archidamus II, who married an aunt and reigned for over 40 years (?469–427 bce), ... More

Areus  

Paul Cartledge

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Areus, self-styled ‘king of the Spartans’, was the first Spartan king to hold an elaborate court and to issue silver coins (using types of *Alexander (3) the Great of Macedon). He was the addressee ... More

Ariobarzanes  

Thomas Robert Shannon Broughton and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ariobarzanes, the name of some kings of *Cappadocia:(c.95–63/2), a Cappadocian noble whom the Cappadocians chose in preference to *Ariarathes IX when the previous dynasty came to an end. His career ... More

Aristagoras (1), deputy tyrant of Miletus, c. 505–496 BCE  

D. Lateiner

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aristagoras (1), deputy tyrant of *Miletusc.505–496 bce in *Histiaeus' absence and influential rebel with too many causes. Trying to extend Miletus' Aegean power, he promoted a joint ... More

Aristides (1), Athenian politician, 5th cent. BCE  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aristides (1) 5th-cent. bce Athenian politician, probably cousin of the rich and well-born *Callias (1) son of Hipponicus and friend of *Cleisthenes (2), and not as poor as generally alleged in ... More

Aristion  

Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aristion, Athenian citizen and partisan of *Mithradates VI, with the backing of *Archelaus (3) made himself tyrant of *Athens in 87 bce in succession to Athenion, a *Peripatetic ... More

Aristobulus (1), of Cassandreia, Greek historian, 4th–3rd cent. BCE  

Albert Brian Bosworth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aristobulus of Cassandreia, historian of *Alexander (3) the Great, served with the king as a minor officer and in his old age, after *Ipsus (301 bce), wrote an influential history of the ... More

Aristodemus Malacus (2), 'the Effeminate'  

Tim Cornell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aristodemus (2) Malacus (‘the Effeminate’), tyrant of *Cumae, 504–c.490 bce. An account of the career of this colourful tyrant in *Dionysius (7) of Halicarnassus (7. 3–11) derives, ... More

Aristodemus (3), Greek historian  

Godfrey Louis Barber and Kenneth S. Sacks

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aristodemus (3), of unknown date (4th cent. ce ?), compiled a history of Greece which included at least the period 480–431 bce, perhaps as a handbook for students of rhetoric. Aristodemus ... More

Aristogiton  

Rosalind Thomas

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aristogiton (Ἀριστογείτων), Athenian tyrannicide. He and Harmodius, both of the family of Gephyraei, provoked, according to *Thucydides (2), by amorous rivalry, plotted along with others to kill the ... More

Aristonicus (1), d. 128 BCE  

R. M. Errington

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aristonicus (1) (d. 128 bce), perhaps illegitimate son of *Eumenes (2) II of Pergamum, led an insurrection in *Asia Minor (133–129) after *Attalus III's death. He issued Attalid coins, ‘cistophori’ ... More

Aristophon, Athenian politician, c. 435–c. 335 BCE  

George Law Cawkwell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aristophon (c. 435–c. 335 BCE) Athenian politician, whose activities, extending from 403/2 to the late 340s, brought him into opposition first to the party of *Callistratus (2) over relations with ... More

Arrian, c. 86–160 CE  

Albert Brian Bosworth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Born in *Nicomedia in *Bithynia, he held local office and pursued studies with *Epictetus, whose lectures he later published (allegedly verbatim) as the Discourses and summarized in the Encheiridion ... More

Arsinoë I, b. c. 300 BCE  

Dorothy J. Thompson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Arsinoë I (b. c. 300 bce), daughter of *Lysimachus, was married to *Ptolemy (1) II, perhaps in 285 bce when he became co-regent; they had three children: *Ptolemy (1) III, *Berenice (2) (who married ... More

Artaxerxes (5) V  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Now that Arses is known to have taken the regnal name *Artaxerxes (4) IV (see E. Badian in Festschrift F. Schachermeyr (1977)) it follows that Bessus, satrap of *Bactria and pretender to the Persian ... More

Artemisia (1), ruler, early 5th cent. BCE  

Piero Treves and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Artemisia (1), early 5th-cent. bce ruler, under Persian suzerainty, over *Halicarnassus, *Cos, *Nisyrus, and *Calymnos: Herodotus 7. 99 mentioning her Cretan mother. In the *Persian Wars ... More

Artemisia (2)  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Artemisia (2), daughter of *Hecatomnus, ruled *Caria with her full brother and incestuous husband *Mausolus (see incest) in the mid-4th cent. bce: RO no. 55, joint decree in Greek (‘it seemed good to ... More

Artemisium, battle of, 480 BCE  

John F. Lazenby

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Pevki bay near *Artemisium on *Euboea was probably the base of the Greek fleet during the three days of fighting which coincided with the battle of *Thermopylae. With fewer and slower ... More

Artemon (3), 'the Historian', of Pergamum  

John Dewar Denniston, Kenneth Dover, and M. B. Trapp

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Artemon (3), of Pergamum, also styled ‘the historian’, perhaps identical with *Artemon (2) of Cassandreia, Cassandreia being his birthplace, Pergamum the scene of his literary activity. He ... More

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