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Amymone  

Herbert Jennings Rose

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Amymone (Ἀμυμώνη), in mythology, daughter of *Danaus. While at *Argos (1) she went for water, was rescued from a satyr, and seduced by *Poseidon, who created the spring Amymone in ... More

Amyzon  

Simon Hornblower

Amyzon, remote but important *sanctuary in *Caria, north of *Mylasa. Greek inscriptions have been found there dating from the time of the 4th-cent. bce Hecatomnid *satrap*Idrieus, also of *Philip (2) ... More

Anakes  

Robert Parker

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anakes (Ἄνακες), old by-form of ἄνακτες, ‘lords’, ‘kings’ (the latter being the meaning of anax in Linear B). This is the surprising title under which the *Dioscuri were invariably worshipped in ... More

Ancaeus  

Richard Hunter

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Ancaeus, in mythology, (1) son of Lycurgus from *Tegea in Arcadia. *Pausanias (3) identifies him with the father of *Agapenor who led the Arcadians at Troy (8. 4. 10). He joined the *Argonautic ... More

Andania  

Emily Kearns

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Andania, a town in *Messenia, ruined in the time of *Pausanias (4. 33. 4–6), with which was associated a celebration of *mysteries which the travel writer ranked second in holiness to the ... More

Androgeos  

Emily Kearns

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Androgeos (Ἀνδρόγεως), son of *Minos, who died an untimely death in Attica, either treacherously killed by his defeated rivals in the Panathenaic Games (see panathenaea), or sent by *Aegeus against ... More

androgyny  

Luc Brisson

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
In the modern use, “bisexuality” refers to sexual object choice, whereas “androgyny” refers to sexual identity. In ancient Greece and Rome, however, these terms sometimes refer to human ... More

Andromache  

Jenny March

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Andromache, daughter of *Eëtion king of Thebe in the Troad (see troas), and wife of *Hector (Il. 6. 395 ff.). Her father and seven brothers were killed by *Achilles, and her mother ransomed for a ... More

Andromeda  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Jenny March

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Andromeda, in mythology, the daughter of *Cepheus, king of the Ethiopians, and his wife Cassiepeia or Cassiope. The following, founded on Apollod. 2. 4. 3–5, is the usual legend. Cassiepeia boasted ... More

angels  

Sam Eitrem and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Angels, (ἄγγελοι), ‘messengers’. *Hermes was considered the messenger of Zeus, and named Angelos (once Euangelos). *Iris was ascribed the same function; for *Plato (1) (Cra. 407e, 408b) the two are ... More

animals in cult  

Emily Kearns

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Numerous features of Greek religion attest links between animals and gods, usually between one animal or group of animals and one divinity. Thus *Athena is associated with various birds (in Athens ... More

Anius  

Herbert Jennings Rose, B. C. Dietrich, and Alan A. D. Peatfield

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anius, son of Apollo and king of *Delos. He prophesied that the Trojan War would last ten years. His mother Rhoeo (Pomegranate) was descended from *Dionysus through her father Staphylus ... More

Antaeus  

Herbert Jennings Rose

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Antaeus (Ἀνταῖος), in mythology, a giant, son of *Poseidon and Earth (*Gaia), living in Libya; he compelled all comers to wrestle with him and killed them when overcome (Pind. Isthm. 4. 56 ff. and ... More

Antenor(1)  

Roger Aubrey Baskerville Mynors

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Antenor (1), in mythology, an elderly and upright counsellor in Troy during the siege, who advised the return of *Helen to the Greeks, and in return for this (or, according to much later accounts, ... More

Anthesteria  

Robert Parker

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anthesteria, a festival of *Dionysus which despite its name (suggesting anthos, flower) was associated particularly with the new wine. It was celebrated in most Ionian communities, but details are ... More

anthropology  

J. T. Vallance

It is probably misleading, though not entirely inappropriate, to use this word to describe the ancient study of man and society. Misleading, because anthropology did not really exist as the kind of ... More

anthropology and the classics  

Helen King

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Anthropology and the classics currently enjoy a fairly good relationship, but one which has never been stable. In the 19th cent. the interest of evolutionary anthropology in a ‘savage’ ... More

Anticlea  

Nicholas J. Richardson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Anticlea, daughter of *Autolycus (1), wife of Laertes, and mother of *Odysseus and Ctimene. Her ghost tells Odysseus how she died of longing for him (Od. 11. 84–5, 152–224; cf. 15. 353–65). She ... More

Antigone (1)  

Andrew Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Antigone (1), daughter of *Oedipus and Iocasta, sister of *Eteocles, Polynices and Ismene. *Sophocles (1)'s Antigone deals with events after the Theban War, in which Eteocles and ... More

Antilochus  

Herbert Jennings Rose

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Antilochus, in mythology, son of *Nestor, mentioned several times in the Iliad as a brave warrior and a fine runner (e.g. 15. 569–70). He brings *Achilles the news of *Patroclus' death (18. 2 ff.), ... More

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