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Vettius, Lucius  

Ernst Badian

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Lucius Vettius, an eques (see equites, Origins and republic) from *Picenum, served under Cn. *Pompeius Strabo and *Sulla and became a friend of L. *Sergius Catilina. Involved in his conspiracy (63 ... More

Vettius Bolanus, Marcus  

Guy Edward Farquhar Chilver and M. T. Griffin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Marcus Vettius Bolanus, commanded a legion under *Corbulo in Armenia (62 ce), was *suffect consul about 66, and was sent by A. *Vitellius as legate (see legati) of *Britain in 69. With his ... More

Vettius Scato, Publius  

Ernst Badian

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Marsic ‘praetor’ i.e. commander in the *Social War (3); see marsi. In summer 90 bce he won several victories, finally killing the consul P. Rutilius Lupus. Driven back by Lupus' legate C. *Marius(1), ... More

Vibenna, Caelius  

Howard Hayes Scullard and Tim Cornell

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Caelius (Caeles)Vibenna, an *Etruscan adventurer who, according to Roman tradition, came to help *Tarquinius Priscus (Tac.Ann. 4. 65; *Romulus according to *Varro, Ling. 5. 46; Paul.–Fest. 38 L) and ... More

Vibius Crispus, Lucius Iunius Quintus  

Guy Edward Farquhar Chilver and Barbara Levick

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Lucius Iunius Quintus Vibius Crispus, from *Vercellae (mod. Vercelli) in Transpadane Italy (see transpadana), was *suffect consul ? 61, 74, and early 83 ce. He was curator aquarum68–71 (see ... More

Vibius Marsus, Gaius  

Theodore John Cadoux and Barbara Levick

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Gaius Vibius Marsus, suffect consul ce17, was a legate (see legati) of *Germanicus in the east and after his death in 19 conducted *Vipsania Agrippina (2) back to Rome; his daughter ... More

Vibius Maximus, Gaius  

John Wight Duff, Geoffrey Bernard Abbott Fletcher, and Barbara Levick

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Gaius Vibius Maximus, attested as prefect (see prafectus) of Egypt from August 103 ce to March 107, condemned for maladministration (May 109 onwards). The prefect is unlikely to be ... More

Vibius Pansa Caetronianus, Gaius, Roman general and politician  

Christopher Pelling

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Roman general and politician who served with *Caesar in Gaul, defended his interests as tribune in 51 bce (see tribuni plebis), governed *Bithynia in 47–6 and Cisalpine Gaul (see gaul (cisalpine)) in ... More

Vibius Trebonianus Gallus, Gaius, Roman emperor Trebonianus Gallus  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Gaius Vibius Trebonianus Gallus,the emperor Trebonianus Gallus, ruled 251–3 ce. A successful senatorial governor of *Moesia, he was acclaimed by the army immediately after *Decius' death. ... More

Victorinus, Marcus Piavvonius  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Praetorian prefect (see praefectus praetorio) of the Gallic usurper, *Postumus, whom he succeeded in 269 AD after the ephemeral reign of Marius. Though he abandoned *Spain and lost eastern ... More

Villius (Annalis), Lucius  

T. Corey Brennan

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Lucius Villius(Annalis), tribune of the plebs in 180 bce (see tribuni plebis), passed the first law to stipulate minimum ages for tenure of each (curule) magistracy (42 for the ... More

Vindelici  

John Wilkes and John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Vindelici, a people of mainly Celtic origin (see celts) but including Illyrian (see illyrii) and other elements, inhabited the Swabian–Bavarian plateau and reached from the southern slopes of the ... More

Vinicius, Marcus  

Ronald Syme and Barbara Levick

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Marcus Vinicius (*suffect consul 19 bce), a *novus homo from *Cales in *Campania, is first mentioned as legate (see legati) of *Augustus in Gaul (25 bce). In *Illyricum (13 bce, perhaps as ... More

Vinius, Titus  

Brian Campbell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Titus Vinius, influential associate of *Galba and his colleague as consul in 69 ce, had been imprisoned while military tribune (see tribuni militum) in Germany in 39 on the charge of ... More

Vipsania Agrippina (1), daughter of M. Vipsanius Agrippa and wife of Tiberius, d. 20 CE  

John Percy Vyvian Dacre Balsdon and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Daughter of M. *Vipsanius Agrippa and granddaughter of T. *Pomponius Atticus. Married to *Tiberius, she bore him a son, Nero *Claudius Drusus, but he was forced by Augustus, against his will, to ... More

Vipsania Agrippina (2), 'Agrippina the Elder', daughter of M. Vipsanius Agrippa and wife of Germanicus  

John Percy Vyvian Dacre Balsdon and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Vipsania Agrippina (2), ‘the Elder Agrippina’ (c.14 bce–33 ce), the daughter of M. *Vipsanius Agrippa and of *Iulia ((3), daughter of *Augustus). She married *Germanicus (probably in ce 5), to whom ... More

Vipsanius Agrippa, Marcus  

Geoffrey Walter Richardson, Theodore John Cadoux, and Barbara Levick

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, the lifelong friend and supporter of *Augustus, was born in 64, 63, or even 62 bce of obscure but probably well-to-do family (he neglected his undistinguished family name). ... More

Vipstanus Messalla  

Howard Hayes Scullard and Barbara Levick

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Vipstanus Messalla, great-grandson of M. *Valerius Messalla Messallinus, military tribune in 69 ce (see tribuni militum), took temporary command of Legio VII Claudia (see legion) at the battle of ... More

Viriatus, c. 180–139 BCE  

Ernst Badian and Christoph F. Konrad

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Viriatus (c. 180–139 bce), a Lusitanian shepherd (see lusitania), escaped from the massacre of Ser. *Sulpicius Galba(1) (150), rallied his people, and became their war-leader (by 147). ... More

vis  

Andrew Lintott

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Latin word, means neutrally ‘force’ and pejoratively ‘violence’. It is the latter sense that is treated here. For Greece see under violence.(a) Political Violence. Apart from the major non-violent ... More

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