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Antinous (1), mythical suitor of Penelope in the Odyssey  

Nicholas J. Richardson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016

Antinous (1), son of Eupeithes (Od. 1. 383), ringleader of *Penelope's suitors, and first to be killed by *Odysseus, whose kingship he is said to have wished to usurp (Od. 22. 8–53).

Antiope  

A. Schachter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Antiope, mother of *Amphion and Zethus, whom she bore to *Zeus and/or *Epopeus of *Sicyon. In Odyssey 11. 260–2 she is daughter of Asopus. This would locate her firmly in southern *Boeotia, and fits ... More

aparchē  

Irad Malkin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aparchē, ‘first-fruits’, a gift to the gods consisting in a part representing the whole, and hence named ‘from the beginning’ (Gk. ap-archai, Lat. primitiae, Hebr. bikkurim). The swineherd ... More

Apaturia  

Robert Parker

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Apaturia, an *Ionian festival. (*Apellai (2) was a partial Dorian/Boeotian equivalent.) According to Herodotus (1. 147), Ionians are all those who ‘derive from Athens and celebrate the festival ... More

Apellai (1), festival of Apollo, primarily at Sparta  

Paul Cartledge

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Apellai (1) was a festival of *Apollo at Sparta and elsewhere, the orthography deriving from the Doric form (Apellōn): see apellai (2). At Sparta, the festival was monthly, on the seventh, and it was ... More

Apellai (2), festival of Apollo, corresponding to the Apaturia  

Paul Cartledge

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The principal annual celebration of this *Dorian festival of Apollo corresponded to the Ionian *Apaturia, at which new members of the *phratry and tribe (see phylai) were formally admitted. The ... More

Aphaea  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aphaea (Ἀφαία), a goddess worshipped in *Aegina, where the ruins of her temple (famous for its pedimental sculptures, now in Munich) are extant. She was identified with *Britomartis (Paus. ... More

Aphrodite  

V. Pirenne-Delforge and André Motte

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aphrodite (Ἀφροδίτη). Born from the severed genitals of *Uranus according to *Hesiod (Theog. 188–206), or in the Homeric version (see homer) daughter of *Zeus and *Dione (Il. 5. 370–417), ... More

Apollo  

Fritz Graf

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Apollo (Ἀπόλλων, Dor. also Ἀπέλλων), Greek god, son of *Zeus and *Leto, brother of *Artemis, for many ‘the most Greek of Greek gods’ (W. F. Otto). Among his numerous and diverse functions healing ... More

Apollodorus (9), Greek author of the Bibliotheca, 2nd cent. CE  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Apollodorus (9), author of a very useful complete collection of the Greek myths, the Bibliotheca (‘library’), which was attributed, in antiquity and by *Photius, to no. (6) above. But a ... More

Apollonius (1) Rhodius  

Richard Hunter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Apollonius (1) Rhodius, a major literary figure of 3rd-century bce*Alexandria (1), and poet of the Argonautica, the only extant Greek hexameter *epic written between *Homer and the Roman imperial ... More

apophrades  

J. D. Mikalson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Apophrades were ‘impure’ days of the Athenian *calendar, days associated with inauspicious rites (as e.g. of the *Plynteria (Plut. Alc. 34; Poll. 8. 141)), homicide trials in the *Areopagus court, ... More

Arachne, 'Spider'  

Alan H. Griffiths

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Daughter of a Lydian dyer who challenged *Athena to a weaving contest. No doubt her story was originally a cautionary tale like those of *Thamyris and *Marsyas (1), warning against the ... More

Arcadian cults and myths  

Madeleine Jost

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Apart from *Hephaestus, all the gods common to the Greeks are found in Arcadia. But certain deities are peculiar to the region, such as Alea, who was for a long time an independent goddess, and who ... More

Arcas  

Madeleine Jost

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Eponymous hero of *Arcadia, whose name suggests ‘bear’ (ἄρκτος). He was the son of *Callisto and *Zeus, and when his mother was transformed into a she-bear he was saved by Hermes, who entrusted him ... More

archēgetēs  

Irad Malkin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Denoting genealogical origins, political beginnings, and leadership, archēgetēs was a cult-title of heroic progenitors of families or tribes (Ath. pol. 21. 6; see hero-cult), and of ... More

Arcisius  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Arcisius (Ἁρκείσιος), in mythology, father of Laertes and grandfather of *Odysseus; his own parentage is variously given. In one story, his mother was a she-bear (Ἀρκείσιος—ἅρκτος, ... More

Areithous  

Herbert Jennings Rose

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Areithous (Ἀρηΐθοος), a mythological character, surnamed Κορυνήτης, i.e. Club-man, because he fought with a club of iron; his armour had been given him by *Ares. Lycurgus the Arcadian caught him in a ... More

Ares  

Fritz Graf

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ares (Ἄρης, Aeol. Ἄρευς), the Greek war-god as embodiment of the ambivalent (destructive but often useful) forces of war, in contrast to Athena who represents the intelligent and orderly use of war ... More

Argonauts, mythical hero group from Greek epic  

Richard Hunter

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Argonauts, one of the earliest (cf. Hom. Od. 12. 69–72) and most important Greek sagas, set in the generation before the Trojan War and involving heroes particularly associated with *Thessaly, ... More

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